The best creepers for pergolas and pergolas
There is nothing more pastoral and spectacular than a gazebo or pergola covered with a magnificent canopy of climbing plants. She beckons to enjoy rest, chat, taste tea or have a meal in the fresh air. Despite the fact that these representatives of small garden architecture themselves make an impression, they become cozy and alluring only with proper landscaping, which not only connects the elegant structure to the rest of the garden, but also creates a special atmosphere. The choice of vines that can be used for pergolas and pergolas is very large - from classic flowering and deciduous to extravagant and temporary plants.
Gardening of arbors and pergolas is a fascinating process, allowing you to reveal your tastes and create a place for relaxation, which you always dreamed about. Starting from modest hanging ampels to flower beds and pottery gardens around - there is a place for fantasy to roam. But nevertheless, potted, container, and decorative plants planted in the soil are just auxiliary agents. The main tool for landscaping pergolas and arbors, regardless of the style of the garden and its size, has always been and remains magnificent lianas.
Talented climbers, effectively draping objects of small architecture and soaring upward, like luxurious living fabric soften the lines, hide the bulkiness, and transform the atmosphere. A single liana is able to bind together the gazebo and the surrounding landscapes, create a sense of peace, naturalness and the very harmony that we all strive for in our own gardens. Even a very beautiful building without a liana seems like an alien object, and it is necessary to “fit” it into the garden. Of course, lianas play a purely practical role - they enhance shading, give coolness, make relaxation solitary, hide from the wind, rain, prying eyes and bustle, give a feeling of complete protection.
Choosing a creeper to design a gazebo or pergola is not an easy task. If almost any vine will look spectacular on an arch, support, pyramid or fence, then on a pergola and pergola it should also look perfect. And consider all the nuances:
- terms of decorative plants;
- deciduousness or the ability to preserve leaves for the winter;
- attractiveness in early spring and late fall;
- timing and flowering palette;
- leaf canopy density;
- the tendency to “litter” - to scatter dry petals, leaves, sticky juice or pollen - or to maintain relative purity;
- the saturation of the color of the leaves and the texture of the crown;
- compliance with the style of the garden and the techniques already used in vertical gardening;
- the need for shelter for the winter and removal from the support, as well as its ability to provide shelter (for landscaping arbors and pergolas, it is better to choose plants adapted to your climate, rather than exotic crops);
- plant longevity;
- growth rate and maximum sizes;
- compliance with the dimensions of the adult creeper of stability, strength and the size of the construction of a pergola or arbor.
Ignoring even one of these points is not worth it. Agree, there is little pleasant in the arbor, completely covered with sticky pollen of hops, which is difficult and unpleasant to remove. Yes, and its loose, often sloppy and "full of holes" crown does not always live up to expectations from a beautiful deciduous canopy, hopelessly exposing itself already in early autumn. An enormous wisteria, which with age will threaten the entire structure, will become a problem for a small gazebo with carved details. As it will not be appropriate for an elegant miniature pergola with thin supports. And lemongrass is beautiful only in the summer - neither in the spring nor in the autumn it will delight your eyes.
When choosing a vine for landscaping these important objects, not only from the aesthetic, but also from the functional point of view, of small architecture, you must not forget that the chosen plant will be a kind of partner or companion of your gazebo or pergola for decades. And you simply must predict its growth, take into account all the shortcomings.
For gardening, arbors use only 1-2 vines, and if you want to achieve a complex image, you need to select literally perfect partners and time-tested duets (for example, a combination of a rose and clematis). But still it is better to choose one vine that will be easier to control and allow her to reveal all her beauty.
Let's get acquainted with the favorites of landscaping arbors and pergolas.
Blooming stars for pergolas and gazebos
The absolute favorites for the design of gazebos today are climbing roses. They create a fabulous effect, reminiscent of illustrations of magical stories. Gorgeous and regal roses with their glossy foliage and luxurious inflorescences with semi-double, double, fragrant or not so flowers even on a gazebo seem a blossoming cloud. Caring for a climbing rose is not so simple - it needs pruning, watering, top dressing, special preparation for winter, but an annual growth of several meters and the greatness of flowering can not even notice such "little things." But the classics always have an alternative, and not necessarily less spectacular in terms of color and flamboyance.
Clematis (Clematis) - the best partner and the most popular for landscaping pergolas and pergolas climbing creeper. Large saucer flowers, even in the most modest species of clematis, still give the impression of unusual and eye-catching. It is the flowering of clematis that seems to connect together a gazebo or pergola with a plant and a garden, creates a kind of connecting link. A flexible shoots and visual weightlessness organically complement the appearance of the structures.
Hardy and non-troublesome species clematis or the most varied both in terms of winter hardiness, and in size, structure, color of flowers and endurance, varietal clematis allows you to choose a plant in accordance with your lifestyle and individual preferences. Red and lilac, purple and violet, blue, cream, white and even chocolate - the color of clematis flowers can be both original and classic. Clematis is a rather capricious culture.
From arbors and pergolas, they receive two important conditions necessary for their successful growth - the constant circulation of air in the crown and the protection of the root system from overheating. Clematis need watering, regular top dressing, loosening the soil, shelter for the winter and pruning, depending on the timing of flowering. But their bright large leaves and the beauty of flowering pays for all efforts.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera) Is also a great landscaping option. True, these plants look better not on arbors, but on pergolas (but can also be used as a universal landscaper). Numerous types of honeysuckle allow you to choose between vines with a height of 5 m or more compact species. Classic choice for pergolas and pergolas:
- honeysuckle honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) with attractive leaves and pink flowers;
- climbing honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum) with its classic beauty of dark leaves in a dense crown and delicate numerous flowers;
- brown honeysuckle (Lonicera brownii) with red-orange tubular flowers collected in clusters resembling fuchsia, etc.
The main advantage of all honeysuckles is that they do not require special care, are hardy, bloom abundantly and unusually, delight the eye with fruits (albeit not always edible), and the nose with evening aroma.
Campsis (Campsis) Is a comparative novice and representative of the original modern vines, deserved popularity which came only recently. He is not afraid of even heavily polluted air, hardy, unpretentious, effective, and the only drawback of this liana is actually the need for shelter for the winter. Complex-cirrus leaves of an unusual shade of dark green color create a spectacular patterned lace, against which numerous tubular bells of red, orange, and yellow flowers seem to be a flame. Campsises look best on a pergola.
One of the most original plants by type of flowering - Kirkazon, or aristolochia (Aristolochia) This curly vine with dense and dense, large, heart-shaped, cold-green foliage with emerald tint conquers with original flowers. Aristolochia looks great on pergolas and arbors, being one of the best “alternative” creepers for decorating the garden in a modern style.
The best decorative foliage creepers for pergolas and pergolas
The most versatile curly helper (and universal both in aesthetics, in style expressiveness, and in ease of growing) - ivy (Hedera) This plant does not need an introduction. Flexible, capable of rooting in the soil shoots are ready to rise to any height, creating a dense and lightweight canopy of luxurious glossy leaves. The ivy cover looks both classic and elegant at the same time. The pattern, the amazing attractiveness of the leaves, the ability to choose variegated varieties, the change of autumn color with a light purple and copper coating, the preservation of greenery for the winter and endurance makes ivy a plant indispensable in the decoration of arbors and pergolas.
Moreover, in regions with harsh winters there are no evergreen alternatives to ivy. It is appropriate in a simple regular style, and in a modern design, and in a rural garden. Shade-tolerant and hygrophilous ivy is easily controlled and even more easily formed, it allows achieving surprisingly expressive effects. And freshness and coolness in the gazebo entwined with ivy will delight you in the midst of summer.
Spectacular girl's grape (Parthenocissus) Is the main competitor of ivy, but it is a plant with much larger dimensions and scope. It’s not by chance that girl’s grapes are so popular in urban gardening: they really can “stretch” up to 20 m in length. And even though they often call him an aggressor, in fact it is easy to direct and control. Fast growth, endurance, durability, almost complete lack of care - these are the main advantages of this plant.
Luxurious glossy foliage, consisting of three or five pointed lobes, forms an ornamental crown, gives coolness and creates a surprisingly dense canopy. And in the fall, muted green is replaced by dazzling purple and crimson tones. This is one of the best vines for shading and keeping cool in the gazebo, even in the midst of summer.
For landscaping large massive arbors or pergolas, you can use a plant with a very controversial reputation - wood plier, or red bubble (Celastrus aculeatus), the very name of which is alarming. But a wood plier is dangerous only for woody ones, which it is really capable of strangling with its arms. But the arbor or pergola of its twisting counterclockwise and hook-like formations for clinging to the surface will not hurt. The beauty of the wood pliers cannot but captivate, and if there is no danger that the liana will spread to a neighboring tree and you will control its shoots, feel free to consider using this aggressor as an ornamental plant.
A thick and as if curly-crowned plant with roundish, dense, up to 10 cm long glossy bright leaves forms a wonderfully elegant canopy. Saturated green color by autumn changes to gold-orange and catchy. But greenish flowers in early summer, on the contrary, are almost invisible. In autumn, brightly colored fiery fruits shine against the background of yellowing foliage, decorating the garden, and in winter, bright red seeds with long legs, waking up from seed boxes, add expression to the snow cover.
This liana is capable of climbing to a height of up to 8 m, and there is a dwarf form with shoot lengths of only 5 m and with smaller leaves. The wood pliers do not need shelter for the winter (they only mulch the soil for the first winter), they are easily controlled by February pruning and thinning of the crown, they need only a few waterings per season and one single early feeding.
Highlanders - creepers are very unusual both in texture of greenery and in character. Despite freezing above the snow line, by summer they usually completely braid a pergola or pergola and allow you to admire the luxurious crown pattern. These plants suffered a lot from the inconsistency of scientists who changed their classification so often that they completely confused all gardeners. Absolute favorite for the middle band - Highland Aubert - today is considered a clan phaloppy and his “right” botanical name sounds Fallopia aubertiialthough for many years it has been classified as Polygonum aubertii.
Its ovoid leaves up to 9 cm long with a wavy edge change the “young” reddish color to bright green, create a sense of ornamentality and emphasize the beauty of the long lashes of shoots, which in the middle of summer cover the whitish flowers collected in the final inflorescences with a continuous carpet. Another less hardy vine was retrained for the fallopia - Highlander Baljuan (Fallopia baldschuanica) It has larger, broadly oval leaves with a pointed tip painted in a bluish-light tone, and May-June flowers with a lilac color are less numerous, but sometimes they reappear in early autumn.
Actinidia is also considered a decorative-deciduous crop, although, strictly speaking, it is a fruit vine. Actinidia colomictus (Actinidia kolomikta) feels great in shading, can even be used to decorate the gazebo in the shade of a large tree. Not limited to a ten-meter height, actinidia attracts with large matte bright green leaves with an unusual hue and purple edge and uneven purple, pink and white spots. The color of the leaves changes during flowering, when the classic green is literally painted with acrylic white and then pink spots. Fragrant, not too catchy flowers give way to tasty and attractive berries.
Temporary helpers - annual curly vines for quick design
Perennial creepers are the main, but not the only option for decorating arbors and pergolas. If you have not decided on the concept yet, you want to see in practice how the structure will look with the plant, you still haven't completed the construction work, or you just don't have time for full landscaping, then you can use the fastest decoration method - annual vines. Although they are only for one season, they will arrange an unforgettable show. You can use annual vines for another purpose:
- enhance the beauty of the main vine;
- decorate the gazebo before the main plants reach decorativeness and grow;
- add colors or novelties to the design;
- stretch the flowering period, etc.
The best annual climbing vines for landscaping pergolas and arbors include:
- sweet pea;
- kvamoklit lobed;
- morning glory;
- decorative beans;
- decorative pumpkins, etc.