Florist calendar for December
With the advent of frost and snowfall, all gardeners begin the long-awaited vacation. But even in the long winter, when a snow-white coverlet wraps the garden kingdom in frosty shackles, one should not completely relax from garden hassles. And forget about the garden and its main characters - plants are not worth it. In December, the center of attention was decorative ensembles, flower beds and paved coverings. But it is better not to postpone monitoring and planning.
Safety and cleanliness come first
In winter, the garden must be cleaned of snow. But not everywhere and everywhere you need to get rid of the snow cover. First of all, after snowfalls, you should get rid of the fluffy bedspreads on all paths, trails, paved areas, terraces, porches, stairs as soon as possible.
In a word, at all objects that are designed to move around the garden and for which snow, gradually turning into a crust of ice, can be fatal. Snow cleaning is necessary not only for easier movement, but also for the preservation of stone and concrete structures, your safety.
Correct nature and redistribute snow
When cleaning your garden, trails and grounds from the fallen snow, do not rush to throw fluffy shelter from the site. Snow is not only reliable, but also vital for leaving a successful wintering.
Indeed, it is not for nothing that most of the beautifully flowering types of garden crops are so afraid of a snowless winter. And so that there is no risk of freezing of the plants, it is better to provide a fluffy coverlet with your own hands. So bulbous wintering, perennials from phlox to irises, roses, standard plants, creepers and shrubs and other garden crops bent to the soil so winter.
When clearing paths and trails, throw snow on the fence and flower beds. And where the situation is too windy, create a particularly powerful coating and additionally install snow-holding shields from branches, boards, and other devices for plants on blown places. When the cleaning is over - soak the bedspread around decorative trees, shrubs, between the curtains of plants.
This must be done not only to seal the coating, to provide reliable shelter even with significant temperature fluctuations, but also to complicate the movement of mice and other rodents underground under the ground. Wrap plants with snow, starting from the first December snowfall and do not slow down until the end of winter.
Shake off snow from trees and shrubs and monitor their condition
Decorative representatives of the shrub-wood group more than their fruit and berry competitors need help during the winter. Thick branching, fragile shoots, not to mention vaccination, constant pruning, leaving only young branches - these are the factors due to which ornamental plants are more vulnerable to snow burden than powerful and rare crowns in the orchard.
If too much snow falls, under its weight the plant can simply break down, and even more so if the snowfall is combined with a thaw period and such a shelter is especially heavy, wet, dense. Shake off snow from crowns and evergreens and deciduous plants after all heavy snowfalls and raising temperatures.
Just take a walk in the garden and shake off the white cover from the branches, no matter how beautiful it may seem. Taking care of the protective sealing of crowns will help in many respects to help: coniferous and other decorative trees are better tied with twine, pull the crown to minimize the risk of damage under the snow.
In addition to shaking off the snow, try to carefully examine your decorative pets. If you see even a small break, a crack - immediately treat them with garden var. Check and saw cuts, log houses, wounds, hemp made in the fall: if the weather permits, try in December to re-treat all sections with garden varieties or special means for treating wounds. It should immediately respond to the first signs of a red ulcer on plants: branches should be immediately cut to healthy tissues, followed by processing of wood.
If you did not have time to do this in the fall or accidentally missed spoiled fruits and berries, left them on the branches, then remove them when visiting the garden in December. Inspect the crown should be on the traces of pests nests. This month, some gardeners are used to removing and destroying all seeds, fruits and panicles from ornamental plants, but if they still decorate the garden, do not rush.
Unlike fruit plants, on ornamental plants they will not become a refuge for pests and fungi. Moreover, beautiful berries and seeds will become an additional source of food for birds and animals and will help your garden to be attractive even in winter.
A special approach to lawns
Green carpets need a completely different approach: the snow cover for them should never be trampled on. Moreover, during the winter it is better not to walk on the lawn at all. Do not direct snow scattered from the paths onto the lawns. Large snowdrifts do not need a lawn, but an even natural coating of 10 cm in height will benefit. If, as a result of the temperature difference, the site is shackled in ice, crust, then it must be carefully destroyed and split.
Lawns before the first snow can still be cleaned by removing leaves and other garbage from them. This is the last chance to do all the necessary procedures. But cleaning can only be done on a fine, dry and warm day.
If in December the land has not yet frozen, then lay the ground under a new lawn not in the early spring, namely at the beginning of winter. Just turn over blocks of soil on the site and let the winter fluff up the soil. So the process of creating a new lawn will be greatly simplified.
With the onset of severe frosts, begin to regularly monitor the degree of freezing of water in the pond. Do not allow the mirror to completely freeze and be sure to leave at least a small hole for air access. You can strengthen it, protect it from freezing with the help of polystyrene foam or plastic bottles.
If frost has formed on the tracks, then cleaning them without salt and other anti-icing products without harm to the coating will be very difficult. Today, the choice of funds is great, and many drugs are considered almost safe for plants. But when working with any chemical compounds, and even more so with salt, be careful. It must be applied so as not to harm the plants in the garden, especially crops located close to the paths.
Try to scatter drugs carefully, so that not a grain comes into contact with the soil. And the snow from the tracks, even that fell after processing from icing, must be discarded, thrown out of the site.
Hedges growing along the perimeter of the plot also need protection from chemicals. Green walls, which border the roadway and the road, must be protected from salt and chemicals with the help of a film, reed mats and mandatory dry mulching of the soil under plants. Perfectly protect the soil from the effects of chemicals sawdust, bark, shavings. In spring, mulch is thrown away, and shelter is removed.
Finishing touches in sheltering roses and other plants
In December, you need to close all the cracks and openings in the shelters of roses, if the weather has allowed to leave them before the start of winter for effective ventilation of the bushes.
For the rest of the covered plants, inspect the protection and, if damaged by wind or rain, renew the foliage layer, adjust the wrappers, replace the materials. Of those roses and shrubs that winter without shelter, you must definitely remove the last leaves (if you have not done this before).
Planting krupnomer and removal of stumps
If you want to buy an adult plant for quick design, then December is the perfect month to buy large-sized plants. Slower development and practically stopped sap flow processes will allow you to relocate to your garden with minimal injuries. Planting should be carried out in accordance with the instructions of the nursery that has grown a tree or shrub, but the main thing is to provide the plant with selection-extensions, high-quality mulching of the soil and a minimum of injuries during the transshipment process.
Those trees that you decided to abandon due to old age, illness, damage, it is best to get rid of in December. Uprooting stumps, cutting off ground parts and clearing the area is easiest just at the beginning of winter. Moreover, since efforts to bring the soil in order will be minimal.
We continue to prepare for large frosts for furniture and Co.
Metal, wooden furniture, gardening items wintering under the open sky, various objects of small architecture and sculptures in the garden, which do not need to be carried away indoors for the winter, must be protected from ice in December. If you have not done this in advance, be sure to cover all the remaining garden items with waterproof film or other shelters to help protect structures from moisture and ice.
Do not forget about the equipment that you continue to use even in the cold season and garden assistants working on fuel. At the beginning of the month you must:
- take out the spark plugs;
- drain fuel (both gasoline and oil-gasoline mixtures).
If any equipment or equipment needs repair, take it at the very beginning of winter and do not postpone the process until the last.
Do not forget about the ubiquitous rodents and other animals
Throughout December, be as attentive to rodents as possible. In the first month of winter, they can get close to succulent bulbous and tuberous plants growing in the soil, stare at your stocks of planting material for your favorite spring and summer accents, not to mention the tender bark of young seedlings. Try to take measures at the first signs of detecting the activity of mice and other animals: prepare a stock of poisoned baits, traps, and modern means of fighting rodents.
But useful animals in December can not do without your help. Be sure to take care of hedgehogs and birds, which even at the very beginning of winter will suffer from a lack of food. Arrange feeders in the garden and hang feasts for birds, do not forget to periodically replenish feed supplies. With your help, a long and hungry winter may not be so harsh. And with the advent of the active season, animals will more than thank you for your care, help fight pests and fill the gardens with life and sounds.
Monitoring planting material stored outside the soil
In December, when the largest temperature difference occurs, it is extremely important to carefully monitor the conditions under which tulips, gladioli, and root tubers of other beloved perennials are stored. After all, the risk that humidity and heat will be excessive is very high. Check that the correct temperature is maintained, avoid dampness and constantly ventilate the premises so that the moist air does not stagnate.
The plants themselves also need to be checked: inspect tubers and bulbs for traces of rot, change peat and sand in a timely manner if you store plants in a substrate. At the slightest sign of rot, prune the damage and try to save the planting material by treating sections with a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicide and sprinkling with charcoal. If the damage is severe, immediately discard the root tubers.
At the first signs of insufficient moisture, wrinkling, drying out, increase the soil moisture and water the plants wintering in the substrate, slightly moisten the bulbs.
Pay attention to cuttings that are at the rooting stage or persist until spring. Inspect them as often as stored stocks of bulb and tuber crops. And at the first signs of decay, the spread of mold, immediately destroy the diseased specimens.
Chamber and pot rooms also need inspections
Plants that do not have sufficient frost resistance to winter in the garden and taken to rooms with different conditions for the dormant period need careful maintenance and constant inspections. Watering is needed for these plants even during wintering, but they must be scarce, restrained. For procedures, you can use only water of the same temperature with indoor air. Damaged branches, too thin and long shoots are best removed immediately, without waiting for spring.
Do not allow dust to accumulate on the leaves of evergreen crops. Inspections of plants for traces of pests and diseases should be carried out every week: the sooner you identify a problem, the easier and faster it will be dealt with. Of particular danger to garden plants wintering indoors is the spider mite.
If plants winter in a cold conservatory or a greenhouse with an unheated floor, then stands must be placed under the pots: they will help prevent the cooling of the root system.
Putting order in the seed store
The seed fund, the stock of seeds purchased or collected personally in the garden is also better to sort in December. So you not only have time to make purchase plans in time and use the most favorable periods of discounts, but you can also prepare for planning your landings for next year.
Make a list of all available seeds and planting stock, check expiration dates, sowing dates. Seeds that are no longer suitable for planting, discard. And those in need of stratification (seeds of a leotard, gentian, aconite, adonis, etc.) - put in the cold. And be sure to make a schedule of planting plants for seedlings, so that then you do not return to this issue.
December is a great month for shopping for new planting material. Corms, bulbs and seeds at the end of the year can be bought at a discount, and pre-holiday promotions will help to save significantly. If you manage to evaluate your stocks, you can replenish the seed fund with significant budget savings.
This month is worth thinking about gifts from among the tools and other garden assistants. After all, sales and promotions often bring surprises. Yes, and "fresh on the heels" you can make more rational purchases.
Summarize last season
After the New Year, the time will come for planning. And in December, it's time to do an assessment of the past season. And highlight a day or two to take stock, reverse positive and negative changes or unexpected incidents.
Appreciate flower beds, flower beds, ornamental plantings, individual plants (especially young ones). Note the positive features of the crops and the shortcomings, the necessary correction of growing conditions and the main features of care. According to them, you can competently draw up a plan of gardening next year and think over changes in design.