July. Folk calendar
The ancient Romans named July in honor of Julius Caesar. The old Russian name is Lipets (linden blossoms at this time). In the Ukrainian, Belorussian and Polish languages, July is now called linden, and in Lithuanian it is called lipas, i.e., the month of linden. July was also magnified by a thunderstorm (due to frequent thunderstorms), a roaster, a sufferer (during harvesting), a senosarius (in the early dawns, mowing the meadows), and sickle (for harvesting rye).
The warmest month of the year is an average temperature of 18.3 ° C. In July, the largest amount of precipitation is 74 mm with fluctuations from 169 mm (1910) to 24 mm (1890). A lot of rain with thunderstorms - up to 15 per month (1940). Rain is considered to be heavy if at least 10 mm, i.e. 100 tons per 1 ha, falls during the day.
Interesting July Facts
A close thunderstorm is the one that passes in 3 km: the distance to a thunderstorm is calculated as follows: 0.33 km / s (speed of sound) is multiplied by the time in seconds from the moment of a lightning flash to the thunder.
Plants - time indicators: sow thistle, potato, flax open flowers at 7 a.m., bell at 8 a.m., marigolds at 9 a.m. At 12 a.m., flowers of field sow thistle, at 2-3 a.m. potatoes and chicory, at 5 a marigold, at 6 a.m. in the evening - buttercups, water lilies.
The birds fall silent - they feed the chicks. A swallow flies with food to the nest up to 300 times a day, and redstart - up to 400 times.
July seasonal calendar
|Haymaking unfolds||July 1||June 18 (1906)||July 13 (1904)|
|Linden||July 7th||June 27 (1936)||July 18 (1928)|
|potatoes||July 23||July 5 (1934)||August 14 (1941)|
|Harvest winter rye||July 28th||July 16 (1946)||August 5 (1942)|
Popular proverbs and signs of July
- July is the crown of summer. In July, the yard is empty, but it is densely in the field.
By the end of the month grew a lot.
- In the morning, heavy dew and fog - to good weather.
- Strong dew - to the bucket, sukhoros (no dew) - to the rain.
- There is no dew at night, and fog is not visible in the lowlands - to bad weather.
- A thunderous thunder - to a quiet rain, a thunderous thunder - to a shower.
- Thunder is continuous - there will be hail.
- The thunder booms long and unsharply - to bad weather, but if it is jerky and short - it will be clear.
- When the thunder booms for a long time - bad weather will be established for a long time.
- In July, a bucket of water is a spoonful of dirt.
- July is the month of berries.
- In July, the water blooms
- The first fog of summer is a sure mushroom omen.
- Doves got apart - the weather will be fine.
- Rooks curl high in swarms and lower their arrows to the ground - it will rain.
- Crimson dawns - to the winds.
- Early larking of larks - good weather.
- Clover brings its leaves together, leans in front of bad weather.
- If it started to rain in the afternoon, it will drag on for a day.
Detailed folk calendar for July
July 1 - Fedul. Fedul looked into the yard - it’s time to cram sickles, to prepare for the stump ahead of time.
July 2- Zosima and Savvatey - patrons of bees.
- Zosima-Savvatey flowers, bees grow, honey is poured into flowers.
- On Zosima, bees conceive honey to be introduced, honeycombs to lick.
3 July- Methodius. If it rains on Methodius, it will go 40 days.
July 6th- Agrafena Swimsuit. Start collecting herbs.
July 7th- Day of Ivan Kupala (John the Baptist-Kupala, i.e. Christ the Baptist).
On the night of Ivan Kupala, various miracles take place - the heat-color of ferns is revealed, a magical gap-grass is shown, helping to find treasures (on which the braid will break on Ivan’s night, that is a gap-grass). Kupala merrymaking began on Ivanov’s night: girls and boys converged outside the village (the girls previously steamed with birch brooms with medicinal herbs). Near the felled willow they set up a discharged thatched Lada.
The guys “wiped the living fire” with wood, from which they lit a Kupala bonfire. Then the couple, holding hands, together with Lada jumped over the fire. Judging by the jump they judged luck in marriage. Late round dances drove to the White Dawn, and Lada was burned or drowned.
- A large haymaking was opening on Kupala.
July 9th - Tikhvin.
- A bee flies to Tikhvin for a diarrhea.
- On the Tikhvin berry, wild strawberries ripen, rides red girls into the forest.
July 10th - Samson Senogna.
- On Samson-Senognoy rain, before the Indian summer (September 14) it will be wet.
- On Samson, green hay - black porridge (buckwheat), black hay - white porridge (millet).
July, 12 - Petrovka. Peter and Paul reduced the hour; Ilya the Prophet fired two.
- Petrovka is dry and the day is great.
- Peter and Paul added heat.
- The nightingale trails off: “nightingales sing before Peter's day.”
- She stopped the cuckoo: "choked with a barley spikelet."
- Shallowed the river: "by the day of Peter, the water in the rivers will be moderate."
The first yellow leaves begin to fall in Petrovka:
- Petrovka came - it fell off the sheet, Ilya came (August 2) - two and two fell.
- Since Peter's Day - the height of haymaking.
- The woman did not boast that it was green, but look what day Petrov was.
- Mow in the rain, row in a bucket.
- Not that hay in the meadow, but that in a stack.
By Petrov’s day, the winter wedge was taken up:
- "To plow up to Petrov, to plant till Ilyin (August 2), to sow before the Savior (August 28)."
the 14 th of July - Kuzma and Demyan. Kuzminki - womanish, girlish, smoking holiday. In the vegetable gardens, ridges are flooded, root vegetables are pulled out.
July 16 - July 16 is a miserable day according to the calendar of the Greek-Russian Composition.
July 17th - Andrei.
- In winter, they reached Andrei in bulk, and the oat father was half grown.
- Grain in the spikelet - do not wallow in the chill.
July 18th - Afanasyev day.
- Afanasyev day - months holiday (full moon).
- On Athanasius of Athos the month on the shoot is playing - to the harvest.
July 20 - Thomas and Euphrosyne. Rains on this day reduce the quality of the crop and last a long time.
21 July - Kazan. Digging summer. Summer Kazan is celebrated on July 21, autumn-November 4. Holidays were very revered by the people and managed for several days. Zazhin rye old always was done on Kazan.
- Procopius is a reaper, Procopius is a reaper, heats rye.
- If blueberries ripen on Kazan (Summer digs), the rye ripened.
- A lazy person marries while harvesting, and itching gets married.
July 25th - Proclus - the great dew.
- On Proclus - the dew field is wet.
July 29 - Athenogen - birds fall silent.
- Birdies quiet down on Athenogen - the birds think.
- The beginning of the harvest - Finogenovye zavinok.
- Pray for the sun at Finogen - ask God for a bucket.
- V. D. Groshev. Calendar of the Russian farmer (National signs)