Winter cuttings of physalis
Physalis is a plant that is loved for decorative "lanterns", original seed boxes no less than for the taste of its fruits. This vegetable plant is one of the most unusual in every garden. Physalis is traditionally grown in open ground, but some types of this vegetable crop can successfully settle in containers and decorate interiors and greenhouses. If garden physalis are propagated in the summer, and plants obtained from cuttings will be given birth only for the next season, then potted cuttings can be cut in January and by September already enjoy the new crop.
This method of cuttings can be used for garden plants, specially transferring them to the pots for the winter to obtain offspring. In pots, the physalis of Peruvian feels most comfortable, one of the best berry species, which grows well in greenhouses and living rooms and gives in a limited area of containers an abundant crop of sweet grapes with a berry flavor. But other types of physalis, in particular Mexican vegetable and ornamental Franche, can also be cultivated in closed soil.
Caring for potted physalis is not at all difficult. He will need an air temperature in the range of 15 to 20 ° C, infrequent, supporting only light soil moisture and good lighting. These plants in pot culture are not capricious and, thanks to the decorative shells of the fruit, look like an outlandish decoration of rooms.
Greenhouse and indoor physalis, in particular Peruvian breed very easily. In order to get quickly new fruiting plants, it is not at all necessary to collect the seeds of ripe fruits and grow plants by the seedling method. Indeed, in a much shorter time frame, the crop can be harvested from plants obtained by vegetative propagation, by means of cuttings.
Cuttings of the apical type with physalis in a pot culture are cut in January. For this method of reproduction, only lateral shoots that develop in the axils of the leaves can be used. The length of the handle should be about 10 cm. Cutting material for rooting is very important with a sharp pruner or knife, trying to minimize tissue damage and making oblique sections at an angle of approximately 45 ° C.
Sliced cuttings do not need any additional processing, although, as with any other cuttings, immersion in a solution of a growth stimulator will only increase the survival rate. In order to root such cuttings, it is enough to stick them to a depth of 2-3 cm in nutrient soil. For this method of propagation of physalis, any substrate with a sufficient humus content is suitable.
Caring for rooted cuttings actually comes down to constantly maintaining light soil moisture. Covering the cuttings with caps or a film for physalis is not necessary (although this can accelerate the process of root formation). After rooting, young plants continue to be looked after as seedlings, introducing top dressing only 1 month after the start of active growth. The resulting plants are not only suitable for pots: they can be transferred to the soil in a greenhouse or open soil under a film in mid-May.
The traditional fruiting period for the physalis obtained by the January cuttings is September of the current year. This method will allow you to get a crop that is not inferior in abundance to old bushes.
Much earlier, actually a year ahead of the traditional method, fruiting makes the January cuttings method promising for garden plants. Garden plants can also be stored for winter purposes for cuttings, which are enough in the middle of autumn after harvesting to dig out and transfer to pots, and with the advent of cold weather bring into a room with suitable conditions. Only one or two bushes will allow you to get a huge number of young seedlings.