Caring for roses in the spring
Hello dear gardeners, gardeners and gardeners! I know that in many of you in the gardens, roses have become invaders. Almost no gardens can do without roses. Many of you shelter roses; many of you leave and cover with snow during the winter. This is all very good. And now the time has come when it is simply necessary to go to the country house - and if you live there, then all the more so - go right away to your roses, shelters, and immediately open them. But we do not open roses immediately. For God's sake, remember right away: we open roses several times! Now, while the nights are cold, while the nights are still frosty, during the daytime the temperature fluctuates between +2, then +7 degrees, frosts are still at night, what are we doing? Only slightly open the ends. We take and bend the ends in this way, fix it. Can be fixed with ropes, can be fixed with a stapler. Let’s take it now and fix it with a stapler to make it more clear. And from this side. We fix it so that on the one hand we have a little air flow, and on the other hand the same thing - slightly open. Ultimately, you can take some slats, slats. Take, for example, and simply wrap it on the rail from the end, and somehow fix it. Say here to put pebbles, or slats. So that about 15 centimeters of a crevice remained here, so that the air passed normally, and the atmosphere got rid of excess moisture.
Of course, you and I should immediately audit our plants. What are we doing? In fine weather, when the sun is shining warmly and slightly, we open it a bit and take, first of all, a shovel. With a spatula, we take and necessarily make bypass grooves if we see that in the area where the plants come out of the soil we have some kind of deepening where water can accumulate. Therefore, we are sure to raise our shelter, if it is with a net. If without a grid, then even easier. And we scoop up the soil, making a groove so that all excess water leaves.
What do we do next? And then we look at our roses themselves. Still, no matter how we shelter, no matter how winter it is, no matter how they winter well, there are still some branches that we have broken, there are some branches that suddenly underwent some kind of disease, let's say they got brown. You and I must remove these branches. And before that, we must definitely remove all the leaves that we could have stayed with in the fall. Here we are deleting. We practically do not do pruning, we only remove the patients.
All the bushes looked, removed, be sure to rake it all from under the plants, so that neither the leaves would remain here, nor these cut branches. We remove and burn everything. After that, we must process, suppose we take some kind of copper-containing preparation, and we make a solution of 1%. This means 1 gram of copper, for example, copper sulfate, per 100 grams of water, or 10 grams per liter of water. We take, put on gloves, who have glasses, then put on glasses, and spray our plant. We spray both the plant and the soil, eliminating the main fungal diseases. Very carefully we must spray all the plants. It’s warm outside, it’s not hard to do. It may be more convenient for you to carry out these sprayings from the ends. If there is no grid, then all the more convenient to do all this. And again we cover with covering material, leaving our slightly open ends.
In about two weeks, you and I will have to raise our shelter from the sides, that is, around the entire perimeter, and again also leave somewhere about 10-15 cm in a click. At this moment, the sun is very dangerous. Our plant is under the sun. And you see that if suddenly the plants came to life, strong shoots started, and your soil is still cold, icy, then at this time, please warm the soil. Take some water, heat it, pour it into the watering can, and spill the soil out of the watering can. The soil will warm up, the roots will begin to really work. We warm the soil properly. We warmed the soil with warm water. The roots came to life, began to give juices to the top. And so the upper part and the lower part, which is in the soil, will come into equilibrium. The roots will begin to provide the plant with nutrition, and at this time we can make some long-lasting fertilizers. Be sure to close them up in the soil: with rakes, with some kind of spatula, with a pitchfork, maybe close up, and mulch the soils. Gradually, only by the month of May we open the roses almost completely, and some of you even leave a small strip on top so that the burning rays of the midday sun do not burn these tender sprouts. And only then, when, we see, beautiful large shoots appear, thick, fat, with leaves, then we, of course, remove this shelter, remove this shelter, the design itself, and our roses remain in beauty, we are very comfortable behind them look after. And I am sure that if you do all this in a timely manner, gradually, slowly and slowly open the roses, they will delight you with their flowering during the period in which they must bloom.
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Nikolai Petrovich Fursov.