What work is carried out in the garden and garden in November?
Friends! Even in late autumn, the summer season is not yet completed. November is the month of preparing the garden for the winter. In late autumn, our trees and shrubs need shelter, and the soil needs cleaning, mulching and watering. It’s not too late to sow vegetables and ornamental crops. Winter sowing always gives stronger and healthier plants. The more we manage to do in the fall, the more time and energy we will have in the spring.
First of all, we prepare fruit trees for a successful wintering. For all fruit trees and berry shrubs, if it was dry autumn, it is necessary to conduct winter watering. To do this, in several stages, if the weather permits and the soil has not frozen yet, shed the soil in near-trunk circles around the perimeter of the crown. The soil should be well saturated with moisture to a depth of 60-80 cm.
This technique will save trees and shrubs from drying out of the bark in winter, the moistened soil freezes to a lesser depth, which contributes to a better wintering of the root system, many garden pests die when the soil is moistened. Winter irrigation reduces the number of vegetation irrigation next year.
After winter irrigation, it is imperative to mulch the soil of the tree trunks with a layer of compost, rotted manure 6-8 cm thick. This technique helps to preserve moisture and accumulate nutrients.
Remove dry fruits from trees and scavenger under their crowns, this is the first source of diseases and pests in the next season. In no case do not put the scavenger in compost, there diseases and pests surely overwinter. It is best to dig a deep hole of at least 40-60 cm and bury the diseased fruits in it, or burn them.
Be sure to wrap the trunks of young trees (from 2 to 6 years old) with white spanbond, kraft paper or old nylon stockings to a height of 50-60 cm. This will protect them from rodent damage in winter and sunburn in the early spring months.
Trunks of older trees and the base of skeletal branches should be whitewashed with a special whitewash (2.5 kg of hydrated lime, 1 kg of clay + 300 g of copper sulfate per 5 l of water) or garden paint from the store. You can add 30 ml of kalbofos to whitewash to 5 l of whitewash, then rodents will definitely bypass your trees.
The last time it is possible to treat the crowns of trees and shrubs from diseases after the leaves fall completely — spray the crown with 5% urea solution (urea) 500 g per 10 l of water or 3% iron sulfate solution 300 g per 10 l of water. Processing is carried out in dry weather at low positive temperatures.
Mulch the planting of strawberries with compost, rotted manure, peat with a layer of 6-8 cm. In snowless winters, the roots of this crop may die when the soil temperature drops to minus 15 degrees. Mulch will help maintain soil temperature in an acceptable range.
In the first days of November, if the weather is still warm and the soil has not frozen, you can plant garlic and onion sets. The beds after planting these crops must be mulched with humus or peat with a layer of 5 cm so that the plants can successfully winter.
On frozen ground, in advance prepared beds, you can sow certain varieties of some vegetable crops before winter:
- Carrot (“Nantes-4”, “Moscow Winter”, “Losinoostrovskaya”, “Vitamin-6”, “Incomparable”, “Delicacy”).
- Beet (“Winter”, “Egyptian flat”).
- Parsley (“Sugar Root”, “Ordinary Leaf”).
You can sow dill, spinach, lettuce, parsnips, sage and monarda. For these crops, varieties are not very important, but more thickened sowing than spring is a prerequisite. and mulching the beds after sowing with a layer of peat or humus 2-3 cm.
We prepare perennial vegetables for wintering. Cut off dead leaves of perennial onions, rhubarb, asparagus, mint, lemon balm. Sprinkle the row spacing of these crops with a 5 cm layer of humus or peat for successful wintering.
We reserve land for seedlings in the spring. We prepare humus, garden soil, peat, sand, ash in separate bags, sign each bag. We leave all of them in the cold under a canopy, so that in the spring it would be convenient to take bags to prepare the necessary seedlings.
If the soil has not frozen yet, we continue to dig up the beds with the simultaneous application of organic fertilizers.
We drain water from tanks, pipelines, hoses.
You can prepare for winter distillation the roots of parsley, celery, sorrel, so that in the winter months you can please yourself and loved ones with fresh herbs grown on the windowsill.
Works in the flower garden
In the flower garden, the main work has already been carried out in October, but something remains for November.
In November, sheltered roses and clematis prepared for wintering. They begin to shelter when the temperature becomes slightly negative (minus 3-5 degrees). It is necessary to mulch late planted bulbous flowers (tulips, daffodils, crocuses, lilies) with peat, humus or fallen leaves, a layer of mulch of at least 5 cm.
We sow seeds of perennials (lupine, aquilegia, delphinium, gaillardia, rudbeckia) and annuals (cosmea, gypsophila, calendula, Phrum Drummond, coreopsis, eschscholzia, morning glory, scabiosis, laver) in winter prepared beds.
After winter processing by cold, they will please you in spring with friendly shoots.
VV Landyshev, agronomist of Gavrish Group of Companies.