Codonanta - Elegant Indoor Climber
Codonanta is a unique “airy” plant among ampelous cultures suitable for growing in hanging baskets and in ordinary pots. A graceful beauty with thin shoots, creating an airy, translucent crown with small leaves, is considered to be both a decorative-deciduous and a beautifully flowering plant. And to decide what is most attractive in the codonant is far from simple. But what exactly is undeniable is the unpretentiousness of the plant, which is very easy to grow.
Luxurious Columney rival
For some reason, we often confuse the codonant with column, although plants have practically nothing in common except the growth form and family. These are plants with a completely different character, in the columnia - impudent and modern, in the codonanta - noble and classic. And it is precisely the bet on elegance, airy grace and calm disposition that makes gardeners increasingly pay attention to this amazing plant. We have a codonant (Codonanthe) is sometimes called a codonante or codonante, but the essence of the confusion in the names of this representative of the Gesnerievs does not change.
Codonanta (Codonanthe) - a genus of flowering plants of the Gesneriaceae family (Gesneriaceae), which includes about 20 species of perennial epiphytic plants. The name comes from the Greek ‘kodon’, the bell, and ‘anhe’, the flower.
All codonants are beautiful ampelous epiphytic shrubs. Their thin, drooping, wire-like shoots create graceful cascades and fountains, and leathery glossy leaves with a dense, fleshy texture and dark color resemble hoya in some way and emphasize thin shoots with their elegance and pointed tips. Leaves sit on the shoots in pairs, but not densely: internodes almost equal the length of the leaves.
From June to September, small, no less graceful flowers bloom on the shoots of the codonants. They open in the axils of the leaves, bell-shaped, with a long tube, seem to be waxy, very elegant. And due to the fact that the flowers are evenly distributed along the entire length of the shoots, the entire bush seems airy, weightless and lacy. It adds charm to the liana and a light spicy aroma, which in some species is quite strong. And if the plant is looked after correctly, then red-orange fruits-berries are formed after the flowers. Among the codonants, plants with white or pink flowers are found.
Codonants are attractive literally all year long. And flowering, and the gradual change of bells for berries, and even shoots during the dormant period look equally beautiful in any interior.
In a room culture, 5 types of codonants are grown, which are generally similar to each other:
- At plate codonants (codonante crassifolia, also known as gustolistnaya) the family name at first glance seems like a joke, because its foliage is quite small, elegant and not at all massive. The shoots of the plant are thin, almost straight, beautifully drooping, decaying in a kind of cascade or fountain. In length, the branches reach half a meter. Leaves are leathery, up to 5 cm long, with a pointed tip. Small tubular flowers with a curved spur at the base and an arcuate bending tube are painted with a white color, but pink varieties of this species are also found;
- Codonant graceful (Codonanthe gracilis) conquers with white flowers with beautiful specks in the throat, which seem especially elegant against the background of juicy, dark leaves pointed at both ends;
- Codonant Devos (Codonanthe devosiana) - one of the most fragrant indoor vines;
- Fleshy codonant (Codonanthe carnosa) are also considered aromatic, its appearance is in many ways similar to a decent codonant;
- Small-leaved codonant swollen (Codonanthe ventricosa) is distinguished by small white bells of flowers and three-centimeter leaves. It is now combined into a graceful Codonant look.
In addition to the codonant itself, on sale under this name you can find hybrids of codonant and nemanthus - codonatanthus (codonatanthus), in which the flowers are painted in bright colors, but the whole plant is as elegant as the codonants themselves.
Despite the fact that codonants look great all year long and bloom profusely, they are not at all difficult to grow. This liana is suitable even for beginner growers. low maintenance and adapts well to new conditions. The resting period in the development of the plant is not expressed, the conditions of detention and care should practically not change.
Lighting for Codonanta
Luxurious ampel beauty will pleasantly surprise her with low lighting requirements. The codonant does not tolerate direct sunlight and strong shading, but any location with light partial shade or light, diffuse lighting will suit her equally. Codonants feel great in artificial lighting, as well as in fully artificial lighting, which only expands the range of their use in interiors.
Ensure that the sun-dependent codonant develops evenly. Regularly rotate the container with the plant, preventing the shoots from stretching to one side.
Also more than undemanding codonant to air temperatures. More precisely, it does not present atypical requirements. This culture loves stable heat that does not change throughout the year. For this beauty, ordinary room temperatures in the range from 18 to 23 degrees of heat are suitable. The minimum allowable value for the air temperature in the room where the codonant is growing is 15 degrees in winter. But it is better if the temperature of the content remains stable throughout literally the whole year.
In summer, the codonant can be taken out onto the balcony or terraces, or even used in potted groups in the garden. True, in the fresh air the plant will need protection not only from direct sunlight (or better to stop at partial shade), but also from drafts and precipitation.
Watering and humidity for codonanta
Watering the codonants will not be a hassle. The plant loves the average humidity of the substrate without extreme drought or waterlogging, which is easy to maintain with regular procedures. The frequency should be moderate enough, regulated depending on the rate of drying of the substrate (the following procedure can be carried out only after drying of the upper 3-5 cm of soil). If you miss watering, allow the earthen coma to completely dry, then the codonant can recover after the first procedure. But such stressful "surprises" should not be arranged often. In winter, watering for the codonanta is carried out without significant reduction, just continuing to focus on the rate of drying of the substrate.
Soft water should be used for codonants. It is also better to monitor its temperature: the plant prefers watering at room temperature.
The codonant is not sensitive to air humidity, but its increase has a positive effect on the appearance of the plant and the abundance of flowering. For codonants, periodic spraying is sufficient. This culture does not need to install humidifiers.
Top dressing for codonants
Codonants like fairly frequent top dressing. They are carried out every 2 weeks using universal fertilizers of a complex composition in a standard dosage. Many florists for feeding codonants spend literally throughout the year with the same frequency, but it is better to arrange a traditional winter correction. Top dressing for the winter period is stopped completely, refusing to use fertilizers from November to February. If the plant seems oppressed, then in the middle of the dormant period, you can carry out one feeding three times a reduced dose of fertilizer.
Like all creepers, the codonant becomes even more spectacular with regular formation. It is reduced only to a pinch of knocking out, elongated branches. If you wish, you can cut the codonant, give it a large density and compact size, "curl" on curly supports.
Transplant, containers and substrate
A codonant transplant is performed when the plant completely fills the previous substrate with its roots. Usually the plant is transplanted once every 2 years, in February and March. It is better to focus on the timing of the activity of the culture itself, a transplant is carried out only when there are signs of the beginning of growth. When transplanting to the bottom of the tanks lay a high layer of drainage, occupying up to 1/3 of the height.
Pods for codonanta are also not suitable for any. It is often planted in high containers and flowerpots "on legs" in which it will form beautiful green waterfalls. She is good in ampels. When choosing, it is better to take into account the characteristics of the root system of the plant. At the codonant, it is compact, superficial, and needs small capacities. Even adult codonants (from 4-5 years old) prefer pots with a diameter of only 12 cm.
For codonants, the parameters of water and air permeability of the substrate are very important. For these vines choose light, loose soil mixtures. Ready-made substrates for violets or any light soil mixes with the addition of vermiculite and perlite are perfect for codonants.
Diseases and pests codonants
This is not only hardy, but also a very resistant indoor plant. Of the pests typical of indoor crops, only the aphid threatens the codonant.
For an elegant room creeper, it is better to choose vegetative methods of reproduction:
- Separation of adult bushes, which is carried out during transplantation, carefully separating from the main curtain 2-5 shoots together with a segment of rhizome and planting them as a young plant in a new container. Before rooting, plants need alert, thorough care, warmth and brighter lighting;
- Cuttings: stem cuttings can be cut from codonant shoots by cutting out non-lignified sections about 10 cm long with several pairs of leaves. After removing the lower leaves and shortening the upper, the cuttings can be rooted in water or in a substrate under a hood, and after a month the plant will begin to develop. The codonants obtained from cuttings are not planted alone, but up to 3 plants in one pot.
You can get new plants from seeds that are sown in a quality substrate under a film or glass. As the plants grow, they need to be peaked in containers of 2-3 plants, gradually growing and providing young crops with regular care.