How to water an orchid at home?
Growing an orchid at home is not only time-consuming, but also requires certain knowledge. This exotic flower needs full and competent care, then it will delight the eye with its lush growth and colorful flowering. Adequate lighting, top dressing, and temperature conditions have a certain significance in caring for a plant, but the main thing you need to know is how to water an orchid at home.
How to water an orchid?
Watering an orchid grown at home is necessary after the soil in the pot dries. The intensity of watering a flower depends on many factors: temperature and humidity in the room, lighting, size of the container in which the plant is planted, and many others.
In nature, the orchid feeds on rainwater, so for irrigation it is necessary to take the fluid as close as possible to it in composition: warm and soft. Water hardness can be reduced by using oxalic acid, which can be bought at a flower shop. The solution should be diluted a day before watering - pour half a teaspoon of acid into 2.5 liters of water. Before watering, carefully drain the water (solution) so that the residue remains at the bottom, or filter.
Water can be slightly acidified using horse peat: a bag with it should be lowered into the water for several hours. The optimum water temperature for watering the flower should be 30-35 degrees.
How often to water an orchid?
The frequency of watering home orchids is set by the environment, which affects the drying rate of the substrate. You can determine the need for watering by analyzing the following symptoms:
- If there are droplets of condensate on the walls of the pot, then the plant should not be watered yet, if the walls are dry, the plant should be watered.
- When the color of the roots is bright green, it means that there is enough moisture, and if they are brightened, watering is necessary.
- Raising a flower pot and feeling its heaviness, you can not worry about watering, but if the pot is light - it's time to water.
- In an opaque pot, the presence of moisture in the soil is determined by the degree to which the sticks are immersed in it.
Also watering a flower depends on the type of orchid. For most species of plants, it is considered optimal to water them 1-3 times a week in the summer, and during dormancy - 1-2 times a month. Any irrigation should be carried out in the morning, so that in the evening there is no moisture left in the axils of the leaves.
Watering orchids at home
Water for irrigation should be saturated with oxygen, for which it should be poured several times from one dish to another before this procedure. You can water an orchid in several ways.
Hot shower once a month
One way to water is to shower with a hot shower. This method contributes to the rapid growth of green mass and high-quality flowering. In addition, rinsing the leaves with a regular shower cleanses them of pests and protects them from infection by diseases.
Such a shower is made as follows:
- You should put containers with flowers in the bathtub and watered with a shower head under a small pressure with soft water with a temperature of up to 45 degrees, optimally 38-42 degrees. Previously, half an hour before such a shower, the plant needs to be well watered.
- After a shower, leave the containers in the bathtub for at least 20 minutes, so that the glass is excess liquid.
- After 40 minutes, wipe the young sprouts and leaves of the plant with a dry cloth. The orchids Wanda and Phalaenopsis should be wiped and the core so that it does not begin to rot, otherwise the plant will stop developing.
- How often can I make a hot shower for an orchid? Experts recommend no more than 1 time per month.
In this case, the pot is immersed in the prepared water. Lower the pot slowly so that the dry roots do not push the plant out of the pot and keep it in the water for 40 minutes. Having removed the pot from the water, it must be kept in the air until excess water comes out. Watering by immersion is considered the most economical and quite effective, but it can be done provided that neither the substrate nor the plant itself is affected by any disease.
Watering a watering can
Water with a watering can and with a low pressure water the surface of the flowerpot, without touching the axils of the leaves and growth points. Pouring is necessary until water flows from the holes at the bottom of the pot. Give time to remove excess water and repeat the procedure after a couple of minutes. Excess water that flows into the drip tray should be poured out of it.
This type of irrigation is used for orchids grown in blocks, that is, without the use of a substrate. In this case, the roots dry faster than in pots with soil. It is recommended to water it with a spray gun in the “fog” mode, directing it precisely to the roots until their color changes (turns green). Perform the following procedure as the root system dries.
Having figured out how to water an orchid in a pot, it remains to correctly follow the recommendations and wait for the moment of flowering of these beautiful flowers.
How to water an orchid in certain cases?
Water the presented plant at different periods and in different situations, it should be, impeccably observing the rules developed by nature. Only then will the orchid in time and magnificent begin to bloom and develop.
Watering orchids during flowering
With the beginning of flowering, it is necessary to change the order of watering in order to create natural conditions for the plant. During flowering, seeds are formed - they are very small and volatile in the orchid, so they can fly to a distance of several kilometers. In the rainy season in nature, the seeds can not fly long distances, therefore, when growing a flower at home, it is necessary to water the plant in the manner described below.
Watering requires only the roots of the plant, trying to saturate them with moisture optimally, but not overfill. If there is insufficient humidity in the room, then you can spray the leaves, while trying not to get into the core of the flower. During the flowering period, watering the plant is necessary as the substrate dries several times a week.
How to water an orchid in winter
In the cold season, the orchid does not fall into complete hibernation, so it is necessary to water it in the winter, but much less frequently than during the flowering period. The optimal terms are: once every 10 days or 2 weeks. But it is not necessary to maintain such intervals strictly; the main thing is to monitor the drying of the soil and not to allow it to dry out very much.
An important rule in this case is to allow excess fluid to flow out of the pot so that after placing it on the windowsill, where other plants are usually located, because this is the coolest place in the house, the roots are not cold and are not infected with various diseases. If the flower is supposed to have a warm shower, then it should be done in the evening, and left at night in the bathroom so that rot does not form at the growth point.
Watering orchids after purchase
After acquiring a flower, he needs to go through a small quarantine. It consists in keeping the plant separate from others, protecting it from direct sunlight and eliminating top dressing. It is also required not to water the orchid for 5-7 days in order to identify pests and destroy them in a timely manner. At the end of quarantine, the flower should be gradually accustomed to the light, exposing on the windowsill and gradually watering.
Watering orchids after transplanting
Orchid transplantation is done either immediately after purchase, or in early spring, when the plant emerged from hibernation. You should know that she does not like big pots, because the root system is poorly developed in them. After replanting the plant in a new pot with new soil, it is necessary to water it so that it absorbs moisture as much as possible.
Then the pot should be placed for 20 minutes in a container of warm water, after which let the excess liquid drain and place it in a shaded place. Watering an orchid after a transplant should not be for two weeks, because the plant experienced stress and the presence of moisture for it is more harmful than its absence.
After the orchid undergoes adaptation, it will require perfect care, fertilizing with fertilizers and watering with clean water so that the leaves and stems quickly restore the balance of nutrients. How many times a week you need to water an orchid after a transplant - this issue worries many beginner gardeners. But experienced specialists recommend watering the orchid after transplanting at least 2 to 3 times a week, since the time of transplantation coincides with the summer period, and therefore with the time of flowering.
Watering orchids is a very important part of caring for it. Therefore, when caring for an orchid, you should familiarize yourself with possible errors during watering:
- Overflow. This is the most common mistake of gardeners. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture, since stagnation of water in the pot leads to rotting of the roots. This can be prevented by using high foam drainage - it should be at least 4 cm. Using gravel or expanded clay, there is a risk of infection with the polytail, because it is a favorable environment for it.
- Water entering the sinuses of the leaves. If you water the flower sloppy or do not remove moisture from the leaf sinuses after that, the water will rot the root of the flower’s neck, causing it to die.
- Spraying from a distance of less than 20 cm. If you carry out the procedure from a closer distance, the moisture will evaporate more slowly. Large drops on the flowers that have been there for a long time make them lethargic and faded. And on the leaves, as a result, stains of a dark color remain, which eventually become like dents.
- Poor water. When applying cold, hard or just dirty water, orchid leaves turn yellow quickly and the root system dies.
- You can not spray a plant if it has been exposed to direct sunlight for a long time: there is a risk of leaf burns.
- Winter spraying is also undesirable, because the leaves are cooled and an ideal environment for the development of diseases is formed.
- Using the immersion method, it is necessary to change the water after each pot so as not to infect all the plants, if it turns out that one of them is already affected by a fungus or parasites.
By following these simple recommendations, you can get a healthy and flowering plant, rejoicing with its beauty of the eyes of the owner.
Watering orchids for its various species has small or significant differences. When choosing a flower for yourself, you should pay attention to unpretentious plants in care, so as not to spend a lot of time on this and not to resort to various tricks for proper cultivation. The exact recommendations for watering the selected variety can be obtained from a specialist - florist flower shop.