Fragrant bouquets of fiemon
Among the bulbous many plants, both colorful and elegant. But not one of them resembles living bouquets as vividly as a modest in size, but not in bloom, figheon. Pastel colors, lush foliage, delicate medium-sized flowers, like stars shining against a background of greenery - these are the merits of this plant. Ifeon forms entire thickets amazingly fast. And growing it is not at all difficult.
Shining stars on tiny peduncles
Despite the good looks and some rusticity, ifeon is not only by origin, but also by its not too wide distribution, by right, we are ranked among exotic plants. In nature, this small bulb is found in tropical and subtropical climates, is a culture typical of the flora of Central and South America.
In nature, ifeon species were previously counted not even by tens, but by hundreds, but in room culture this plant is represented by only one species - ifeon single-flowered (Ipheion uniflorum).
Ifheon (Ipheion) - small-bulbous perennials with a height of only 15-20 cm. The bulbs are ovoid, covered with membranous scales, capturing the base of peduncles. Small bulbs (up to 1 cm in diameter) produce bundles of narrow, numerous, lodging and drooping in different directions broad-linear leaves up to 25 cm long. Gradually growing, ifeon forms entire thickets - dense, elegant and fragrant at the time of flowering. The bluish color of the foliage surprisingly harmonizes with the shining colors of the flowers.
The flowers of this bulb are single, on straight peduncles, do not droop, but most often look straight up, which is why the plant is often called "curious little stars." The flower stalk height of the ifeon is from 15 to 20 cm. The diameter of the six-petalled symmetrical flower is up to 3 cm, but on such a compact plant they seem huge. A bright “eye” with six stamens and quivering anthers emphasizes the beauty of a pure color.
Despite the fact that only one flower blooms on each peduncle, the bulb relentlessly, one after another, produces new peduncles, fully compensating for the small number of flowers. And the fact that the ifeon grows in large groups makes it possible to almost completely cover all greenery with flowers at the peak of flowering. Ifeon is a fragrant culture, but not always in a pleasant sense. If you grind the leaves between your fingers, an aroma appears that is vaguely reminiscent of a mixture of garlic or onion, sharp and unexpected. But the flowers smell very nice.
Traditionally, ifheon in the rooms blooms in spring, and the older the plant, the more lush the thickets it forms and the more abundant these onion blooms. Despite the fact that the bulb blooms for 6-7 weeks, throughout the spring, crops equal to it in beauty of flowering cannot be found. But it is not necessary to limit oneself only to spring flowering: like any bulbous, the ifeon allows you to change the dormant period and shift the flowering to your liking. It can even be used as a forcing crop.
In the development of the ifheon, a dormant period with dropping foliage is clearly expressed: if the flowering period does not shift, then it (this period) falls in the summer.
The color palette of the iphone is very diverse. On sale the plant is represented by varieties that differ precisely in color. Bright blue with a white eye, pale blue, snow-white, lilac-pink - there are plenty to choose from. The most popular varieties of ifeon are white, with a light blue tint ‘Album’, delicate sky blue ‘Wisley Blue’, lilac ‘Jessie’, watercolor pink ‘Charlotte Bishop’, snow-white variety ‘White Star’, etc.
Growing an ifeon
The cultivation of ifeon is even for beginner growers. In fact, the hardest part is the right purchase. After all, the small bulbs of this plant dry up easily and in uncomfortable storage conditions during sale can quickly become worthless. When buying onions, you should pay attention to whether they are dry. And the rest of the cultivation of ifeon is quite simple. The main thing is to provide an almost dry cool dormant period, as well as proper watering and top dressing during the period of active growth.
Lighting for iphone
This small onion needs to provide the most intense, but diffuse lighting. Any shading will lead to lodging of the leaves. The best place for the ifheon is the southern windowsill.
During the period when the plant drops its leaves, it can be kept even in the darkest places.
Ifeyon puts up well with any room temperature indicators during the period of active development and flowering, but does not like heat. The optimal value is from 20 to 23 degrees heat. During the rest period, the ifeon prefers to be cool, at temperatures from 10 to 15 degrees. If there is no possibility to lower the temperature, the plant is put in full shadow and a place in which the temperature drops at least a few degrees. Back to the bright light and warmth, the iphones are carried out only with the first signs of their growth.
This plant is not afraid of drafts and wind.In the open air there is no need to look for protected secluded places. The plant can spend summer on the balcony or in the garden.
Ipheon watering and humidity
Like most bulbs, the Ifeon loves restrained watering. Waterlogging of the soil is no less dangerous than complete drought. The plant is watered often, but not abundantly, allowing the soil to dry above between these procedures.
Watering almost ceases as soon as the indoor Ifeyon fade and leaves begin to turn yellow (but the foliage itself is not removed until it completely dries). During the dormant period, minimal very light irrigation is carried out, just not letting the bulbs dry out. Reverse resumption of irrigation is carried out slowly, gradually increasing them as new shoots grow.
The unique features of the ifeon can be easily attributed to insensitivity to the composition and hardness of water. This bulbous is not against irrigation with both standing and hard water, since it reacts positively to excess calcium. But the temperature of the water matters: ifeion does not tolerate cold water, prefers water several degrees warmer than the air in the room.
In any measure to increase air humidity, the iphone needs only one case - in hot weather. If the temperature rises to above 22 degrees, it is better to spray the plant more often using soft warm water.
Fertilizers for ifeyons are applied from the moment of the beginning of active growth until the beginning of flowering. After the first flowers bloom, top dressing is stopped; continued fertilizing during this period may affect the dormant phase and lead to a lack of flowering in the coming year. Usually fertilizers are applied at a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks, the minimum number of fertilizing before flowering is three. For ifheon, you can use both universal fertilizers for indoor plants and special fertilizers for bulb or flowering plants.
Ipheon leaf pruning
Ifeon, like any bulb, should not rush to prune leaves. When they turn yellow, the plant continues to “stock up” with nutrients. And early pruning will lead to disruption of the bulb ripening process. Therefore, iftheion leaves are cut off only when they dry. But the flower stalks can be removed immediately after flowering.
Phytheon transplant and substrate
Ifeon, like everyone inclined to grow and form entire colonies onion, does not need a frequent transplant. This small-bulb is transplanted only when there is no space left in the pot - approximately 1 time in 2-3 years. Ifeyon transplantation is best done at the end of the dormant period, before the start of growth (respectively, not at the beginning of spring or the end of winter, but at the beginning of autumn or August with classical flowering periods). But you can transplant and immediately after dropping the leaves. Bulbs that are just acquired are not stored, but are immediately planted on a substrate.
For Ifeyon, a mixture based on leafy earth, in which peat and compost were added (the ratio is 2: 1: 1), is considered optimal. Any universal substrate or special soil mixture for bulbs is suitable.
Ifeyon never planted one onion. Plants are placed in a pot of at least 3-5 pcs. Small bulbs of the plant do not leave on the surface, but are buried in the soil to a depth of 4-5 cm. A drainage of at least 6 cm high is laid at the bottom of the containers. Very moderate, light irrigation is carried out within a month after planting. Full-fledged procedures are resumed only with the appearance of signs of growth.
Ipheon diseases and pests
Ifeions are only afraid of rot and root ticks, which most often fall into the substrate along with infected bulbs. With signs of rotting of the bulbs, you need to immediately adjust the care, in extreme cases, conduct a long drying of the soil, transfer the plants to a dormant period and urgently transplant. In the heat of plants, spider mites may appear, but if timely compensation measures are taken in the form of spraying. No problems.
Thanks to the formation of a huge number of children, Ifeon makes it easy to expand the collection. It is enough to divide the grown nests and colonies after the death of the leaves or during transplantation, allowing the bulbs to dry slightly in the heat and planting in small pots in small groups.
You can also get ifheon from seeds. They are sown in a light substrate, not too deep. Under glass or film, under bright light and an air temperature of about 20 degrees, the plants germinate after about 3 weeks. Growing requires careful watering and double picking. Seedlings will bloom in the third year.
Outdoor cultivation of ifeon
Ifeyon can also be grown as a garden bulb for decorating flower beds, rockeries and rock gardens. In the open field, the purchase of bulbs (and their immediate planting) is carried out in August.
For winter, plants in the middle lane should be covered with boxes, dry leaves, nonwoven materials. In the open ground, the ifeon is planted to a depth of 3-4 cm, with a distance between the bulbs of 10 cm.
The conditions for growing an ifeyon in the garden are much similar to indoorbut not really. The plant feels good on any light drained soils, especially in rock gardens and rockeries. But lighting can be either sunny or diffusedly bright, and partial shade.