Types of Lawns
The range of grass mixtures for creating lawns is not easy to understand even for specialists. On sale you can find not dozens, but hundreds of varieties of lawns that differ in grass composition and declared characteristics, required care and resistance to stress. The only reliable guideline in choosing a lawn is the basic criteria, or types of grass mixtures. They determine the conditions necessary for growing green carpets, and the possibility of their use, and the specifics of care.
Today, even in the line of one manufacturer, you can find not a few varieties of lawns, but many of their names. When choosing a specific grass mixture for a lawn, it is sometimes impossible to understand what the difference between the individual options is. But if it is difficult to navigate in the offers presented on the market, then it is quite easy to determine what type and type of lawn you need. The basic type of lawn outlines a list of all the key characteristics of these emerald carpets and determines their functional purpose. Having decided on it, you can safely study the assortment of the presented varieties and seek professional advice.
Garden lawns are divided into 5 types:
- Ground lawns
- Common lawns
- Sports lawns
- Moorish or flowering lawns
- Shady lawns
- Alternative or non-grassy lawns
Rolled lawns are often attributed to the types of lawn. But this is more of a type, or kind of technology for creating lawns, and not a separate species. Rolled lawns are also ground or ordinary, athletic and even shade-tolerant. Choosing a sowing lawn or laying rolls will require both different preparation and different care. But the roll lawn should not be called a separate type of emerald grounds.
Read more about rolled lawns in our material: Fast rolled lawns.
Front ground lawns
Ground lawns are also rightly called ceremonial. These are really lawns, playing the role of a purely decorative one, that is, as a decoration and an impeccable green carpet. They really look like living velvet, they are the most prestigious and aesthetically attractive view of green lawns. They do not walk on the ground grass, they are unstable to the load, and even the games of animals can violate their ideal state.
Ground grass is most often used where you need to create a "perfect picture." They are placed in the front garden, near the house, at the ceremonial flower beds, emphasizing their beauty with the best of objects of small architecture and garden sculpture. At the same time, there is only one rule in creating ground grass - their area should exceed the area of decorative compositions located nearby, and those objects that they “shade”.
The main advantages of ground grass:
- smooth and dense coating;
- flawless emerald color;
- highest decorativeness.
Ground grass is created from elite grass mixtures consisting of meadow bluegrass and timothy with addition ryegrass, field trees and fescue red.
Ordinary or landscape gardening lawns
A lawn that can withstand a certain load, but at the same time decorative enough to remain an adornment of a site that does not require complicated maintenance and creates a classic coating, is an ordinary or garden lawn. It is such lawns that are created in urban squares and parks, they are stable, but lacking endurance to heavy loads and absolute impeccability, this is a kind of intermediate option between sports and ground lawns, a compromise between aesthetics and practicality.
The main advantages of ordinary lawns
- the ability to create an emerald carpet on complex terrain;
- seed availability.
Ordinary lawns are created mainly from common field and field comb. To enhance endurance, this mixture is added red fescue, pasture ryegrass and bluegrass meadow.
Sports ultra-hardy lawns
Special types of lawns that can withstand even a constant heavy load, not for nothing called sports. These are the lawns that create for golf courses, playgrounds and sports competitions.
Among sports mixes, football, tennis, golf and lawn for playgrounds are separately distinguished, but all of them are characterized by almost the same high endurance. They require very unusual and thorough care, low mowing, and for private gardens such lawns are very rare.
Sports lawns are planted or created from rolled lawns. A special drainage is laid for them and irrigation is carefully thought out, any failures in which will lead to a rapid loss of decorativeness of the green carpet.
The main advantages of sports lawns:
- resistance to heavy loads and active movement;
- dense texture;
- low grass.
Sports lawns are sown from mixtures consisting of pasture ryegrass, meadow grass and meadow fescue. The seed rate for such lawns is 1.5-2 times greater than when creating any other lawn. And the mixtures themselves are one of the most expensive.
The most colorful and picturesque of all types of lawns is known as Moorish, although with no less right it can be called a flowering lawn. This is a unique type of lawn cover created not only with cereals, but also with flowering or ornamental plants. It is easy to create and even easier to care for.
Today, a meadow lawn is often isolated separately from the Moorish, in which cereals remain the dominant plants, but mainly local herbs are used, reinforced by groundcover, cultivated plants, and some flowering herbs. But according to the peculiarities of creation, and also according to aesthetic characteristics, meadow and Moorish lawns are difficult to distinguish.
The main advantages of flowering lawns:
- fit perfectly into landscape styles;
- do not require complicated care;
- easy to grow;
- attract honey plants and butterflies.
Seeds are added to ordinary lawn grasses, which still remain the basis of the Moorish lawn. forget-me-nots, resident, clover, carnations, poppy, daisies, flax, bells and other wildflowers.
Read more about creating a Moorish lawn in the article: How to create a Moorish lawn with your own hands?
Emerald carpets that can withstand shading and still look like a luxurious lawn are used for landscaping problem areas in the garden. They are often called lawn lifters, allowing you to arrange even unsightly places.
The main advantages of shady lawns:
- allow you to create a classic design even on not too well-lit areas, including under trees;
- great stamina;
- simplified care;
- fast growth.
Shade-tolerant plants are created from especially hardy, which have undergone a special selection of classical lawn cereals or ground cover plants - periwinkle, survivors, hoof. Today, moss lawns are very popular.
All types of lawn imitations created using not cereal grasses but ground cover plants are called non-grassy lawns. They are broken up to simplify garden maintenance, filling large areas without much effort, or when they want to emphasize the style of garden design with a carpet of special texture.
The main advantages of non-grassy lawns:
- natural, miraculous appearance;
- attracts honey plants and insects;
- they are easy to create;
- such lawns require almost no maintenance;
- the choice of different types of plants allows you to achieve different decorative effects.
Non-grassy lawns are created from soil protectors, which are suitable for lighting and soil characteristics. Favorites - Veronica, acena, periwinkle, tenacity, European hoof, thyme, awl-shaped phlox, clover, etc. A separate type of grassy lawn is the area covered with moss.
In addition to the basic types of lawns today on sale you can find other types of lawn grass mixtures. Quickly restored lawns are used in the repair and correction of existing lawns. For clay soils, roadsides and other heavily polluted territories, urban conditions, and arid regions, there are special seed mixtures.