Application and types of bergenia
The first species of the genus, thick-leafed frangipani (Bergenia crassifolia), was described by Karl Linnaeus in 1760 from specimens sent from St. Petersburg, where they were brought by members of one of the Siberian expeditions. Linnaeus attributed the unknown plant to the genus Saxifrage and gave the corresponding name: Saxifrage thick-leaved. Then the botanist Konrad Mench took the badan in a separate genus - Bergenia, which was named after the healer Karl August von Bergen.
Badges are used for tanning leathers, because their rhizomes contain a large amount of tannins. From the overwintered dried leaves of the frangipani tea is prepared, known as Siberian, Mongolian or Chigirsky. The plant is used in Tibetan medicine as an anti-inflammatory, tonic and astringent.
Badan trees will decorate shrubbery groups, the foreground of mixborders, rocky areas, slopes of rock gardens. It goes well with daylilies, watersheds, astilbe, swimsuits, irises, veronics, ferns, geraniums, cereals.
© Janet 59
Buds are perennial rhizomes, less often - annual herbs. The leaves are very spectacular: large, round, shiny, leathery, wintering, collected in basal rosettes. At the end of summer - in autumn they turn into reddish tones. Small flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences, bell-shaped. Petals are red, pink or white. The fruit is a box.
The frangipani, which is most often grown in the garden, "savage" grows on rocky slopes.
The ciliated incense (Bergenia ciliata) comes from Tibet and the Himalayas, where it rises to a height of 1800-4300 m. Its leaves are not bare, like other species of the genus, but bristly, up to 35 cm in diameter. The flowers are pale pink or white, with a bright pink cup. In nature, blooms immediately after the snow melts. In severe frosty winters, the leaves die off, but the rhizomes, as a rule, are preserved. Today on sale more and more often you can find varieties of incense hybrid (Bergenia x hybrida). They are beautiful, but in Russia are less hardy than natural species.