Comparison of eggplant varieties from Agrouspech
Among the many different varieties of these popular vegetables, we will talk about three that are distinguished by excellent taste and relatively unpretentious growing conditions.
Characteristics of eggplant varieties "Diamond", "Black Beauty" and "Valentine"
All three varieties have medium density pulp. At "Diamond" it is greenish, and at other two - yellowish-white. They are united by good germination and excellent productivity, but at different times.
“Valentina” belongs to the early varieties; this hybrid was bred specifically for a high harvest in early summer. Two months after sowing seedlings, you can pick vegetables from a lush bush with a powerful root system, bright foliage and short internodes.
The skin color and shape are different for everyone.:
- "Valentina F1" - black, the fruit is thin, oblong;
- “Diamond” has a dark purple, ovoid fruit with a rounded nose;
- the "Black Beauty" has an elongated pear-shaped fruit of brown-violet color.
All of them have a glossy smooth surface and excellent presentation, as well as the taste. Ideal for preparing dishes and preparations. From these eggplants, excellent caviar is obtained during conservation. They are easy to process, as the pulp does not have bitterness, which must be removed from other varieties.
- “Valentine F1” - 90-110 days (early ripening), yield about 3.2 kg / sq.m. in the open ground;
- “Diamond” - 109-149 days (mid-season), productivity - 2-7.5 kg / sq.m;
- "Black Beauty" - 112-130 days (mid-season) on average 6.5 kg / sq.m.
Eggplants are susceptible to late blight. To reduce the risk of the disease, it is recommended to plant plants with a distance of at least 40 cm, and the passage between the rows should be 90 cm. Observe the watering regime, since increased humidity contributes to the development of fungal diseases. To prevent the occurrence of late blight, it is necessary to treat the eggplant with a solution of wood ash. If the disease has already manifested, treat the aerial part with any drug containing copper or the biological drug Fitosporin.
Eggplant should not be planted where tomatoes, potatoes, peppers or eggplants were previously grown. It is recommended to grow eggplant in place after peas, beans, beans, cucumbers, cabbage, root crops such as beets and carrots are also acceptable.
Eggplant variety "Diamond" little susceptible to the tomato and pepper mosaic virus and phytoplasm (column). The main danger for Diamond is the Colorado potato beetle, however, as for all eggplants.
Eggplant variety "Valentine F1" possesses a stable immunity to diseases, but in any case, do not keep it in conditions of high humidity, since the hybrid is susceptible to fungal diseases. In addition to the Colorado potato beetle, aphids, spider mites and slugs are also dangerous.
Eggplant variety "Black Beauty" need to be protected from tobacco mosaic with a soap solution or Fitosporin solution. From gray rot use fungicidal preparations, for example, Chorus, Iron sulfate, Topaz, Medea, Gamair, Sporobacterin. Preparations from rot can protect only healthy plants, and rotten eggplants are harvested and burned. The drug Fitolavin, Patron, Trichoflor, Alirin-b is effective against the black leg.
We control humidity, as eggplants are susceptible to fungal diseases. Top dressing 2-3 times per season.
Important - the first 2 weeks after transplanting seedlings do not feed. This rule applies to seedlings of any culture.
Valentine's bushes do not need to be formed, but the lower drying leaves and shoots need to be removed. Plants are tied so that they do not break under the weight of the fruit.
Diamond is a compact variety that will be relevant for small areas.
Black handsome indeterminate variety, which can grow up to 1.5 m. Formation is a mandatory procedure when growing this variety. All leaves and shoots that are below the first fork are removed. Pinch the top of the main trunk as soon as it reaches a height of 35 cm. For one bush there should be no more than 10 ovaries.
Eggplants need proper care and protection from diseases and pests. Follow the recommendations from our article and you can enjoy a wonderful harvest. To get a good harvest - you need to choose high-quality seeds. Eggplant seeds Agro success have a germination rate of 72-75%, despite the fact that, according to GOST, commodity germination of eggplant is 60%. Varieties of all crops are selected in such a way that they are suitable for cultivation in any region of Russia, and everywhere they will produce crops. Growing eggplant even in the northern strip of Russia is not a problem if you have Agro success seeds.