The secrets of growing "winter" onions
Even if you do not have a small garden at your disposal, not everyone will be able to boast that you manage to grow vegetables throughout the winter. Usually, by spring, supplies are exhausted, primarily onions - vitamin and indispensable in cooking. To replenish stocks on time and to avoid the need to buy “someone else's” in anticipation of the new season will help you winter bow. Do not confuse it with winter crops. Onions intended for spring are not sown at all in autumn, but in the middle of summer. And onions can be used literally in April.
What is a winter onion?
In fact, such a winter bow can be justly called spring. And it is under this name that he is familiar to many gardeners. Small onions and their fragrant, fresh and such vitamin leaves will become a real storehouse of nutrients at the very beginning of the garden season. Even winter onion crops, at best, will produce results in May. That is why some gardeners call it not winter, but spring, because they really use it in the spring. The main feature of growing such onions is that crops should be covered for the winter, but it is also more economical.
What varieties of onions can be planted in the summer?
It is by this technology that the most delicious onion-batun and Japanese hybrid onions are grown. But you should not limit them to the assortment of onions that can be grown using this technology, because the Dutch onion sets and German varieties are excellent. The earliest harvest allows you to get the Weisse Koeningin variety and its little-known competitor Weisse Fruhlingszwiebel, whose trump card is often called high winter hardiness. But you can truly appreciate the benefits of this variety only with summer sowing, the onion crop will really be ready to harvest amazingly early. Such grades as “Senshyu Yellow”, “Keep Well”, “Elody” will not be inferior to him in taste. But you can choose any onion suitable for winter crops with high resistance to cold.
When to plant a “winter” onion?
The timing of sowing winter onions is very limited. You can sow this first onion in terms of yield only from mid-July to early August. Most often, the period for sowing is limited to the period from July 15 to August 10.
Features of planting and growing "winter" onions
The conditions for growing winter onions can be called typical. True, it will be necessary to take care of stricter control over the quality of the soil and lighting, to create literally ideal conditions for onions. For planting the first onion crop, only the warmest, most sunny beds in the garden are suitable. The soil on them should be very loose, light in texture, containing a large amount of organic matter. Soil quality is improved during the preliminary preparation, which is best done about a month before planting your spring onions. It is very convenient to use beds for this purpose, which are already released in June from early vegetables or salads. Soil preparation itself is quite simple:
1) the soil is dug up to a depth in the bayonet of a shovel, thoroughly fluffing it;
2) several compost buckets are evenly distributed on the ground;
3) additionally scattered with 30 g of complex mineral fertilizer for each square meter of soil;
4) the soil is re-excavated, filling fertilizers into it.
Planting a winter onion is also very simple. Sowing is carried out in rows with a distance of about 20 cm between the rows, using your favorite onion varieties. The sowing depth should be standard 2 cm. Do not sow rarely, but should not be thickened. If there is a drought, it will be necessary to ensure timely watering (like any other inhabitants of the garden).
The next stage in the cultivation of winter onions is the shelter of crops for the winter. Onions sown in summer are considered winter-hardy, but it is better to protect plantings: unstable conditions can significantly “thin out” your beds, and hoping for a successful winter with good snow cover will be too presumptuous. In the middle lane, you need to cover the bow. For this, a special non-woven covering material, as well as an ordinary spruce branch, which will allow plants to breathe, and will cope with their immediate task, is no worse.
When the long winter is over and spring reigns in the garden, the threat of severe frosts disappears, they remove the shelter from summer crops and allow the plants to adapt. And after a week or two, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving a distance of 5 cm between the plants. Full-fledged, albeit small onions, which can be used as onions, you can start collecting in April. And greens will be at your service much earlier.