Helopterum and features of its cultivation
Helpertums in bouquets and discounts seem like little pink suns. Such an association is more than appropriate: colorful, with perfectly arranged petals, flower-basket plants shine and immediately catch your eye. But the bright appearance and excellent qualities of the dried flower are far from the only "trump card" of the heliperum. This plant is very easy to grow, and the diversity of the species palette, despite the limitation in color, can satisfy even the capricious gardener and designer.
It is no accident that the heliperum got its name from the “sun”: the Greek “wing” and “sun” indicate both the shape of the flower and the fact that the wrappers of inflorescences very much resemble the wings of an insect.
The plant itself is modest and nothing but flowering, stands out from a number of basket year-olds. The pubescent, almost whitish shoots at the heliperum are powerful, bright and small whole leaves are opposite on them, but most of the grayish greenery is collected in basal rosettes. But the Helipterum inflorescences are really bright. Actually the flowers are very small, collected in a wide yellow middle-basket, and petals-shaped wrappers, very large, dense, brightly colored and symmetrically arranged, give the whole decorativeness to the inflorescences.
Helipterums bloom from early summer to September, occasionally from July. After flowering, the helipterum has achenes with an unusual crest of cirrus bristles.
The color scheme of the Heliperum includes only pink, yellow and white spectra in their softest, natural shades and rare pearl textures, due to which the inflorescences appear silvery and resonate with the color of the foliage.
- Types of Helipterums
- Growing conditions necessary for heliperum
- Helpterum Care
- Cut to dry bouquets
- Helipterum propagation
- Use in landscape design
Types of Helipterums
More than 90 species of both annual and perennial plants are united in the family of this remarkable summer. In regions where winters cannot boast of their softness, helipterum is grown only as an annual. All helpertums are Australian plants that have spread from the green continent around the world.
Both renowned and rarer types of annual helpertums are popular with us:
- Legendary already dried flower Helopterum pink (Helipterum roseum) - a summer tree with a shortened flowering period about half a meter high with dry, strong and straight shoots towering above a rosette of grayish small leaves; his basket flowers consist of a bright yellow center of tubular flowers and 5-6 rows of wrappers of membranous "petals" (as well as its individual decorative forms - woody and large-flowered);
- Helipterum Humboldt (Helipterum humboldtiana), the inflorescences of which are so numerous that the modest size of only 3 cm is almost invisible; small, neat pink-fawn mini-baskets bloom one at a time or in shields on very thin pedicels, as if tangled in a dense mass of small lanceolate leaves throughout the summer and early fall;
- No less original Helopterum Mengles (Helipterum manglesii), reaching a height of only 30-35 cm and characterized by thin, branched peduncles, bluish-gray and modest three-centimeter baskets, most often painted in pink and carmine tones; it seems a weightless and reverent plant;
- Helipterum, Shchitotsvetkovy (Helipterum corymbiflorum), similar to the subspecies of Mengles, but with more loose inflorescences.
Growing conditions necessary for heliperum
Helipterum, by its requirements for lighting and soil, is lying around in a typical yearbook. It is very easy to grow it, and this plant does not need to create any special conditions.
First of all, care should be taken to ensure as sunny a location as possible. This is not a light, but a sun-loving summerman who will delight with abundant flowering and disease resistance only in open, warm areas lit most of the day.
And it is not difficult to choose the soil for the heliperum. He does not need to select soils with high nutritional value: he does not like heliperum for excess organic matter, on “overfed” soil he has rapid growth of foliage, but flowering is very poor. Moreover, fresh organics are fatal for this flyer. Poor or slightly fertile, high-quality, cultivated, loose soil - that’s all the helpertum needs for abundant flowering throughout the summer.
Even if the helipertum is grown for cutting, it is better to prefer the introduction of top dressing in a nursing program for nutritious soil. The only difficulty in choosing soil is controlling its alkalinity. Heliperum will not be able to grow in soil with a high content of lime; only neutral or slightly acidic earth mixtures are suitable for it.
Heliperum is one of those year-olds whose cultivation will not be an additional burden for your gardening schedule. Heliperum practically does not require any intervention: it is enough for them to admire, but not to forget about reasonable measures to control weeds.
The only mandatory measures for growing helipertum are considered loosening the soil and weeding from weeds. But even you can refuse them if you mulch the soil with any materials available to you and create a protective layer. Mulch from peat, compost, straw, mowed grass, bark, sawdust will not allow weeds to grow and will support the loosening of the soil, so beloved by helipterum.
The mulching layer is created immediately after planting and updated as necessary. If you don’t want to mulch the plantings, weed the weeds at least 3 times during the summer and regularly loosen the crust formed on the soil.
This is a completely drought-tolerant summer, which is not afraid of long periods without natural precipitation. True, if you do not care at all about compensating for the vagaries of the weather, then the inflorescences will greatly decrease in size by the end of the flowering period in autumn. If you grow helpertums for cutting or for summer bouquets, you need to get a large number of inflorescences from the bushes, then during prolonged droughts spend 1 time per week or 10 days deep watering.
Helpertum need additional nutrition only when grown purely for cutting. Plants are fed in the same way as potted flowers as potted plants are - with complex fertilizer for flowering plants, which are added to water for watering 1-2 times a month, starting from the stage of budding.
This yearbook is resistant to both diseases and pests. And even if they appear on the plant, there is no point in fighting them: it is enough in the autumn, after flowering, to completely remove the plants from the soil and destroy them.
Cut to dry bouquets
Helipterums are grown as a dried flower and it is precisely as a plant for winter bouquets that it is most famous among us. Its distinctive feature is the ability to maintain color even after drying and amazing durability. In addition, the flowers of Helipterum seem surprisingly alive, are more natural and almost wild beauty.
If you want to replenish your assortment of dried flowers with helperthrum, take care of the correct cut of inflorescences. Preservation of color and durability of dried inflorescences directly depends on the cutting time and drying conditions. In Helipterums, the cut of inflorescences must be carried out immediately after the first inflorescences are revealed (no later than 2 days after flowering). Not individual flowers are cut, but inflorescences or twigs.
Inflorescences are dried in a ventilated dry place, hanging by the "legs".
Helopterum can only be obtained from seeds. The seedling method and sowing directly into the soil are suitable for this flyer.
No seedlings are sown in mid-April. Shoots appear quickly, caring for them is very simple. Young plants dive after the appearance of the second leaf and grow with constant watering. Seedlings can be transferred to the soil at the end of May, pinching the main shoot and trying not to injure the roots, fully preserving the earthen lump.
Helipterum is sown in open soil in early May, scattering seeds on grooves and falling asleep with a thin layer of soil. It is better to sow immediately at the place of cultivation. Crops cover with non-woven materials or paper. Shoots usually appear after 1 week. As the crops grow, you need to thin out: carefully spilling the soil and carefully digging in the extra seedlings (to save seedlings without injuring the root system), remove the extra crops and transfer to a new place. A distance of about 20 cm is left between the plants.
Transferred seedlings in a new place should always be pritenit and abundantly watered before the rapid growth.
Use in landscape design
Despite the fact that heliopterum became famous as a cut type plant, a beautiful dried flower, it is able to become a bright decoration of the summer garden. It is perfect for container culture, including stone flower girls and heavy stone street flowerpots in the company of plants with flexible hanging shoots. But the most winning games of this yearbook are in borders and mixborders.
Helipterum is not worth planting on flower beds from summers or large flowerbeds: it will easily lose all its charm with an abundance of neighbors. But in narrow flower beds, ribbons, mixborders, boarder planting, he surprisingly well reveals a silver tint of foliage, and bright, sunny bloom.