Why do not bloom senpolia at home?
Among the flowering houseplants of Saintpaulia - one of the most "reliable". And it may seem that they in any house are simply obliged to bloom almost all year round. But even the senpolis, for all their unpretentiousness and endurance, require at least minimally comfortable conditions and care. Problems with the selection of lighting, temperature, placement, and most often with watering and transplants lead to the fact that instead of charming small bouquets in pots, one has to admire only the outlets of velvet leaves. Fortunately, the absence of flowering in violets is usually easy to cope with.
The right place and minimal maintenance
Claiming the title of the most beloved houseplant, Saintpaulia baby is suitable even for beginner gardeners. There is nothing complicated in its cultivation. In the case of the senpolis, problems are very rare. But if they arise, they are invariably associated with flowering. The ability to bloom relentlessly, for a long time and without special incentives in the senpolia is unique. Therefore, flowering disorders are noticeable much brighter than in plants requiring a long preparation and pause.
As with almost any issue regarding developmental and blooming issues, prevention is the most effective way to combat it. And indoor violets do not allow such problems that would cause a lack of flowering, and the truth is much simpler than making gross errors.
For indoor violets, it is very simple to find a comfortable place in the house. They are suitable for decoration and interior decoration, and window sills - if you avoid places where they will be exposed to direct rays, or strong shading. They are as if created for soft lighting, which can be found both at a certain distance from the windows, and on the northern, eastern or western windowsills.
Modern varieties with fancy colors and flower shapes most often require a certain duration of daylight hours - up to 12 hours. Highlighting is not only acceptable, but desirable, because the senpolis react to artificial lighting in the same way as to natural.
Difficulties with the selection of conditions that are comfortable for the senpolia may arise only with temperatures. After all, uzambar violets love stability and grow best at temperatures in the range of 20-25 degrees. They love the small difference between night and daytime temperatures. But they will not tolerate severe cold (below 16 degrees Celsius), sharp jumps in these indicators and drafts. Indoor violets adapt well to the dry air of apartments.
Senpolias are not accidentally considered to be plants in need of minimal care. After all, they do not require anything beyond regular care. To enjoy the beauty of healthy, plentifully flowering bushes, it is enough to take care of just a few elements:
- About choosing a comfortable method of watering (lower, wick, drip, classic) and maintaining stable light soil moisture with drying of the top layer. An excellent reference point is leaves that retain elasticity and intensity of colors during comfortable watering, losing turgor in a drought.
- On observing accuracy when watering and tracking the movement of water flows during classical watering (in no case should the base of the outlet and the leaves themselves be soaked);
- Not too zealous feeding - in reduced doses, only during the period of growth and flowering, with special fertilizers for senpolia.
- About keeping the leaves clean.
- About growing in a special substrate for senpolia with increased breathability.
- About transplantation, as necessary, with mandatory separation, after growth retardation, into small and shallow containers (standard size - up to 9 cm).
It is violations of the basic requirements of violets to the conditions of detention and care that are the main factors that they do not bloom. With one exception: sometimes even these long-lasting beauties age.
The need for rejuvenation affects flowering in the first place, especially when it comes to the formation of a large number of daughter rosettes and smaller bushes. Violets in comfortable conditions annually release several children, and in a few years their number can reach ten. And if daughter sockets are not timely planted, even the strongest mother plant in such a group will not bloom.
Ideally, the senpolia should be in an individual pot. Too many leaves should not be confused with such growth. It would be a big mistake to remove “extra” leaves from especially lush sockets to save “strength”, because the number of leaves directly determines the abundance of flowering.
Flowering problems are also found in plants that do not form children, but simply stretch out. In some varieties, a tall, bare stalk is formed after 3 years. As soon as the violet is deformed, after the lower leaves die off, unattractively exposing the base and forming a peculiar trunk, flowering also begins to suffer until it is absent. And the top needs to be re-rooted.
Dealing with aging is easy. Senpolia enough to rejuvenate or grow young bushes from the leaves. Propagating violets is so easy that every year from one adult bush you can get dozens of plants - and not only separating the side rosettes.
Rooting leaves is the best way to save violets. So you can get healthy, young bushes, which in a few months will please lush flowering.
10 main reasons that prevent violets from blooming
- Insufficient lighting. Direct rays leave burns and lead to a general loss of decorativeness, but they rarely affect the production of peduncles. But the lack of light, first of all, manifests itself in two signs - blanching and deformation of the leaves and the absence or very poor flowering.
- Lowering air temperature below 16 degrees heat or hypothermia.
- Watering with cold water, to which the senpolia responds in the same way as to cold air.
- Irrigation waterleading to salinization of the soil.
- Dampness, constant overflow and stagnation of water or inaccurate watering, which leads to wetting and damage to the neck and base of the leaves.
- Too high temperatures (from 25 degrees) in combination with burns from direct sun.
- Extremely dry airThis is usually a dangerous proximity to heating appliances.
- Calcareous soil or with the wrong texture - too light (not retaining moisture), clay and dense (not allowing the roots to breathe), depleted, etc.
- Planting in very deep and large pots or lack of normal drainage holes and drainage layer.
- Use of universal fertilizers, an overdose of nitrogen and potassium, a lack of trace elements.
Sure, pest infestation may also lead to a lack of flowering, but usually this only occurs with extreme neglect. As in the case of diseases, the cause will still have to be found in improper care.
Dear readers! With all the problems that cause the lack of flowering in the senpolia, it is simple to handle: it is enough to eliminate the cause. Backlighting, rearrangement, control of temperature, water quality, fertilizer composition are just a few examples. All misses just need to be “fixed” and the violet will surely please you with flowering!