What to sow in early autumn to harvest before winter?
With the approach of autumn, the air becomes cooler, but the soil is still quite warm - this is an ideal time to extend the season of some garden crops. Of course, planting tomatoes and cucumbers is already stupid, but there are plants that grow well with a short daylight and have a minimum growing season. So - you will have time to harvest before the arrival of steady colds. So, what crops to sow in early September to be harvested in October?
When choosing what to sow in early autumn for a late harvest, you need to consider your climate zone. Autumn crops for harvesting in the same season are suitable for regions where autumn is relatively warm, and in September if frosts occur, then short-term and not lower than -5 ° С.
It is with sowing radishes in the early spring that the summer season starts. Grow it in the summer. But if in the spring the radish is often watery, and in the summer - bitter, then in the fall - it is perfect! The optimum ripening temperature of this plant is + 14 ... + 18 ° С, and, as a rule, in the autumn we get the most juicy radish with a rich taste.
You can harvest delicious radishes already 20 days after germination, if you select early ripe varieties. The plant is resistant to frost on the soil, so feel free to sow radishes in September.
And if you use warm beds for sowing, you can grow such a large crop of autumn radishes that it will last until winter!
To keep the radish for a long time, clean it in dry weather. It is necessary to clean it from tops and roots. Then rinse well and dry the root crops so that they remain slightly moist, but without traces of water on the surface. Pack the radishes in special food packages with a zip fastener and put in a cool place - a refrigerator or a cellar. If you carefully adhere to these recommendations, the radish will be well preserved even until the New Year.
Salads are not only tasty, but also rich in vitamins and minerals necessary for the body. And most of them can be planted in the fall for a late harvest.
Read about the best salads in article 9 of the best vegetable salads that are worth sowing this season.
The ideal temperature for ripening most salads is + 10 ... + 17 ° С, the time from sowing to harvesting is from 30 to 60 days, depending on the temperature and length of daylight hours. Also note that lettuce ripens faster, it will take longer for the cabbage to go.
To get a good harvest, you need to water the salad liberally, but not often (2-3 times a week, if there is no rain at all). It is also important to loosen the soil and remove weeds. But it is not necessary to feed the soil, salads grow well on poor soils.
One of the record holders for the growth rate among salads is watercress (It takes about 12-17 days from planting to harvest). Like other types of lettuce, he loves coolness and low temperatures, so it's time to plant it in late summer or early fall. Autumn watercress is distinguished by a special rich taste, splendor and curliness. In the hot summer months, the taste of the plant is not so good, as watercress quickly releases arrows.
3. Chinese kale pak choi
If you are not familiar with Chinese cabbage, which for some reason is confused with Beijing cabbage, then September is the best time to get to know it. This fast-ripening petiole cabbage will delight you with leaves with a very pleasant mild taste.
Chinese cabbage is completely unpretentious in leaving, it is easy to grow it and it ripens in a month from the moment of sowing. Autumn is an ideal time for her, because in the bright summer sun she quickly shoots arrows.
The undeniable advantage of pak-choi is that you can use not only a fully ripened plant in food, but also immediately after sprouting - small leaves.
This greens with an island mustard-nutty taste is easy to grow in the fall - it is ideally suited for temperature growth - + 14 ... + 18 ° C, and it is not afraid of frost. Keep in mind that in autumn the sun is not very active (arugula does not tolerate heat). Therefore, you can sow it for a late harvest in the sunniest place, because with a long stay in the shade, the taste of the plant deteriorates.
Early varieties of arugula mature in approximately 25 days, but the first small leaves (“baby arugula”) can be cut earlier. So that the taste of arugula does not bitter, you need regular loosening of the soil and frequent watering - at least every other day, if there is no rain.
be careful with soil fertilizer! Arugula, like a sponge, absorbs all the chemicals from the soil.
Spinach - a source of many vitamins and nutrients, loves coolness, grows best at temperatures of + 15 ... + 19 ° С. This is not only cold-resistant, but also an early ripening crop, which is why it is great for autumn cultivation.
Early spinach greens fully ripens in about a month after emergence, but younger leaves can also be eaten, choosing the largest ones in the outlet.
For more information on growing spinach, see Spinach as a re-crop.
If you don’t have time to sow spinach at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn, you can sow it in winter - at the end of September or later, depending on the weather conditions in your region. Then it will rise in early spring and will please with vitamin greens in early May.
Read the winter sowing rules in the article What to plant under the winter? 20+ crops for winter crops.
In general, autumn is an ideal time to discover new plants. True, only those that can grow with a short daylight. But, for example, cilantro, or more correctly - coriander - is just a plant of long daylight hours. But if your goal is not the fruits of coriander, but its greens (which, in fact, is called cilantro), then it is better to sow it in late summer or early fall.
Cilantro can be eaten fresh, adding to salads, can be used in the preparation of first and second courses, can be frozen for the winter. In growing cilantro is unpretentious, and will delight you with the harvest - the first green spicy leaves - a couple of weeks after germination.
Dear readers! To be successful in growing late crops, you need to choose the right plants. In this case, salads and other greens will be your best friends: they grow quickly, are not picky and calmly endure frosts to -4 ... -5 ° С. You can sow them all summer at short intervals, but autumn is the most suitable time for them.