April garden calendar
April is the middle of spring. However, despite the fact that winter is losing ground, the weather this month is quite unstable: either the sun will warm, then the frost will return again. And, frankly, unbearable already to sit at home: pulling on the street, I want the sun, heat, fresh air. What work is necessary to carry out in the garden in March, will be described in the article.
We clean and plan the territory
One of the main activities of the spring period is the preparation of the territory for the season. In April, as soon as the snow melts and the soil dries out a little, it would be nice to pick up a rake, a broom and sweep away everything that has accumulated on the beds and paths. Plant debris in compost, take out the rest. If drains clogged, clean them. On lowlands, improve drainage.
In cases of territorial development, it’s time to plan the functional areas. To begin with, they are drawn on paper, and then reproduced in reality. This significantly increases the aesthetic moment of the site, simplifies the maintenance of it, increases the comfort of using the land.
Most often, planning is the division of the territory into subzones, which can be an entrance, a recreation area, a utility yard, a garden and a vegetable garden.
Cooking garden tools
If the weather does not allow you to work on the street, you can do business at home: repair and sharpen garden tools, bribe the missing tools, prepare several sets of work clothes. At the same time, it is important not to neglect safety measures when working with chemistry, and to separate clothes for manipulating with chemicals, which is easy to throw away at the end of the season.
When setting the temperature at 0 ° C, you can and should start spring pruning. It is better to start it with crops resistant to low temperatures, such as apple trees, then move on to more thermophilic cherries, apricots, cherries, plums, pears.
Cut branches need to be clean, without leaving a sticking bark or broken wood. In order not to tear plant tissue and not tolerate infection, the pruner should be well sharpened and clean. Since the damaged areas of the branches are breeding grounds for diseases, they must be treated with garden varnish or oil paint during the day.
In the same period, it is necessary to inspect and remove the damaged shoots of berry shrubs, cut raspberries. If bloated rounded kidneys are observed on blackcurrant, this is a kidney tick. Affected branches need to be cut and burned.
Each crop applies its own rules and techniques for trimming. In addition, take into account both the variety and age of the tree (the last to form young seedlings). Therefore, it is better to ask in advance how to tidy up your garden and create an individual pruning plan.
We remove winter shelters
As soon as the snow melts, more or less warm weather will set in, with a temperature regime of +5 .. + 10 ° C, it is necessary to start removing winter shelters from the vine bushes. This should be done gradually, with a focus on the method of shelter. And only when the threat of frost is blowing, remove the "winter coat" completely.
If the vine bushes have not been pruned since the fall, immediately upon opening it is necessary to remove the damaged vine from them, form the plants and tie them up to the support.
Gradually open and beds with strawberries, planting raspberries. Then they update the mulch, carry out spraying against diseases and pests.
We process the garden
Before budding, it is necessary to be in time with the treatment of trees and shrubs against pests and diseases. For the prevention of a number of diseases at once, a 1-2% solution of Bordeaux fluid is used. Gooseberries and currants are doused with hot (+65 ° C) water or sprayed with Topaz. Planting strawberries, in order to prevent against strawberry mites, spotting and gray rot, is treated with a solution of manganese.
If the garden is not whitewashed, whitewashing can be done at the beginning of the month.
We feed garden crops
In the early spring period, the use of fertilizers is mandatory. Basically, nitrogen is introduced at this time, scattering granules in the melting snow. But, if organic or complex fertilizer was not applied in the fall, both phosphorus and potassium are used.
Especially in need of such an early feeding raspberries and grapes.
We plant trees and shrubs
April is the time for planting seedlings. Well, if the landing pits were prepared in the fall, but if not, they need to be dug up now. At the same time, it is worth taking into account both the peculiarities of the soil and the needs of the planted crops - to lay under the plants just such a foundation that can give them a good start.
In addition to planting new plants, this month they pin and drip cuttings to obtain currant and gooseberry seedlings.
Lay the compost heap
After the earth dries up, you can start laying a new compost heap. To do this, it is necessary to knock down the fence, 1.5 m wide, 1 m high, dig a recess of 20 cm, put a film or peat layer 10 cm thick in it. Such a bottom will allow the heap to retain moisture and nutrients washed out with water. Walls - simplify maintenance and enhance the aesthetic appearance.
We sow cold-resistant crops
Mid-spring is a good time to plant green crops such as watercress, spinach, dill, parsley, carrots, sorrel in the open ground. For more friendly seedlings, they can be covered with film, but even without shelters, sown at this time, they will give an earlier crop.
If the earth has warmed up enough, in the middle or end of the month (depending on the climatic zone) it is already necessary to plant radishes, beets, peas, black onions, and plant garlic. Where potatoes were not planted at the end of March, plant potatoes.
When sowing beds, do not forget about observing crop rotation and crop compatibility. In addition, it is good to think about planting plant protectors for the garden and vegetable garden, driving away harmful insects in advance. These include marigolds (calendula), nasturtium, marigolds, tansy and many other flowers we know that can not only improve trees, shrubs and vegetables, but also perfectly decorate the area.
Siderata should also become a mandatory part of spring plantings. Mustard, rye, phacelia, oats, canola can be sown as soon as the soil is thawed. These crops are not afraid of temperature extremes, and in addition to cleansing and enriching the earth with nutrients, they will protect plantings from return frosts.
Take care of seedlings
In April, care for cultivated seedlings continues. At the beginning of the month, late and middle varieties of white cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, ultra-ripe tomatoes and eggplant are sown for seedlings.
If greenhouses for growing thermophilic crops have not been prepared in advance, the beginning of the second month of spring is a great time to put them in order.
In the greenhouses prepared since the fall, cucumbers are sown already at the beginning of the month. In the middle - put seedlings of celery, cabbage, beans. At the end (in the last days of April - at the beginning of May), tomatoes, squash, squash are sown in warm soil, heated to +15 ° C.
If vegetables are grown through seedlings, 50-60 day-old seedlings of tomatoes are planted in the first decade of the month, and 25-30-day seedlings of cucumbers are planted in the second decade.
Under temporary shelters, seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and eggplant are planted in the second or third decade of April.
We hope that we recalled in the article all the mandatory work on the care of the garden in April. But if you forgot something, write about it in the comments to the article. Perhaps you prefer to do some more important work this month that we haven't written about.