Doeren - ornamental shrub all year round
In my personal ranking of ornamental shrubs, one of the first places is occupied by dogwood. In order to understand why, let's go through the annual cycle. Spring and summer - the leaves of deeren can be green, light green or with white or yellow bordering (in variegate forms). In the fall, they acquire a reddish, raspberry hue. In winter, the brightest moment comes for me personally. The fact is that many varieties of doeren have a bright green, lemon or coral-colored bark on the shoots. Against the background of snow or evergreen and coniferous, it looks very impressive. But this is not all the benefits of doeren as an ornamental shrub! I will tell you more about it in my article.
Doeren - not only decorative, but also unpretentious
Kind Doeren (Cornus) is very diverse. There are many varieties with decorative foliage, beautiful flowers, decorative and even tasty and healthy fruits. There are species and varieties of doeren with bright colored bark. In general, at any time of the year this decorative shrub will decorate your garden. But its uniqueness also lies in the fact that for all its beauty, it is very modest in requirements.
Dogwood can be safely planted in full sun and partial shade. Moreover, if your deeren has leaves bordered, then unlike many other plants planted in the shade of the deer, the deer will retain its variegation and will not become a smooth green color.
The soil is not demanding on the soil and, in principle, drought tolerant. Although it must be admitted that in the midst of a summer drought, watering is indispensable, unless, of course, you want it to look good. Dogwood can withstand extreme heat and frost, and is quite suitable for cultivation in most regions. I have five varieties of doeren in my garden today.
The varieties of doeren that grow in my garden
The first is well-known to many dogwood, or male (Cornus mas) A tree or shrub that blooms one of the first. The branches are literally covered with bright yellow flowers, which in the early spring looks decorative and fresh.
Of course, we appreciate dogwood, first of all, for berries that ripen in autumn. Many varieties are bred - with large, small, oblong, pear-shaped and even yellow fruits. They are of interest to both culinary specialists and traditional medicine.
Believe it or not, if you eat a certain amount of cornel fruit along with seeds during the season, you can get rid of such a misfortune as hemorrhoids for a long period.
I just dug out my second little dogwood with a small seedling in a local forest belt, most likely it dogwood red (Cornus sanguinea). What is he for me for? This is a bush with a very dense crown, capable of growing up to four meters in height and width. A magnificent screen hiding the neighbor's toilet.
At the same time, in the fall its leaves become blood-red, and black peas of berries hang on the branches. Lovely, not a bush! Absolutely unpretentious and well tolerates the shadow, because it grows in the forest under the guise of tall trees.
Doeren is white
The third is my favorite - dogwood white (Cornus alba), grade ‘Sibirica variegata‘. Everything is fine here! A sprawling shrub that can grow up to 2 m tall. In summer, light green leaves with a wide white border and a pattern noticeably blush by autumn. And all winter - the bright red (coral) colors of the rods of young shoots.
Doeren ‘Aurea Elegantissima’
My fourth dogwood is very similar to it, this is a grade ‘Aurea elegantissima‘. But he has a white border and stains on the leaves changed to yellow, it is, as they say, a yellow-mottled form.
Well, a recent acquisition - offspring dogwood (Cornussericea), grade ‘Flaviramea ’. Its peculiarity is in the bright green leaves in the summer, which in the fall acquire a beautiful red hue, and, of course, in the young shoots of a bright yellow, actually lemon color.
If the first two varieties (dogwood ordinary and red dogwood) carry a purely functional load in my garden, cover and feed (cure), then the last three perform an aesthetic task - they satisfy my gaze. Here it is worth telling in more detail.
I have plans for two more doerens, it is luxuriously blooming doeren coase (Cornuskousa) and dogwood red grade ‘Midwinter fire‘. The shoots of the latter, indeed, like fire, change color from yellow below to bright red at the tips.
The use of derain in garden design
As I have already said, these grasses look great almost all year round and they can and should be combined correctly planting groups of 3-4 plants or more. At the same time, in the warm season, lush bushes will shimmer with all shades of greenery - from saturated, as in variety ‘Flaviramea‘, Until bright, like‘Sibirica variegata‘, or even yellowish, like ‘Aurea elegantissima‘.
But a special effect can be obtained in winter. Imagine, against the background of snow and dark needles, bright red and yellow arrays of twigs! When I saw a similar picture on the Internet, I was numb with delight and got down to business. Today I already have such a small group of 8 seedlings with red and yellow shoots.
And in the project, plant a long strip (20 meters) of about 50 seedlings, also combining colors. Such a solution will look spectacular even at a distance - at the end of the garden. But there is one important point. In order to achieve such a winter effect, the dogwood needs to be trimmed correctly.
For this, at the end of winter and the beginning of spring (most importantly, before the start of the growing season), all branches of deerene are cut very low, leaving one or two buds above the ground. It is from them and from the root that the plant will give new bright and strong shoots that will decorate your garden in winter. If such pruning is not done, then gradually the shoots lose their color, become ordinary brown and only a new growth at the ends of the branches will be bright.
Of course, with such a radical pruning before the start of the growing season, you will lose something. For a month or two instead of bushes you will have a void with hemp. You, most likely, will not see flowering and fruits, and, most likely, the bush will not have time to grow to the declared 2–2.5 meters when purchased. But 1.5 m will grow precisely, and without any fertilizers - checked!
You can plant dogwood in another way, for example, in a hedge. Dohren tolerates a haircut, and the hedges are quite dense. Shearing them, of course, not "on a stump", but cutting only the tips.
You can try to form a dogwood in the form of a ball on a high stem and place it on a lawn or above lower plants in a flower garden. The main thing is to choose the right color scheme. Or you can just next to other flowering shrubs, say, Weigel. Dohren will not create problems for anyone.
Doeren has one more definite advantage. To create arrays from a large number of bushes it is not necessary to buy them at all. It is enough to buy one copy of each variety, and one year after spring pruning, root the cuttings. Roots dohren not bad, but the grade Flaviramea and he himself - in contact with the earth (for that he offspring dogwood).
Cuttings are cut with 2–3 buds, the lower end is dipped into a powder root for accuracy (you can not do this) and stuck in a loose, light substrate. The main thing is not to stick deeply, otherwise they will rot, a couple of centimeters is quite enough. Cover with a jar, do not forget to water regularly. By autumn, most of the cuttings will be with roots and they can either be planted in a permanent place (in the south) or planted in containers and sent to winter in the basement (for cold regions).
With landing, too, do not be particularly wise. Dig a wide hole (the root system is shallow in these derens). If necessary, do drainage (does not like stagnation of water). Pour fertile soil into the pit and plant it. Do not forget to water abundantly after planting.
In general, there is never much derena in the garden! Recommend!