Malopa is a luxury rival to the mallow
Among flyers, only selected species can boast a considerable height. Reaching a meter or more, malopa is a plant that is easily mistaken for mallow from afar. But the closer you get to know her, the more obvious will be the merits of this still rare summer. Hardy and unpretentious, very beautiful, requiring minimal care, this beauty will become an original accent, an excellent background or camouflage culture.
More than the other mallow
Malopa is known here under the not-so-beautiful name “hole” or “summer mallow”. Malopa's appearance most closely resembles mallow, flowers sometimes cause associations with evening primrose. Even the name of a beauty known from the time of Ancient Hellas translates as “looking like a mallow”. But the nature of the plant is completely different. The dazzling tenderness of the game of pink-white colors does not make the little one just a little different “mallow”. This is a special culture that deserves more respect and careful use in the design of the garden.
Malopy (Malope) - decorative-flowering annuals of large sizes. In height, these annual giants reach 1 m, although some varieties are limited to 40-60 cm. In nature, there are 3 types of plants, but as a garden annual and decorative culture, only one species is cultivated - Three-cut malopa (Malope trifida) Found in nature only in northern Africa, in the Pyrenees, an annual beauty is a herbaceous plant that produces tall stems up to 1 m tall. Jagged, three-lobed, massive and bright leaves seem very juicy and attractive. Despite the modest volumes of the summer, there are so many leaves that they create neat, beautiful silhouettes.
Malopa flowers open in the axils of the leaves. Luxurious “gramophones” in diameter reach 5-7 cm. They attract attention already in the buds, as they are hidden not only by sepals, but also by leaves located under the flower, which seem to hug an unopened bud. After the funnel-shaped flower opens, the leaves and sepals form a powerful, solid base that only emphasizes the quivering tenderness of the corolla. Malopa flowers really look like a funnel. Beautiful contrasting veins run along the corolla, as if inflicted by the artist’s hand. And the pharynx, thanks to the dark warping of the corolla and the massive stamen, seems especially bright. The fruits are inconspicuous, but the seeds ripen very well even in regions with severe winters.
Flowering in malopa literally lasts all summer, right up to the first frosts.
The color palette includes white, pink and purple colors. In the basic species Malop, the color of the flowers is purple-red, muted, with beautiful dark veins, in the cultivated ones, the colors are less diverse.
Decorative forms and varieties of malopa
Malopa today on sale are presented in basic variations, and in forms with improved characteristics. The best decorative subspecies of the plant include:
- the large-flowered form of grandiflora, in which the shoots are even more impressive, exceeds 1 meter in height, the leaves are heart-shaped, sit on the cuttings alternately, and the flowers are large, about 9-10 cm in diameter, spectacular and bright;
- the early large-flowered form of praecox, blooming from June to September, is much more modest in flowering time, but which produces flowers in larger numbers and is limited to 60 cm in height;
- Queen White Queen ’variety with smaller, but snow-white flowers;
- ‘Vulcan’ variety with raspberry color.
- grade "Diamond Rose" with white, with bright raspberry-cherry throat flowers;
- white-carmine mixture "Capri";
- snow-white grade "Belyana";
- rich, velvety-carmine beauty "Purpurea";
- variegated variety "Beauty".
Malopa in decorative gardening is used for:
- creation of temporary hedges and borders (for the latter they use low-growing varieties);
- decorating the background of flower beds and the middle plan of bilateral rabatok;
- in flower-islands on a lawn;
- in high groups to improve the vertical structure or to mask;
- narrow flower beds and curbs-ribbons at walls and fences;
- in flower beds from summers;
- medium and large groups, usually with a combination of different varieties;
- making bouquets, like a great cut plant.
Best partners for malopa: plants with a snow-white color, snapdragon, Iberis, fragrant tobacco, phlox, asters, nyvyanik, decorative flax
Conditions necessary for malope
Like most large summers, malopa is a sun-loving plant that actively blooms only in open areas. But malopa has a considerable “trump card” - it is cold-resistant, not afraid of the slightest temperature drops and even sowing in days when late frosts still persist. This plant continues to bloom to really serious frosts, one of the last summers leaves the garden scene.
The better the soil, the more active the bloom will be. Nutrient, loose, high-quality soils with good water permeability are best suited for it. Soil reaction should be neutral. But take root and even bloom, albeit not so spectacularly, she will be able to practically on any ground.
Before planting malopa, it is necessary to improve the soil by introducing organic fertilizers, compost or humus into it. It is better to dig the soil deep, carefully selecting all the weeds, stones, breaking large breasts.
The optimal distance when planting is from 30 to 40 cm. Seedlings can be planted only in May, after the threat of frost has finally disappeared.
Spectacular and plentifully flowering malopa with all its beauty does not require special care. Water the plant actively only at a young age, to improve adaptation and active growth. After the malopa has grown, she will need watering only during very dry periods, in extreme heat.
But feeding is a completely different matter. Malopa blooms only on fertile soil. And stable soil nutrition should be maintained throughout the flowering period. Without fertilizers, flowering will be stormy, but short, and the size of the flowers will give way to the usual. Top dressing for the flyer is applied 1 or 2 times a month. For malopa it is better to use complex mineral fertilizers. Organics for malopa can only be used when planting.
In order for malopa to look attractive and bloom relentlessly, rather than in waves, it is better to remove fading inflorescences from the plant in a timely manner.
This is one of the most persistent flyers, which practically does not suffer from pests and diseases.
The only method for propagating malopa is seed. Malopa is also sown in open soil, but in order to enjoy a particularly long and abundant flowering, it is better to grow a beauty through seedlings. Plant seeds are best used fresh, but they retain partial germination for 3-4 years.
In open ground, malopa seeds are sown as soon as the soil warms up. The optimal sowing dates for the middle lane is considered to be the end of April and May. Shoots appear after about 2 weeks, moreover, usually this plant gives a fairly good percentage of germination. As soon as the plants are slightly stronger, they are thinned out and transplanted, placed in a constant place so that between the bushes there is a distance of 30-40 cm.
Sowing seedlings is also carried out very late - only in April. Seeds are sprinkled rarely, on a loose sifted substrate. Humidify the soil only after sowing. It is better to germinate malopa under glass or film. Seedlings thin out as necessary, with a fairly rare sowing of the plant, you can not dive.