Mandeville, or Diplomacy - the bright queen
When the beautiful Mandeville is called the queen of indoor vines, there is no question of any exaggeration. This plant, which even today is sometimes distributed under the old name of diplomacy, resembles garden clematis. Equally bright flowering, albeit more compact in size, the beauty of the foliage and the flexibility of the shoots allow the Mandeville to conquer new heights. You can’t stay indifferent to the beauty. Large and bright flowers, despite the simple form, easily overshadow the exot neighbors, and unusual grace conquers even in the most modest conditions. The status of an exceptional plant only strengthens the complexity of the care: growing capricious mandeville is not easy, but you cannot find any equal to it.
Mandeville - luxurious queen on the pylons
Mandeville - one of the most beautiful indoor vines. Plants, in the classification of which there was a lot of confusion, are still known to flower growers under two names - dipladeniya (diplandenia) and mandeville (mandevilla) The scatter is explained simply: even at the time of its discovery, some species were given the name diplomatic missions, and other South American beauties were assigned the name of mandeville.
After a long, ten-year debate, scientists came to the conclusion that plants should be combined into one genus. But an unequivocal decision was not so long that today both names are used almost as equitable. Although, from a scientific point of view, it is Mandeville that is “legitimate”.
Mandeville (Mandevilla), or Diplladies - a genus of climbing flowers of the Kutrovy family (Apocynaceae) The range of the genus covers Central and South America.
The fast-growing Mandeville are cultures that are often called indoor clematis. And they are really similar to garden stars in the type of shoots and in their external beauty. The elegance, flamboyance and beauty of the Mandeville is enhanced by simple but regal details.
Evergreen shrubs and shrubs with climbing branches impress with flexibility and elegance. In height, the mandeville reach from 1 to 3 meters, while the specific parameters of the plant always depend on the method of garter and the type of support. All mandeville grows quickly, their shoots, stretching from 1 m in length, are smooth and quite thin. Mandeville foliage is glossy, dark green, up to 9 cm long, beautifully rounded, ovoid in shape with a pointed apex. Liana flowering is plentiful.
Funnel-shaped, with slightly "twisting" like a windmill with five limb petals, the flowers reach a diameter of 10-12 cm and stand out not only for their beauty and catchiness, but also for their pleasant aroma. The Mandeville color palette includes white, pink and red spectra, from pastel and light, to bright enough, but always pure tones. The outer side of the tube at the base of the flower turns white.
One of the most popular elite indoor plants - mandeville loose (mandevilla laxa), which is known all over the world under the name of Brazilian balsam or Chilean jasmine. It really is a climbing creeper of South American descent.
The species grows very quickly, the shoots are thin and flexible, the leaves are dull, dark green, saturated in color, with a grayish back or a purple tint. But the main decoration of the plant is the funnel-shaped star-shaped flowers that open from June to August with a small yellow spot in the throat, corrugated edge of the petals and a diameter of up to 10 cm.This mandeville is fragrant, very elegant and elegant, its appearance seems classic and noble.
Better known as diplomacy (dipladenia), but long ago transferred by scientists to the Mandeville family, luxurious bright blooming mandeville sander (mandevilla sanderi) conquers with grace. This is a winding vine with very flexible, thin shoots, quite rarely arranged in glossy, dense leaves up to 5 cm in length and translucent, luminous in the sun, petals of large star flowers.
Beautiful flowers are collected in inflorescences-brushes of 3-5 pcs., At the base plant, they are painted with bright pink, with a yellow pharynx. In diameter they reach 7 cm. This plant has a huge number of varieties, of which only two have become classic - “Rubinian” with bright pink flowers and “Dark” with red ones. But regardless of the base color, Mandeville Sander is easy to recognize by the large yellow pharynx. This beauty blooms from May to October.
Mandeville brilliant (mandevilla splendens) got its name not only for large, up to 20 cm long elliptic leaves with a pointed apex and heart-shaped base, rarely expressed veins and a shiny surface. After all, this liana produces flowers in amazing quantities. Collected in brushes of 5-6 flowers, they literally hide a plant underneath. With a diameter of about 10 cm, funnel-shaped flowers are distinguished by a white outer color, brighter, shed in tone and a watercolor transition on the petals.
Less common mandeville bolivian (mandevilla boliviensis) It is similar in type of shoots and leaves to Mandeville Sander, but the flowers of the plant are painted exclusively in white. In diameter, they reach only 5 cm, flaunted with a yellow eye. Leaves about 6-7 cm in length are glossy, more elongated and “sharp” than other species.
Mandeville excellent (mandevilla eximia) - an evergreen liana with reddish shoots, widely oval, with beautiful glossy leaves up to 4 cm in length. The plant stands out collected in the brush up to 8 pcs. bright flowers with a light tube, in length and width reaching 5-6 cm.
Lighting for mandeville at home
These indoor climbers prefer bright locations. Despite the beauty of the foliage, they are not at all afraid of direct rays and feel good both in diffused light and in the sun (except for the Mandeville Sander, who is afraid of direct rays of the sun). True, there is an exception: when placed on the southern windows in the summer, the midday rays of the sun may not even appeal to such a sun-loving creeper. Even a light partial shade will lead to the fact that the Mandeville will not bloom at all or produce only a few miniature flowers.
Comfortable temperature for mandeville
Throughout the active period of vegetation, mandeville loves warmth and even heat. Indicators of about 25 degrees are considered optimal temperatures for this liana, but in general the plant feels good at an air temperature of 21 degrees or above.
Wintering regime for mandeville is very important. Indeed, without cool temperatures at the dormant stage, this plant will not bloom profusely in the next season. But not all mandeville equally loves a strong cool. Mandeville loose needs wintering in the low temperature range from 5 to 10 degrees Celsius. But Mandeville Sander is content with a modest decrease to 15-18 degrees (like the rest of the species).
Mandevillas prefer to spend summer outdoors. On the terrace, balcony, in the garden, it will bloom even more abundantly and more beautifully. But for the plant, it will be necessary to select the most protected locations that exclude even the slightest drafts and reliably protect the plant from precipitation.
Mandeville Watering and Humidity
In the period of active growth and flowering, Mandeville needs abundant watering. Waterlogging, stagnation of water is best avoided, but the substrate should dry out only in the uppermost layer. Before the cool wintering stage, the plant should be gradually transferred to a more meager watering. To do this, from the beginning of September, it is necessary to gradually make the procedures more rare and scarce, so that the plant is ready for wintering to completely dry the earthen coma.
Winter irrigation of Mandeville is more like a care program for indoor gardening plants wintering on the premises: the substrate should remain almost dry from the time of leaf dropping to the start of active growth. The reduction is carried out after a gradual decrease. It is necessary to completely switch to watering after the substrate has completely dried up, as soon as the plant begins to partially fold off the luxurious foliage.
For mandeville, you need to use soft, settled water and monitor its temperature: the liana reacts poorly to irrigation with both cold and warm water. The water temperature should equal the temperature of the air around the plant. Each 5-6 procedure is better to use acidified water (a couple of grains of citric acid per 1 liter of water is enough).
Without exception, mandeville loves high humidity. These plants allow the use of spraying, but will not refuse to install special humidifier devices. Particularly intense spraying should be done in winter if the air temperature deviates at least slightly from the recommended values in the direction of warming.
Fertilizers for mandeville at home
For rapid growth, release of lush foliage and abundant flowering, mandeville will need quite intense and frequent top dressing. It is better to carry them out every 2-3 weeks, without reducing the dose of fertilizers. Ideal for beautiful women, mixtures for flowering houseplants are suitable. Top dressing is stopped in October and does not resume until mid-February.
Trimming Mandeville and Plant Support
It is practically impossible to grow Mandeville not on a support in room culture. This plant needs garter, shaping and direction. It is ideally suited for trellis supports, wooden grates, classic figured foundations. Mandeville shoots are very easy to direct. Tie the shoots as they grow, lengthen the twigs, gently tying them to the support with a soft twine or sisal (you can use other natural materials).
Plant pruning is carried out before the dormancy stage. After the plant begins to partially drop the leaves, tentatively in the last decade of October or the first decade of November, each twig is cut off by 2/3 of the branches (for branched shoots it is necessary to count not from the soil, but from branching on the trunk). Without pruning, this beauty will hardly bloom: like many vines, mandeville produces flowers only on the young shoots of the current year.
Mandeville transplant and substrate
An elegant indoor vine is transplanted at the very beginning of the growth resumption stage, as soon as there are signs that the plant is leaving the dormant stage. Traditionally, the transplant falls in February or March. Change of containers even for adult manneville is carried out annually (only if the plants are large, it is difficult to handle them without injury, transplantation is carried out as the plant needs it, twice or three times less). A powerful, at least five-centimeter drainage is laid at the bottom of the tanks.
For mandeville of all types, it is extremely important to select nutritious earth mixtures with a loose texture. Ready-made substrates with a slightly acidic reaction or a mixture of 2 parts of turfy, clay soil with sand, sheet soil, humus taken in 1 part are suitable. For the plant, it is necessary to sterilize the substrate, because mandeville is highly vulnerable to root pests.
Mandeville diseases and pests
Mandeville is vulnerable to almost all pests that adore dry air. Spider mites, scale insects, aphids, felts on a plant spread very quickly. But if you provide good care to this vine and maintain a high humidity, you can reliably protect the plant from pests. These beauties are much more affected by root nematodes and mealybugs. Waterlogging, stagnant air can cause rot.
Common problems in growing mandeville at home:
- curling leaves in dry air;
- yellowing and falling of leaves in a cold environment or in extreme heat;
- blanching of leaves, reduction in flower size, rapid flowering in poor lighting conditions;
- shedding flowers and drooping leaves threaten mandeville in dry air;
- Slow growth is always associated with insufficient nutrition.
Propagation of Mandeville
A charming indoor vine reproduces easily, even if young plants require careful care. The easiest option is to cut young apical cuttings in spring or during summer. The tops of shoots up to 10 cm in length take root in peat, under a cap and at a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. Since rooting takes more than a month, you need to regularly moisten the substrate and ventilate the film, removing it at all at the first sign of roots.
It is possible to plant cuttings in separate containers only 3 months after the start of rooting. Each young vine needs to be planted in small, up to 7 cm in diameter containers.
Mandeville Sander is propagated not by apical, but by stem cuttings, on which only 1 pair of leaves is left.
You can propagate mandeville and seeds, but they are very rarely found on sale and seedlings need to be grown for many years with the most careful and careful care.