Florist's notes: coffee tree
For me, as a person who is fond of breeding indoor plants, the most important thing in choosing the next instance to replenish my collection is its exoticism. Of course, the plant itself should be beautiful, but not only. It should also be of interest to others, because it is always pleasant to be proud of your pet. And if such a plant also bears fruit, then this is just a real hit! And such a plant in my collection is a coffee tree.
We all know that coffee grows in hot countries, and its main varieties have names already familiar to the ear: arabica, robusta, liberic and excels. But few people were able to see how coffee looks in wildlife, only if you go on a tour of the coffee plantation. Well, wouldn't it be nice to have a whole coffee plantation on your windowsill? With these thoughts, I went to the nearest flower shop.
Under indoor conditions, it is absolutely realistic to collect up to one kilogram of coffee, but only from mature trees from six years old.
The Arabica coffee tree, or rather its sprouts, I acquired in large quantities in a chain garden store. About 15-20 shoots with a height of 7-10 centimeters grew in a pot. Bad, weak and seemingly damaged sprouts were immediately thrown away, and good ones were planted in pots of two or three pieces. The bushes grew quite quickly and within two or three years turned into beautiful trees that began to bear fruit.
Coffee berries pleased me for several months. At first they were green, and then they turned red. About 6-8 months ripened, and about five grains were harvested from the first harvest. In fact, under indoor conditions it is absolutely realistic to collect up to one kilogram of coffee, but only from already mature trees from six years old.
Growing a coffee tree at home
The ground for the coffee tree should be very light, breathable and breathable. In principle, soil that is sold for tropical plants may come up, it will just possess these characteristics. If you prepare the soil yourself, then you can take a mixture of peat and humus in a ratio of 50/50 as the basis. Also in the pot you can put several pieces of charcoal, which will save from acidification of the earth. Moreover, the pot for planting must be selected high, since the root system goes down.
The coffee tree grows year-round, so it requires regular top dressing, approximately every ten days. Fertilize with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. As nitrogen fertilizer, you can use squeezed peat, vermicompost, which can be bought in stores for the garden. As phosphate top dressing, you can use a solution of superphosphate. And from the ash you can get a good potash top dressing.
Small coffee seedlings grow only up. As they grow, skeletal branches begin to grow, which are closely related to the trunk. Accordingly, for the crown to develop evenly, the tree must be regularly rotated around the axis so that the plant develops uniformly.
Coffee tree care
Despite the fact that coffee is a resident of the subtropics, it is not recommended to put a pot in direct sunlight, as in nature coffee grows in partial shade from large trees. The best windows in the apartment: east or west. Since coffee is a tropical plant, temperature is very important, especially in winter. The temperature in the room should not fall below 15 ° C. At a low temperature, a black border appears on the leaves, then the leaf turns black and falls off.
Also in winter, I advise you to put a plank or polystyrene under the pot so that the roots of the plant do not freeze. And finally, coffee categorically does not tolerate drafts. In winter, you should be especially careful when ventilating the premises. If cold air enters the plant, the coffee will freeze immediately.
Coffee categorically does not tolerate drafts
If the tips of the leaves dry on coffee, this is the first sign of dry air. Solution: you must either increase the humidity in the room - put a humidifier or a container of water under the battery. You can also regularly spray the bush from the spray gun. It is very useful to rinse the foliage at least once a month with warm water under the shower, so that the water does not flood the pot. With such regular care, the leaves will always be shiny and beautiful.
In addition, regular sprinkling of coffee will protect you from the spider mite, the most important pest that can appear at home. The first signal of its appearance are light dots on leaflets - places of punctures, and, of course, small cobwebs.
If the tips of the leaves dry on coffee, this is the first sign of dry air.
You should also be careful when watering. You can not fill the plant, the leaves will become faded and begin to fall off. And do not overdry. Given that the surface of the leaves of the coffee tree is large, the moisture evaporates very quickly. As soon as the earthen lump is dry, the leaves will instantly fall off. Therefore, it is extremely important to water the plant with a small amount of water almost every day, so that the earth remains always moist, but at the same time the water does not stagnate in the pan of the pot. Water should be watered at room temperature, settled, soft and without lime.
Coffee Tree Resuscitation Experience
My plants survived "clinical death" twice. The first case occurred when a plant was frozen, opening a window in winter at a temperature of -25 ° C. Only the stem remained from the coffee, and the leaves instantly fell. The second case - in my absence, the plant was irrigated irregularly, and it dried up, again dropping the leaves. The recipe for revitalization for such nearly dead plants was to spray regularly with reduced watering. After a few months, the plants turned green again.
Thus, providing the plant with comfortable conditions, you can admire not only the dark green foliage, but also with an enviable regularity to harvest the real coffee! By the way, want to know what I did with my first harvest? Of course, I immediately distributed it in pots with earth and now I am waiting for a new crop. Soon I will have my own small coffee plantation on the windowsill, which the whole office will talk about and, I hope, beyond.
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