Room Hofmania - beautiful and moody
Among the usual indoor cultures, goffmania stands out especially and immediately. But not only because this plant is very rare and seems outlandish. Being one of the most capricious and demanding indoor plants, hoffmania even from afar amazes the imagination with its, as if drawn under a ruler, patterns on corrugated leaves. This is one of the most graphic plants, evoking associations with abstract art and modern design. Bright, textured, patterned, goffmania in many respects remains a mystery. But the riddle is so beautiful that giving up the pleasure of admiring its luxurious leaves is quite difficult.
- What does indoor hoffmania look like?
- Types of indoor gofmanii
- Conditions for growing indoor gofmanii
- Care for gofmania at home
- Diseases, pests and growing problems
- Propagation of indoor gofmanii
What does indoor hoffmania look like?
Hoffmania - shrubs and herbaceous perennials with a fairly short history of cultivation in Europe. They appeared in culture only in the nineteenth century, survived a period of increased demand, but did not become full-fledged stars of private greenhouses. Hoffmania today, despite the fashion for unusual plants and tropical exotics, continues to be a plant not for everyone.
Hoffmannia got its name in honor of the outstanding German botanist, who earned fame for his work at Moscow University - G. Hoffmann.
Charming gofmanias represent the Marenov family, which is not so widely presented in the assortment of indoor plants. This plant is found mainly in South America, although some species of hoffmania can be found in Mexico and on tropical islands.
Gofmania (Hoffmannia) - amazing undersized, large-leaved shrubs with powerful (prone to lodging), quite branching shoots. They are even in the natural environment, under the canopy of a tropical rainforest, limited to a maximum height of 1 m.
But the small size does not prevent gofmanii grow in breadth, creating stunningly beautiful thickets. There are varieties that form more compact bushes and the so-called rosette - producing a large number of daughter plants - cultivars. Both wild and cultured gofmanias only have riveted attention on their leaves.
Large, growing to a length of 30 cm with a width of only 10 cm, the obovate leaves of hoffmania seem to be perfect in shape. They are fleshy, wrinkled, somewhat reminiscent of succulents. A smooth edge and a symmetrical pattern of veins only benefit from the size and contours of the sheet. Olive green, the base color of leaf plates with light veins in mature leaves is replaced by an emerald and dark tone, moreover, on young leaves, smooth transitions of white, pink and purple tones are also surprising.
This watercolor, noble fading of colors shake even more thanks to the combination with a velvet surface texture. The greens of hoffmania do not just look like luxurious fabrics - they even seem like luxurious velvet to the touch. Velvety is not typical for young leaves, it manifests itself gradually, along with true color. When you change the lighting of different intensities, the leaves may be more glossy or more matte.
The back purple side with a bronze tint only emphasizes the unusual velvety leaves. This is one of the most noble plants in texture, an authentic indoor aristocrat. But goffmania is famous not only for its leaf texture, but also for its pattern. The central thick light vein is combined with absolutely symmetrical, “skeletal” side veins, giving the plant an unusual geometric intricacy.
Hoffmannia bloom is not ordinary-looking, but against the background of attractive leaves it is perceived only as an additional bonus. In addition, indoor hoffmania rarely bloom. Small, up to 2 cm in length, tubular beige-pink flowers are collected in bunches of inflorescences. The most interesting thing in flowering is the arrangement of flowers. They bloom in the axils of the leaves, actually on the trunk, are hardly noticeable, but as soon as you look closely at them, new and interesting details are revealed.
Types of indoor gofmanii
The genus Hoffmannia (Hoffmannia) unites almost a hundred independent species of South American undersized shrubs and perennials. But as cultivated plants, even in countries with a mild climate, only three varieties of hoffmania are used. Of these, a single plant was widely used in room culture.
Gofmania Gisbrecht (Hoffmannia ghisbreghtii) – the most spectacular, catchy and brightest view of the whole genus. Large thirty-centimeter leaves with interesting veins and the flip reddish side conquer with their velvety. This gofmaniya has many interesting varieties. Along with the usual green-leaved, there are variegated and dark-leaved specimens. The variegate, the variegated form, is especially fond of the decorative forms of this type of goffmania.
Very rarely you can find on sale another type of gofmanii - gofmania brilliant (Hoffmannia refulgens). It is distinguished by strong shoots, glossy leaves, a more intense red tint of the color of the back of leaves and flowers.
Conditions for growing indoor gofmanii
All the difficulty in growing gofmania and creating for her in rooms such conditions in which she would not lose decorativeness, is directly related to its tropical character and origin. This is a non-adaptive, requiring a certain environment, moisture-loving and heat-loving plant. Neither the requirements for a constant temperature during periods of active vegetation and wintering, nor the love of this plant for special lighting can be ignored in the selection of conditions for gofmania.
The easiest way to grow tropicana hoffmania in indoor greenhouses and flower showcases, in large florariums or their analogues. The plant is great for the greenhouse and conservatory. The conditions in the living rooms differ from the plants usual for this plant, but with careful care they can be compensated by achieving almost the same results from this shrub as when grown in a display case.
Lighting and placement
Hoffmania naturally grows in tropical forests and the natural light for them is quite subdued. The shade tolerance of goffmania is a pleasant surprise for anyone who decides to grow this plant. For him, only diffused light or partial shade is suitable; gofmania does not like direct sunlight. Variegated varieties have lower tolerance for shading.
Lighting for this plant should be stable throughout the year. In winter, hoffmania is placed on the windowsill, compensating for seasonal changes.
Unlike many other tropical cultures, gofmania feels great in the interior. The perfect velvety of its leaves looks better in solo parts. The plant should not be placed next to other cultures, because the brightest decorative and deciduous stars turn pale against its background. Only in flower shop windows or with other tropical plants does gofmania look like equal.
Due to its growth form, in winter gardens, gofmania can be combined in large containers with other plants with a similar character. Hoffmania looks great in those places where the plant is located below the line of sight: it is better to place it in the rooms so that you can look at the leaves from above.
Temperature and ventilation
Hoffmania are extremely demanding on stable and high air temperatures. They are so thermophilic that even cooling to + 18 ° C can become a significant stress for plants. And a drop in air temperature to + 16 ° C does significantly affect the health and attractiveness of this plant.
These crops must be protected from drafts and any sharp drop in growing conditions, including temperature differences.
Care for gofmania at home
Hoffmania is not accidentally ranked among the most capricious indoor plants. She does not forgive mistakes, especially in watering, and quickly loses attractiveness. The slightest mistakes in care turn into her stretching, dropping leaves or a violation of their development; and on such large leaves as hoffmannia, even a dry tip is too striking.
Hoffmania is a culture for experienced flower growers who are ready to satisfy all the whims of such a difficult Tropicana. And also for those who like unusual plants with a difficult character.
Watering and humidity
Regular and fairly plentiful watering for gofmania is a must. This plant does not tolerate the complete drying of an earthen coma, but does not tolerate dampness either. Misses in irrigations for gofmanii result in considerable consequences, so you need to control the condition of the substrate. Watering is carried out after drying of the top soil layer.
It is difficult to name another plant that would not tolerate dry air. Hoffmania are sensitive to fluctuations in humidity, the operation of air conditioners, not to mention heating appliances. Humidity should be as high as possible. Indicators of 75-80% are ideal. There are several ways to increase air humidity:
- Partially compensate for dry air by regular, systemic spraying.
- Set the plant on a pallet filled with wet pebbles or expanded clay.
- To grow gofmania in double containers, setting the pot in which the plant is planted in a container filled with wet expanded clay.
- Install humidifiers.
- Place room fountains or an aquarium near gofmania.
In spraying for gofmanii there are many secrets. This culture requires the use of filtered or boiled water. Its temperature should be 5-6 degrees higher than the air temperature. Only a fine spray can be used for velvet leaves.
Hoffmania leaf contamination is a big problem. The plant must be protected from any dust and household pollution, protected when cleaning rooms, to prevent the ingress of hard water. It is almost impossible to clean the surface of velvet leaves of goffmania: the fine texture of the surface literally absorbs any dirt and deposits, and neither washing nor any other methods will help here, but will only lead to the loss of the sheet from which they are trying to remove dirt. Dust is gently brushed off the leaves with a soft brush.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
As for most plants, for gofmaniya feeding will be needed only during the period of its active growth. Gofmanii feed from May to September. The optimal frequency of top dressing is once every 2 weeks. Hoffmannia is prone to root burns, top dressing for it must be done carefully, only in liquid form and only after heavy watering.
Hoffmannia prefer not mineral, but organic fertilizers. Hoffmannia can be fed with a simple mullein solution. Of the purchased fertilizers, preference should be given to universal mineral-organic preparations. Fertilizer dosage is halved compared to the manufacturer's recommendations.
Trimming and rejuvenating home gofmanii
The disadvantages of this culture include its tendency to drop lower leaves and lose decorativeness over time. Exposure of shoots is especially pronounced in the winter with poor lighting or in the case of low humidity.
Pruning at hoffmania is carried out only when the plant loses its compactness and attractiveness. In fact, it all comes down to rejuvenation: elongated, bare shoots cut low, leaving only small stumps. The plant will restore decorativeness as soon as young shoots grow.
To stimulate thickening and get thicker bushes, you can pinch the tops of young twigs.
Transplant and substrate for gofmanii
This plant is transplanted only when the need arises - as the substrate is developed by the roots. And before that, the topsoil is replaced annually for the plant. Hoffmania is transplanted in late winter or early spring. Capacities (diameter) are increased by 5 cm compared to the previous ones.
For this tropicana you need to choose a high-quality, loose and light in texture, loose and slightly acidic substrate. Hoffmania is best planted in purchased substrates with controlled characteristics. If the soil is mixed independently, then it is better to combine peat, leafy soil and sand in equal parts with a small proportion of compost or humus.
In the process of transplantation, it is worth trying to maintain an earthen lump and not expose the roots. At the bottom of the containers must lay a high layer of drainage. After transplanting and abundant watering, the plant should be kept in shade and in greenhouse conditions (under a cap or in a flower window).
Diseases, pests and growing problems
Any problems with gofmanii are caused by improper care. Under optimal conditions and with quality care, pests are very rare. This plant is capricious, painfully responsive to improper care and dry air. Scales, felt and aphids are the most dangerous enemies of the plant. It is better to fight insect pests right away with insecticide treatment.
Fungal diseases cause no less problems. Any waterlogging, severe leaf contamination, inaccurate watering can result in the spread of rot. If signs of decay appear, you need to adjust the watering and start using fungicides.
Common growing problems:
- loss of leaf elasticity with too much watering;
- drying of the tips of the leaves in dry air or with differences in soil moisture;
- wilting due to improper watering or the spread of pests.
Propagation of indoor gofmanii
New plant bushes can only be obtained by vegetative methods.
The easiest way to grow hoffmania is to separate adult plants. When transplanting, the following options are possible:
- to divide the densely branching, actively producing daughter plants variety into parts with 2–3 growth points;
- to separate the rooted lying shoots along the perimeter of the bush from the mother plant and plant them in separate small containers.
Separate gofmanii carefully, trying to do as little damage to the roots as possible. After planting, the plant is kept at elevated temperatures and at very high humidity (before growth). Bright lighting during the adaptation phase can be disastrous.
You can propagate gofmanii and cuttings. To do this, use the tops of shoots or twigs remaining after trimming. Root cuttings need to be in a very light substrate under the hood. A prerequisite for successful rooting is bottom heating and high humidity. The temperature should not fall below + 21 ° C, and the lighting should remain not intense (partial shade is perfect).
It is possible that gofmania is already growing in your house, or you are just planning to settle it at home. Share your experience of growing this capricious tropicanka with the readers of “Botanichki” in the comments to the article or on our Forum.