Brunfelsia - a variable flower with a witching smell
This flower starts to smell suddenly: immediately after sunset, the air is saturated with its sweet aroma. A delightful smell is heard from afar and as you approach the flower fills your entire being.
Brunfelsia is still rare for us, and in the New World it is extremely popular. This magnificent houseplant stands out among others not only with fragrant and spectacular flowers. Unlike other tropical plants, which require bright lighting for flowering, it perfectly develops in the shade. Brunfelsia bloom either year-round or in winter.
At home, in South America, Brunfelsia is a beautiful little tree that will be a compact bush on your windowsill. In nature, under favorable conditions, a plant can reach a height of several meters. She has many names, the most common is manaka. So, according to legend, the name was the most beautiful girl of the Brazilian Tupi tribe, and Brunfelsia was her favorite flower. They say that Manaka was the first to make a potion from him from unhappy love.
Like many plants in the nightshade family, after a certain heat treatment, brunfelsia can be used as a psychotropic agent. Therefore, shamans considered it sacred and used in magical rituals.
In the 70-90 years of the XX century, scientists proved that the stems, leaves and roots of the plant contain a large number of active components that perfectly stimulate the lymphatic system, have analgesic, antipyretic, antibacterial and anticonvulsant effects, perfectly cleanse the liver. But Brunfelsia manaka is just one of more than forty species of this plant. Any of Brunfelsia will live at home for many years, admiring both beauty and aroma.
This plant is ideal for home living conditions. Even if the sun does not fall into your room at all, it will still bloom, although the less light, the less intense and aromatic the flowering will be. Therefore, scattered light should be sufficient. The plant can easily survive the bright light, but under the scorching sun the leaves begin to turn pale, cringe and sometimes turn yellow.
Watering is necessary regularly, however, make sure that excess moisture does not accumulate in the pan, especially in the cold season. Water can be acidified - Brunfelsia likes acidic soils. Top dressing is required frequent and plentiful, with a high nitrogen content. Fertilizer must be applied every half month throughout the year. At the first signs of imbalance in the soil, signs of chlorosis appear immediately in brunfelsia.
At the end of flowering, it is desirable to prune the plant. Without this, branches can become bare over time and the flower will take on an unappealing appearance. But after pruning, the bush becomes fluffy, gives numerous shoots with healthy dense foliage, and soon again becomes covered with flowers.
In the summer, it is advisable to place the pot with brunfelsia on the balcony or in the country house, while it is especially necessary to carefully monitor the air temperature. If it drops below +15 ° C, flowering can not wait.
The plant may be affected by aphids, mealybugs and whiteflies, and when kept in the garden, may be attacked by snails. These pests must be dealt with in traditional ways.
And remember, all parts of Brunfelsia, especially fruits and seeds, are very poisonous.