Verbeynik - bright pheasant
Verbeynik (Lysimachia) - a genus of perennial or biennial herbaceous plants of the family Primrose (Primulaceae).
The Russian name of the genus “loosestrife” is associated with the similarity of the leaves of plants of its species with the leaves of willow. The Russian synonym for loosestrife "Bazhanovets" is derived from the Polish bazant ("pheasant") due to the brightness of the color of the flowers. In the dictionary by V. Dahl, the common loosestrife is called "clogged grass" - probably according to the places of growth.
The etymology of the Latin generic name for the recruiter is curious - Lysimachy (Lysimachia) It is given by the name of Lysimachus (c. 360 BC) - the military commander and bodyguard Alexander of Macedon, later the ruler of Macedonian Thrace. According to Pliny, Lysimachus was the first to find and describe a loosestrife.
The genus includes up to 110 species distributed in the temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere, of which 70 grow in China. In our forests, you can find the loosestrife oak forest (Lysimachia nemorum) - in the west of the European part of Russia; Monetized or meadow tea (Lysimachia nummularia), - in the European part and Ciscaucasia; lily of the valley (Lysimachia clethroides) - in the mountain forests of the Far East. Verbeynik ordinary (Lysimachia vulgaris) is found in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western and Eastern Siberia, Central Asia.
Verbeyniki - erect or creeping herbaceous plants with leafy stems. The leaves are arranged in the next order, opposite or whorled. The flowers are white, pinkish or yellow, collected in spike-like racemose or corymbose inflorescences, sometimes the flowers are single or several in the axils of the leaves.
Shade or partial shade are suitable for most species, Verbeynnik speckled, Verbeynik lily-of-the-valley, Verbeynik monetovy grow especially well there. Monumentous loosestrife grows well in sunny areas, but prefers the shade of trees. Verbeynik magenta requires a well-lit place.
Verbeyniki are not demanding on growing conditions, but on loose, fertile, moist soils grow faster, forming a dense jacket in 2-3 years. Loosestrife speckled, lily of the valley, ciliated prefer a moderately moist zone, but tolerate waterlogging. Monetized in shallow water can crawl along the bottom up to 10 cm deep. Ordinary loosestrife can also be planted in water - up to a depth of 10 cm, and brushweed verbenica is even better to keep in submerged condition at a depth of 10-30 cm
Plants do not need shelter for the winter. During the summer, maintain a constant high soil moisture. In vertically growing loosestrife, flowering parts of the stems are cut off at the end of flowering. In autumn, the stems are cut to the bottom and compost is added to the plants. The stalks of the loosestrife are not touched, but they also sprinkle compost. In one place they grow up to 10 years. Speckled, ciliary, and especially brush-like crawl out, which is dangerous to let go outside the container, it requires an eye and an eye. Coin crawls on the surface of the soil, it is weak and easily controlled.
Verbeynik reproduces by seeds and vegetatively. For better seed germination, post-sowing stratification within 1-2 months is desirable. Flowering occurs for 2-3 years. Vegetatively propagated by division, segments of the rhizome, basal offspring and cuttings. Division and transplantation can be done in early spring, before the appearance of leaves or in early autumn (in September). Verbanea monetifolia is propagated by individual shoots 10-20 cm long, or by already rooted side shoots with a well-developed root system.
Used for group landings. It can close walls and stones, which is why it is planted in large rock gardens. Aurea is also used as an ampel plant for planting in containers.
To design the shore of a reservoir, a loosestrife is a point, ordinary, cage-shaped. Tall loosestrife can be used in shady flower beds, near ponds of various sizes and types. They are especially appropriate near ponds decorated in a natural or landscape style.
They combine well in group mixed plantings under a canopy of trees along with astilbe, bells, Volzhanka, ferns and other shade-like perennials. Variegated and purple-leaf varieties contrast beautifully with foliage of various varieties of hostas, rogers, incense. In addition, they look good next to curtains of ornamental cereals, sedges or chintos.
Loosestrife oak - Lysimachia nemorum
It grows in Europe near ponds and in shady forests. Rises from the foothills to the subalpine zone.
A perennial plant with a branchless stem that can rise 10-30 cm above the ground. The leaves are larger and wider than that of the loosestrife. Yellow solitary flowers on long pedicels appear in May and bloom until July.
Lysimachia thyrsiflora - Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Often can be found on the shores and shallows throughout Russia.
It actively sprawls with a long rhizome, which produces straight simple and strong stems up to 60 cm tall. Narrow lanceolate leaves are planted often. In the axils of the upper leaves, oblong dense inflorescences up to 3 cm long settled on short stems. The flowers are small, yellow, with 6-7 thin petals and protruding stamens, which makes the inflorescence seem fluffy. The only one that blooms in late May - June.
Loosestrife lily of the valley, or Loosestrife fulmiform - Lysimachia clethroides
It grows in the south of Primorye, in mountain forests and on meadow slopes.
The rhizome is whitish-pink, similar to the rhizome of lily of the valley, only a little thicker. The stem is erect, pubescent, leafy, reaches a height of 90-120 cm. Snow-white small flowers are collected in a spectacular dense spike-shaped inflorescence 15-20 cm long, pointed and slightly bent at the end. It blooms from late July 15-20 days. In a culture known since the end of the last century. Loveable. prefers partial shade. Good in group landings and cut. The famous variety is Lady Jane - plants 60–90 cm tall, flowering in late summer.
Loosestrife coin, or Loosestrife granulata, or Meadow tea - Lysimachia nummularia
Widely distributed in the European part of Russia, Ciscaucasia, Western Europe, the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Japan and North America. It usually grows in nature in shady groves, in floodplain meadows, along the outskirts of marshes and along the banks of water bodies.
Perennial plant with a recumbent stem up to 30 cm long. Leaves on short petioles, opposite, oval, up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers are single, axillary, yellow, up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Blooms 15-20 days. The beginning of flowering depends on the conditions of illumination of the plot, in well-lit areas - flowering occurs in June, shading or planting in shaded places, you can affect the flowering time. In nature, flowering plants can be found from late May to August. A distinctive feature of this species is its ability to form carpet not only on a horizontal surface, but also on fairly steep slopes. The “influxes” of its shoots from above on steep surfaces are very decorative. In the photo, the variety ‘Aurea’.
It reproduces well vegetatively, has a very large coefficient of reproduction. You can propagate by separating rooted shoots throughout the season. The plant is unpretentious. It grows well in humid places in the sun and partial shade. It tolerates drought quite well, is able to withstand prolonged flooding, and is resistant to mowing and trampling. For decorative purposes, it is mainly used as a valuable foliage plant. From it you can make large carpet stains in the shade. It can be used to decorate small building structures on the soil surface. Coin-loosestrife is especially good for decorating the banks of ponds, since its long hanging shoots look great in the upper layers of the water in the pool.
Verbanevich ciliated ‘Purple’ - Lysimachia ciliata ‘Purpurea’
Homeland - North America. Zone according to western catalogs: 4.
Perennial plant with erect stems 45 cm tall. Leaves are paired, wine red, broadly lanceolate. Small lemon-yellow flowers are formed at the ends of the stems and in the axils of the upper leaves, forming a loose inflorescence. It blooms in August and September. Requires a sunny location. It looks great against the background of dark gray boulders, replenishes the assortment of plants for the red-silver garden, and is used in contrast flower beds.
Verbeynik purple - Lysimachia atropurpurea.
Homeland - Greece.
Unusual perennial 45-90 cm tall. Zone according to western catalogs: 3-9. A delightful view with ears of many wine-red, almost black flowers, sharply contrasting with silver-green lanceolate leaves. Interesting characteristic and light corrugation along the edge of the sheet, especially noticeable in young leaves. Forms a bush 45-60 cm in diameter. It blooms from July to August.
Loosestrife ephemeral - Lysimachia ephemerum.
Homeland - Southwest Europe.
Grassy perennial up to 90 cm tall. Actively spread in breadth. At the end of summer, flowers up to 1 cm in diameter appear on it, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences. The plant is winter-hardy to -18 degrees. In culture since the 19th century.