10 most unpretentious perennial flowers
A beautiful garden blooming throughout the season cannot be imagined without perennials. These flowers do not require such attention as annuals, are frost-resistant, and only occasionally need a little shelter for the winter. Different types of perennials do not bloom at the same time, and the duration of their flowering can vary from one week to 1.5–2 months. In this article, we suggest recalling the most unpretentious perennial flowers. After all, they are not only beautiful, but almost do not require any care from you.
Blue inflorescences brunners (Brunnera) spring bloom among the first, along with tulips and late daffodils. Light, delicate flower stalks appear long before the arrows of young leaves rise from the ground. After flowering, the foliage in some species dries quickly, but the bushes large leaf brunners retain their decorative appearance to the very frosts.
Brunner loves to grow in partial shade, where more moisture lingers and there is enough food for its lush foliage. But otherwise it is unpretentious - it grows well both on forest soils and loams, can withstand 30-degree frosts and tolerates short-term drought. With a lack of moisture, the leaves of the brunners droop and lose their decorativeness, so you need to monitor the condition of the soil under its bushes.
Plants grow well and can feel good in one place for many years. But over time, the bushes thicken, so it is recommended to divide them periodically. In the Brunner flower garden, it is best combined with aquilegia, dicenter, Siberian irises, doronicum and primrose.
Read more about growing Brunners in the article Brunner - Caucasian forget-me-not!
In May, when the season of spring primroses ends, the flower beds come to the fore aquilegia (Aquilegia) This flower is sometimes called "eagles", and often "catchment", for its ability to collect moisture on the surface of the leaves.
Beautiful aquilegia bells with simple or double petals differ in a very original form, with their characteristic spurs. They can be painted in a variety of colors - white, blue, purple, burgundy, yellow, golden-orange, they are also two-tone.
Aquilegia is considered one of the most unpretentious perennials. She feels equally well in the sun and in the shade, can adapt to any soil and conditions. A plant grown from a randomly thrown seed will grow between concrete slabs even without watering.
Lush bushes of the catchment with beautiful delicate leaves on thin stalks look very decorative even after flowering. These flowers are suitable for group plantings, and they can also be placed in the background of flower beds or on an alpine hill.
Read more about cultivating aquilegia in the article Shy Aquilegia.
3. Perennial asters
There are over 500 species of perennial asters (Aster), which differ among themselves in terms of flowering. In the spring in the gardens you can see Astra Anders and alpineblooming in summer Astra Fricara, italian and clear-leaved. But the most popular among gardeners are autumn asters, which we often call september or october.
Dense branched bushes, strewn with numerous small flowers, stand out clearly against the backdrop of an autumn garden. And even after the first frosts, asters continue to bloom, although not as abundantly as at the beginning. Of the late flowering species, the most famous New England Asters, New Belgian, heather and shrubby.
Perennial asters prefer the sun or partial shade, grow well on light, humus-rich soils and do not tolerate stagnation of water. If the place is chosen correctly, the bushes begin to grow rapidly, so they need to be transplanted every 3-4 years.
Compact undersized varieties of asters are suitable for flower borders and alpine hills. Bushes of medium height look interesting in company with cereals or low conifers. Well, tall asters, of course, are best planted in the background of a flower garden or used as a screen covering an unsightly fence or wall.
Read more about growing Italian asters in the article Italian asters - varieties, care, use in garden design.
These flowers are often called “cockerels” or “killer whales”, and they are so familiar to the eyes that they seem like natives of the garden. Irises (Iris) really belong to the old-timers, because they were introduced into the culture more than 2 millennia ago. Over such a long time, many varieties and hybrid forms have appeared that are strikingly different from their wild relatives. Modern varieties of irises are magnificent, they do not cease to amaze with the play of colors, grace and beauty of lines.
Most irises are rhizome plants, but there are species that breed onions. All of them are quite unpretentious, easily tolerate both frosty winters and long periods of summer drought. These flowers love the sun, but can grow in partial shade, especially in the southern regions.
Almost all irises prefer loose nutrient soil, but do not tolerate stagnation of water. They are recommended to be planted on an elevation, and the rhizome should not be too deep. And only iris swamp grows well in moist soil, so it is most often planted near ponds. All types of irises do not respond well to organic dressing, so it is better to fertilize them with ash or mineral fertilizers with a minimum nitrogen content.
Irises feel great in any company. They can be used both in single plantings and as part of various flower beds. Bright petals of irises attract everyone's attention during the flowering period, and their xiphoid leaves retain decorativeness throughout the season and complement floral arrangements.
Read more about varieties of irises in the article Irises in the Garden - Classification and Use in Design.
By the beauty of flowers peony (Paeonia) takes one of the first places among perennials. Its lush buds bloom in May – June and delight with its splendor and aroma for about 2 weeks. But if you select varieties with different flowering periods, then you can admire them for almost two months. However, the peony bushes look luxurious even without flowers, and by the fall they acquire a pleasant bronze or chestnut hue.
These flowers can grow in one place for a very long time, and the old bushes almost do not need watering. The main thing is that you need to choose the right place for landing. Peony loves the sun, can grow in partial shade, but in very shaded areas of flowering, you can not wait. Plants grow well on light, well-drained soils seasoned with mineral fertilizers and compost.
Peonies in the garden look good in the form of single bushes. They can also be planted in rows near the tracks or in the background of the flower garden. These flowers well adjoin to a physiostegia, daylilies and high inflorescences of a decorative onion. Between the bushes, you can place early spring bulbs - muscari, tulips, daffodils, crocuses.
Read more about growing peonies in the article Features of growing grassy peonies.
6. Chamomile garden
Leucanthemum (Leucanthemum), or Garden Chamomile - A favorite flower of Russian gardeners. They appreciate it for the gentle beauty and grace of inflorescences, as well as for plentiful and long flowering. In nature, there are more than 30 species of this plant. Most often in the gardens you can find daisy, and magnificent nyvyanik magnificent with large inflorescences reaching a diameter of up to 8 cm.
No less decorative the largest leucanthem, which is characterized by long flowering - from July until the frosts. Based on these species, breeders have created many interesting varieties with simple and double flowers. Among them are stunted (up to 30 cm), mid-growth (60-70 cm), and some reach a height of up to 1 m.
It is not difficult to grow chamomile; it propagates by seeds and division of the bush. Plants can be at one place without transplanting for at least 5 years, they are not demanding on the soil, and respond well to fertilizers. Chamomiles easily tolerate drought and withstand even the most severe frosts.
Plants can be planted separately or in groups, included in mixborders and various garden compositions. Low-grade varieties of a nyvnyak are best suited for border plantings.
Very similar to chamomile. echinacea (Echinacea), which appeared with us recently, in the 80s of the last century. About 10 different species grow in the flower’s homeland, North America. But most often in the gardens you can find echinacea purpureaknown for its healing properties.
Currently, there are many cultivars of Echinacea with simple and double, multi-tiered flowers, the shades of which vary from pure white to chestnut. In height, plants can reach up to 120-150 cm, but there are also medium-sized varieties whose height does not exceed 60-70 cm.
Echinacea can be considered a hassle-free flower, because it is not afraid of rain, wind and frost, is not affected by disease, is undemanding to soil and almost does not need fertilizers. This flower feels bad only on poor sandy soils. New plants can be easily grown from seeds, but hybrid forms are best propagated by basal cuttings or division of the rhizome.
Echinacea looks best when planted in small groups, but it is also good in the mixborder. Medium-sized varieties can be used for borders or planted in the foreground of a flower garden.
Read more about growing echinacea in the article Medicinal Echinacea.
Florists who grow in their gardens lupine (Lupinus), love him for the bright beauty and unpretentiousness. Luxurious racemose lupine inflorescences can be painted in different colors - from white to purple and rich red. Their flowering lasts almost a month, and sometimes again at the end of summer. Bright green palmate leaves on long stalks look very decorative throughout the season.
Lupine is undemanding to the soil, can grow in any garden areas, but with increased acidity, the soil must be liming every few years. Plants feel good both in the sun and in partial shade. With good care, lupins grow by a powerful bush, sometimes flower stalks can reach a height of up to 1.5 m.
Landscape designers willingly include lupins in their floral arrangements. It looks good both in single landings and in the background of mixborders. In the flower garden, lupine can be adjacent to hosts, daylilies, irises, delphinium, poppies and astilbe.
A real find for beginner gardeners is rudbeckia (Rudbeckia) It belongs to those cultures that you can plant and forget. Plant care is simple: weed removal, pruning of faded inflorescences, watering in dry periods. These flowers prefer sunny places, but are undemanding to the soil, can grow on soils of any type.
There are about 40 species of rudbeckia, among them there are both annual and perennial plants. Modern varieties delight in their color scheme - from pale lemon to different shades of brown. The core of inflorescences is most often colored in dark colors. The flowering of rudbeckia begins in July and lasts until the very frost.
Rudbeckia is ideal for a garden in a natural style. It goes well with monarda, panicled phlox, echinacea, asters, and lyatris. In the company of cereals, Rudbeckia acts as a soloist, clearly standing out against the background of openwork panicles and spikelets. Some varieties of rudbeckia can reach up to 1.5 m in height, so they are best planted in the background.
Read more about species diversity and cultivation of rudbeckia in the material Rudbeckia - Autumn Gold.
One of the most common flower crops is phlox (Phlox). The genus includes about 40 different species, but in our gardens you can often find panic phlox, subulate, widespread and Drummond Phlox. The first three species, which relate to perennials, tolerate winter cold well, are characterized by abundant and prolonged flowering.
Low-growing phlox species bloom in May – June, when primroses have already departed, and summers are still gaining strength. They form large bright glades and are best suited for the design of alpine slides, borders, rabatok.
At the end of June, panicle panic rush to replace low-growing phlox. Their lush bushes with large inflorescences of all kinds of shades - from white to dark purple - bloom all summer, and sometimes in early autumn.
These flowers develop better on loose and fertile soils, subject to sufficient moisture. If top dressing is carried out regularly, phlox bloom very magnificent and bright. They can be planted in open areas or where there is a small shadow. On hot summer days, under the protection of trees, plants suffer less from drying out the soil.
Read more about choosing a place in the garden for phloxes in the article Phloxes - the right choice of place and subtlety of planting.
Phlox care consists of weed removal, periodic watering and top dressing. If necessary, the bushes are treated from pests and diseases.