Pear for connoisseurs
Gardeners grow pear much less often than an apple tree, because it requires more heat and its cultivation in more northern areas is therefore limited. In terms of durability, the pear is far superior to the apple tree. It begins to bear fruit in the 5-7th year after planting, gives high yields of 100 kg or more from one tree.
Pear fruits are tasty, juicy, soft, delicate, aromatic. They have vitamins, but in small quantities, but enough folic acid (vitamin B9), which plays a significant role in blood formation processes.
Pear fruits have an anti-sclerotic, capillary-strengthening, anti-inflammatory and fixing effect. They are recommended for use in diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. The diuretic effect of the pear is due to the presence of potassium salts in the fruits, which contribute to the removal of excess water and sodium chloride from the body.
Compotes, jam, jam, marmalade, juice are made from fruits, they can also be dried.
In order to prepare a delicious salad, take 3 pears and 2 apples, wash, rub the pulp on a coarse grater, mix, add sugar or honey to taste and pour over redcurrant juice; served with fried meat.
You can bake pears. They are washed, cut into 2 parts, be sure to remove the core, lay on a baking sheet, greased with butter, sprinkle with sugar on top, pour a glass of milk and put in the oven.
August dew. The variety is high-yielding. The tree is relatively small, with good winter hardiness, high resistance to disease. Fruits weighing 110-130 g, green, very good taste.
Space. The variety is winter hardy. The trees are tall, bear fruit annually from the 5th-6th year. Productivity 150 kg per tree. The fruits are medium-sized (80 - 110 g), good taste. Shelf life 10 - 20 days. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases.
Lada. The variety is highly winter-resistant, early-growing. The trees are medium-tall, bear fruit annually from 3 to 5 years. Fruits are yellow, sweet, weighing 90-110 g, ripen in mid-August. Shelf life 10 - 15 days. The variety is resistant to scab.
Northerner. The variety is medium-tall, high-yielding, partially self-fertile, highly winter-resistant. Resistant to disease. Fruiting annually from 3 to 4 years. Fruits are yellow with green spots, sweet-sour, tart; on young trees of medium size, on adults - smaller; may be stored for approximately 10 days. The variety continues to be quite popular among gardeners-lovers of the middle strip.
Severyanka red-cheeked. The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to disease, very productive. The tree is medium in size. Fruits up to 120 g, round, yellow, many with a bright red blush. The pulp is creamy, tender, fine-grained, sweet and sour without astringency, with aroma, with a small number of granulations in the seed nest, of very good quality.
Skoropelka from Michurinsk. A variety of early summer ripening, early-growing, high-yielding. Trees are medium-sized, winter-hardy. Removable fruit maturity occurs at the end of July, i.e. earlier than all known summer pear varieties. Fruits of medium size (70 - 80 g), ovoid, with a yellow, brightening skin when ripe. The pulp is tender, juicy, cream, medium density, good sweet and sour taste. The variety is resistant to scab.
Chizhovskaya. The grade is highly winter resistant. Middle-sized trees with a narrow crown, begin to bear fruit in the 2nd-4th year after planting. Productivity is stable and high - up to 30-60 kg per tree. Fruits are greenish-yellow, sour-sweet, medium in size (120 - 140 g); ripen in the third decade of August. Shelf life 20-30 days. The variety is resistant to scab.
© Andrey Korzun
Yakovlev's favorite. The variety is early autumn, winter hardy. The trees are tall, bear fruit in a year from the 4th-5th year. Productivity 150 - 180 kg per tree. The fruits are large (140 - 190 g), good taste. Shelf life 30 days. Medium resistant to fungal diseases.
Muscovite. Trees begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 120 - 130 g, roundishly broad-conical, light yellow, sweet and sour taste. Resistant to scab.
Dressed Efimova. The variety is early autumn, highly winter resistant, productive (120-150 kg per tree). The trees are tall, bear fruit annually from 4 to 7 years after planting. Fruits of good sour-sweet taste, weighing 60-135 g, are resistant to fungal diseases. Shelf life 10-12 days.
In memory of P. N. Yakovlev. The variety is early. The trees are medium-tall, highly winter-resistant, bear fruit annually from the 3rd to 4th year. Fruits are light yellow with a pink blush, sweet, weighing 120 - 140 g, can be tied without cross-pollination. They lie until November. Scab resistance is high.
Memory of Zhegalov. The variety is productive, winter-hardy, early. Fruits are medium and large, round, weighing 120 - 150 g, sweet; stored until January-February. Moderate to scab.
Landing and care
For planting, choose the most lit, dry, flat place. The pear grows well and bears fruit in a soil rich in nutrients. In lowlands with high standing groundwater, it usually freezes and dies.
A pear is usually planted in autumn or spring immediately to a permanent place, since it does not like transplants, especially at the age of 3 - 4 or more years. It is necessary to plant several varieties (2 - 3) - for pollination.
Pits dig deep, up to 100 - 120 cm, since the root system mainly penetrates to a great depth, with a diameter of 80 cm. Pits of this size are dug on clay or peat soils. Dung or vegetable humus (up to 2-3 buckets) is laid in the pit, from mineral fertilizers - 1 glass of superphosphate, 3 tablespoons of potassium sulfate, 1 kg of the Berry Giant or Berry organic fertilizer, 2 buckets of coarse sand. All mixed with soil previously removed from the pit. Then, in 2 liters of water, 2 cups of dolomite flour or lime-fluff are bred and poured into a pit, then 2 buckets of water are poured and the pit is left for 6-7 days.
Before planting, a stake is driven in (50 cm above the surface), soil is poured into the pit until a knoll is formed. They take a seedling, put it on a knoll, evenly spread their roots and fill it with soil without fertilizer, while the root neck should be 5 - 6 cm above the surface of the soil. When planting, shake the seedling several times so that there are no voids between the roots and the soil, then they carefully trample the soil with their feet, water and mulch with a small layer of dry humus to avoid evaporation of moisture.
Since the pear has much in common with the apple tree, caring for it is almost the same - watering, feeding and controlling pests and diseases. However, there are some differences. Young pear trees, for example, freeze more often, therefore, in winter they are more insulated with snow and shelters are covered.
In most varieties of pears, the crown is formed naturally and does not require significant trimming. When the pear freezes, many spinning shoots appear on skeletal branches, which grow vertically. Some of them are cut into a ring, and some are left as an extension of skeletal or semi-skeletal branches, while the tops are given a horizontal position, otherwise they will not bear fruit.