In the wild, Eleutherococcus sedentiflora grows in the Far East - in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories, the Amur Region southeast of the Bureya River, China and Korea. It occurs singly or in small groups along wooded riverbanks, fringes of riverine forest areas, forest fringes, in elevated places among marshy taiga.
Eleutherococcus sitting (Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus) Is a species of plants from the genus Eleutherococcus of the Aralian family. Previously, this species was attributed to the genus Akantopanaks and it was called Akantopanaks sitting-flowered (Acanthopanax sessiliflorus) The obsolete name acantopanax comes from the Greek "akantha" - spiny and "panax" - strong healing roots; it means "prickly healer."
Description of Eleutherococcus sitting
Eleutherococcus is a sitting-flowered - deciduous, less often - an evergreen shrub or tree.
Eleutherococcus sedentate can reach a height of up to 3-4 m. The flowers are almost sessile, dark purple in color, in dense spherical heads 1-3 cm in diameter, which are collected 2-6 in umbellate or racemose inflorescences at the ends of shoots. Fruits are ellipsoidal or ovoid drupes, black, with two seeds. The leaves are palmate, on thin petioles, without stipules, sometimes crowded on short shoots.
The use of sitting flowering eleutherococcus in medicine
For therapeutic purposes, the roots of Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering are most often used, which are harvested in the fall, starting in the second half of September. They are dug up, shaken off the ground, washed in running water and dried in the open air. Then it is cleaned of rotten parts and dried in dryers at a temperature of 70-80 ° C or in attics with good ventilation.
The roots of the sitting flowering eleutherococcus contain carbohydrates (starch, gum), essential oil (0.2%), triterpenoids, sterols, alkaloids, lignans, coumarins, higher fatty acids (palmitic, linoleic, linolenic).
The stimulating effect of preparations from the leaves of Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering and its bark was revealed. The leaves of Eleutherococcus sessileflower contains a small amount of alkaloids, triterpenoids. There are many glycosides and saponins in all parts of the plant; the latter are absent only in the fruits.
Essential oils of Eleutherococcus sessileum in small amounts are found in fruits (0.5%), leaves (0.28%), stems (0.26%) and, finally, in the roots (0.28%).
Studies of the influence of the preparations of Eleutherococcus sessifolia on healthy people have shown that there is an increase in mental performance, an increase in the amount of work done, as well as an increase in the physical performance of healthy people.
Useful properties of Eleutherococcus sitting
The roots of sitting flowering eleutherococcus are used in Chinese and Korean medicine as a tonic and stimulant, in particular for impotence. Preparations from its roots increase the physical and mental performance of a person, have an adaptogenic effect. According to the main types of effects on the body, the preparations of Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering are similar to the preparations that are obtained from aralia plants.
Liquid root extract and the amount of their glycosides have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. When applying Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering, the body's resistance increases. In the Far East, Eleutherococcus sessileflower is used as a tonic and stimulant, used instead of ginseng.
The roots are widely used in Chinese and Korean medicine for impotence. The liquid extract in the experiments exhibits a central stimulating effect, increases the physical endurance of animals and humans, activates the central nervous system. The leaves of Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering exhibit anabolic effect. In the experiments, the stimulating effect of drugs from the leaves of Eleutherococcus of the sitting flowering and its bark was revealed. In traditional medicine in the countries of Southeast Asia, preparations of Eleutherococcus sessifolia are used for colds, arthritis, and, again, as a general tonic.
Cultivation and reproduction of Eleutherococcus sitting
Eleutherococcus propagates by sitting flowering seeds, which germinate without stratification in 1-2 years. Stratification of seeds can be carried out in the refrigerator by placing them there for 1.5-2 months in wet sand. It can be propagated by cuttings and root offspring.
Prefers sufficiently moist, permeable, nutritious soil. Shade-tolerant, but achieves better development with sufficient lighting. Winter-hardy, withstands winters with frosts down to -40 ° C
Good honey plant. Eleutherococcus sitting-flowered is decorated with its original leaves. It is recommended for group and single plantings, as an undergrowth in forest parks and parks, for live uncuttable hedges, sometimes for creating impenetrable hedges. It is believed that he has been in culture since 1800.