Cyanotis - fluffy room groundcover
Groundcover is not the most popular and representative category of indoor plants. Forming dense pillows and rugs, they suggest introducing elegant, neat and lace accents into the interior. But cyanotis is an exception to the general rule, the plant is rightly ranked as exotics. And the matter is not only in its large leaves and brittle shoots. An unusual edge, uncontrolled growth of twigs, some sloppiness and special density of leaves set it apart from any other plant. And the metal texture and the almost furry surface of the flowers turn the cyanotis into a genuine original.
- What does indoor cyanotis groundcover look like?
- Types of cyanotises
- Conditions for growing indoor cyanotises
- Home Cyanotis Care
- Diseases, pests and growing problems
- Reproduction of cyanotis
What does indoor cyanotis groundcover look like?
Among the indoor plants there are many African exotics, but it is not easy to find crops that would not be common in South Africa and that would stand out with an unusual appearance. Cyanotis is one of the exotics who came to us not from the Cape (South Africa), but from Somalia. This plant is often advertised as exotic with a fairly narrow distribution area, although this is true only in relation to a single species. Cyanotises are common in tropical regions of Africa and are found in Asia, being quite inconspicuous ground cover plants.
Cyanotises represent in the room culture the Commelinaceae family. The name of the plant received for the shape and characteristics of the flowers (from the Greek - "blue" and "ear").
Cyanotises are grassy creeping perennials, although short-lived annual species are found in nature. They constantly grow in breadth, capturing in nature all new territories and forming a dense and lush cover. Due to the limited volume of soil in containers, indoor cyanotises are not so aggressive, but they nevertheless form dense thickets and occupy all available space.
Creeping, creeping shoots of this plant are quite thick, juicy, easily break off, they can not boast of their resistance, partially rising and adding friability to the bushes. Fleshy, pubescent, linear leaves with a slightly pointed tip sit on the shoots quite densely, alternately.
The color scheme of cyanotis is amazing. Even the basic color of this plant is light green. And the edge with a grayish tint gives the plant a metallic, most often, silver-colored effect. The edge is soft, small hairs on the stems lengthen at the edges of the leaves and become more noticeable there.
Indoor cyanotises rarely bloom, but such a sight is worth the wait. Blue or lilac, bright, blooming surrounded by unusual stipules, flowers surprise with their almost furry effect. Flowers bloom in the axils of the leaves or on the tops of the shoots.
Types of cyanotises
In room culture, only three types of cyanotis are used. One single plant gained popularity, but two other species are found only in selected collections and botanical gardens.
Sianomian Cyanotis (Cyanotis somaliensis) is a genuine business card of the Cyanotis family. Herbaceous perennial with pubescent leaves and shoots, in which through the edges of the edges (they look especially spectacular along the edge), the glossy surface texture is still visible, creating stunningly beautiful spots and pillows on the soil.
Lanceolate leaves with their white edge contrast with any other indoor plant. Small flowers are bright blue, solitary, they bloom in the axils of the upper leaves, surprising almost with a furry, against which yellow anthers of stamens shine.
Cyanotis Bedomi (Cyanotis beddomei, also known as Cyanotis Kew, Cyanotis kewensis) is a short and very pretty species that develops in the form of compact but lush carpets. This is a herbaceous perennial with rising-creeping shoots, creating a thick and dense turf. Leaves hug the stem, they are heart-lanceolate, up to 4 cm long and up to 2 cm wide. The flowers are located on the tops of the shoots, in a kind of curls. This cyanotis differs from Somali in reddish, dark pubescent shoots and fleshy leaves with a purple back. Purple flowers are small and somewhat inconspicuous.
Cyanotis vaga (Cyanotis vaga, formerly known by its synonym name, Cyanotis nodiflora, Cyanotis nodiflora) is a compact perennial with straight, branched stems, slightly different in growth form from the two species described above. Pointed dark green lanceolate leaves hug the shoots. Flowers in sessile inflorescences bloom only in the axils of the upper leaves, they are lilac-blue, with an unusual fluffy edge.
Conditions for growing indoor cyanotises
According to the requirements for lighting and temperatures, cyanotis can be classified as typical not too capricious exotics. This African feels better in diffused, soft lighting, requires a cool winter. The main difficulties in growing cyanotises are associated with the latter, because in ordinary living rooms it is not easy to maintain the correct temperature for them. The rest of the cyanotis is not too picky.
Cyanotis can be grown as an ampule plant, because its creeping shoots gradually become quite long and can beautifully and chaotically wilted. But, most often, the plant is used as an ordinary potted plant or in various mixed compositions. Cyanotis is especially good in florariums, terrariums, winter garden compositions with other succulent-type cultures.
Lighting and placement in the interior
Cyanotis are accustomed to fairly intense lighting. This plant does not tolerate strong shading and prefers to grow in diffused light. The cyanotis does not tolerate direct sunlight even in winter, but in autumn and winter the plant must be rearranged on brighter windows or provide appropriate compensation for insufficient illumination with illumination.
In the interior, cyanotises can be placed not only on window sills, although it is eastern or western windows that are considered to be the optimal place for them. The fact is that cyanotis responds well to artificial lighting and can be grown even on completely artificial illumination. Choosing a place for cyanotis, they are guided by places similar in light level to light window sills.
Temperature and ventilation
Cyanotis is a moderately heat-loving plant. If in nature this inhabitant of the tropics tolerates any heat, then in the rooms it is better for him to ensure stable air temperatures of about + 20 ° C. The plant is “saved” from excessive heat by airing and reducing the light intensity. At stably high room temperatures, cyanotis ages and degrades faster.
The most difficult thing in growing indoor cyanotises is a cool wintering. The plant can winter in ordinary living rooms, but it will lose its decorative effect more quickly and will need more frequent rejuvenation. The optimum temperature in winter is from +14 to + 16 ° C. Cyanotis will not tolerate drops in air temperature below + 12 ° C.
Home Cyanotis Care
The main disadvantage of cyanotis is its tendency to aging. The bushes of the plant quickly lose their decorative effect, and without rejuvenation every two or three years it will be impossible to admire this tamed exot. The rest of the care for the plant is quite standard. Cyanotis does not like waterlogging, requires systematic, accurate watering and careful top dressing. But there is no need to take measures to humidify the air.
Watering and humidity
Cyanotis can not be considered a hygrophilous room exotics. This plant feels comfortable in light, steadily moist soil. Watering for the plant is carried out sparingly even in the summer, allowing the substrate to partially dry and trying to maintain it in a slightly wet state constantly.
Winter watering for cyanotis is reduced to a minimum, just maintaining the vitality of the roots and preventing the plant from drying out. The soil should remain almost dry at this time.
Watering for cyanotises should be carried out carefully so that drops of water do not fall on either leaves or shoots. Any wetting causes the onset of decay.
Cyanotis not only does not need measures to increase air humidity, but is also afraid of a too humid environment. Spraying for this plant is strictly prohibited, as well as placing it next to moisturizers. Dust can be cleaned with a brush.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
Cyanotis is afraid of excess nutrients. Fertilizing for it is carried out with a standard frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks, but only from March to August and halved compared to the recommended doses of fertilizers.
For cyanotises, you need to choose fertilizers for decorative and deciduous plants.
Pruning and cyanotis formation
Cyanotis, if desired, can be restrained in growth, partially cutting off long shoots. But usually pruning leads to faster growth and faster degeneration.
Over time, the plant loses its shape, the lower parts of the shoots are exposed, and dry patches form in the center of the pillows. Lost decorative cyanotis must be rejuvenated. To do this, it is enough to divide the plant during transplantation or replace the old bush with a new one, grown from stem cuttings.
When handling cyanotis, you should be very careful, because the plant is too brittle.
Transplant, selection of capacity and substrate
This groundcover, in spite of its perennial status, needs frequent rejuvenation and transplantation for a plant is usually carried out when the need arises. Standard is 1 transplant in 2 years.
For cyanotis, only light, breathable, non-compacting substrates for succulents are suitable. If the soil mixture is prepared independently, it is better to mix peat, humus, leafy soil and sand in equal parts. For cyanotises, too fertile substrates should not be used. Loosening additives in the substrate are welcome. Cyanotis, despite the fear of getting wet, grows great on hydroponics. You can grow the plant in ionite soil, and in a minimum amount of substrate, and in decorative soils in the florarium.
Cyanotis is not afraid of contact with the roots. A plant is planted while maintaining the same level of penetration. Brittle shoots must be handled very carefully. A high, up to 1/3 of the height, drainage layer must be laid at the bottom of the tanks.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
In cyanotises, lesions are often found in pests that live in dry air. Spider mites, scutes and aphids adore pubescent leaves of the plant. Fight insect pests is possible only with the use of insecticides.
Common growing problems:
- loss of fringe with abundant top dressing or using too fertile soil;
- fading leaves and stretching shoots in the shade;
- brown spots on leaves in direct sunlight.
Reproduction of cyanotis
Despite the status of a valuable and rare species, cyanotis is very easy to grow yourself. The plant at home, the easiest way to propagate by cuttings: apical or stem, non-long cuttings root very quickly in almost any environment - in water, and sand, and the substrate under the hood. Cuttings should be kept in shade and warmth.
After rooting, the plants are planted in small wide plates using a standard substrate for these plants. Cuttings are also the simplest method of rejuvenating cyanotises. Broken shoots often root in the same container in which the mother plant grows (for example, in the place of bald spots in the center of old bushes).
You can get cyanotis from seeds. They are sown in light soil, under glass or film, and before germination they contain crops in heat, at an air temperature above 20 degrees and in complete darkness. The substrate should remain slightly moist. After the emergence of seedlings, the containers are transferred to the light, the shelter is removed after the seedlings have grown. Young cyanotises are afraid of both waterlogging and direct sun.
If you grow cyanotis indoors, share your experience in the comments to the article. Our readers will be very grateful to you!