Katran - Peaceful Horseradish Substitute
Many gardeners would like to grow horseradish in their country house, but the trouble is, they are afraid that it will spread throughout the whole area and it will be difficult to get it out. A rare vegetable culture, katran, can help in this regard, which not only is not inferior to ordinary horseradish in taste, but also has several advantages. Katran is tastier, more productive and, most importantly, does not clog the site. In addition, along with the root, young leaves are successfully used in vegetable salads as an analogue of asparagus. It is also important that katran is an ornamental plant and has been actively used recently by landscape designers in floral arrangements.
Description of Katran
Katran, or rather seaside katran (Crambe maritime) is a perennial herbaceous plant of the cabbage family (like horseradish), 50-70 cm high, with a thick (up to 7-10 cm) cylindrical root with white flesh. Forms raised rosettes of leaves. The flowers are white, small (up to 1 cm in diameter), but numerous. The fruit is a pod.
Katran, as the name implies, is a plant on the coasts of the Atlantic, the Baltic and Black Seas, is rarely found in the Caucasus.
The name of the genus in translation from Turkic means "tarry torch", this is due to the fact that it burns well. This property is due to the significant content of essential oils in it. In addition to them, katran is rich in sugar, vitamins of groups B, C and PP, minerals.
Cultivation of Katran
Katran is usually propagated by seeds, they are of different sizes, you need to choose larger ones, because small ones do not germinate well. Plant it in the fall or spring. In the latter case, the seeds of katran need to be stratified, i.e. soak in warm water for 2 hours, then, mixing it with a small amount of sand, put in the refrigerator or cellar for 2-3 months.
Katran seeds are planted in spring at the end of April in non-acidic, plowed soil to a depth of 1.5 cm (in autumn they are planted deeper - up to 3 cm) at the rate of 15 seeds per 1 m2. The soil is then usually mulched. When the katran seedlings reach 6-8 cm, weeding and thinning are done. The second weeding - when 2-3 real leaves are formed and the plant height is about 20 cm. After thinning, the distance between the plants in the rows is usually 20-30 cm, and the row spacing is 60-70.
Katran can be planted with seedlings of 35-45 days of age. In addition, sometimes it is propagated by root cuttings, which are cut in spring in young plants (like horseradish).
Katran is unpretentious in care, hardy, in addition to weeding, they also cultivate row-spacings and top dressing, they fight pests and diseases as well as cabbage.
Harvest of katran in October, usually for 2-3 years (you can use annual roots if they are well formed).
A pair of recipes with quatranas
Katran with meat. 0.5 kg of pork, 0.5 kg of potato, 1 stew is stewed, and closer to readiness, 0.5 cups of grated katran are poured. It turns out very fragrant and tasty.
You can also make a good katrana sauce with apple. Take 1 apple, rub, and mix with 0.5 cups of grated katran, add vinegar, vegetable oil and 2 tablespoons of sour cream. Praise to the hostess is provided!