What threatens a snowless winter to the garden and garden?
We are all accustomed to the fact that winter pleases us with heavy snowfalls, we ride on sleds from the mountains, go skiing, and on flooded skating rinks we come off with all our might, skating. The garden and the garden are also “sometimes happy” when it is covered with a thick layer of snowy “blanket”. But, unfortunately, this is not always the case, because sometimes there are snowless winters, like the winter of 2000-2001, when it was cold in winter, but there was practically no snow and then the plants were not easy.
- What is dangerous snowless winter for plants?
- What to do to protect plants?
What is dangerous snowless winter for plants?
Snowless winter is dangerous because the soil can freeze to a very great depth, thereby destroying most, and maybe the entire root system of fruit crops, both pome and stone fruits. Of course, the thermophilic cultures that we covered with non-woven material, but with the expectation that a thick snow layer also lies on top, will suffer in the first place: these are blackberries, gumis, strawberries. What can I say, in a snowless and frosty winter, even gooseberries can pretty much suffer from frost.
The worst thing is that those cultures that froze in especially harsh winters to the level of snow (the same gumi), this time, are likely to die completely: after all, their roots will also freeze and restore the aerial part from the buds located on the roots, eat due to root growth they will not succeed.
What to do to protect plants?
If frost sets in, but there is no snow, and even weather forecasters do not predict it, then you need to act quickly, but wisely - do not waste a minute of time, but do not grab everything at once, otherwise it will only get worse. First, pay attention to fruit trees and berry bushes. Be sure to cover all of their near-mouth zones and near-trunk strips with a thick layer of humus or sawdust, the layer should be really thick, not a couple of centimeters, but 15-20 at least.
In shrubs, it is necessary to fill in this way the area of the near-trunk circle (with a radius from the center of the bush about a meter or one and a half), and in trees - equal to two meters or even three if the tree is more than a decade and a half.
Protection of bushes and fruit crops
Start with the most delicate crops, such as blackberries, raspberries, apricots, and then go for apple trees, plums, and so on. Do not forget that the aboveground part can withstand severe frosts, but even winter-hardy roots without snow can die even in cold weather at minus 15 degrees if it lasts five or six days.
To keep even the smallest grains of snow, be sure to put spruce paws on top of the mulch, they perfectly retain the snow, and on top of that, they will strengthen your insulation a bit, and will not let it scatter around the site from sudden gusts of wind.
In the future, more often visit the site where the trees and shrubs grow, and if a little snow falls, try to collect it and additionally cover the plants. And remember - the snow should remain loose, fluffy, only this way it will retain heat.
When shrubs and trees are safely covered, you can begin to shelter the vines. It is advisable to do this on the same day, because if there are only a dozen shrubs and as many trees on a site, then it will take no more than a couple of hours to shelter them.
Of the vines require mandatory shelter: lemongrass, actinidia and grapes. Be sure to remove them from the supports and lay them on sawdust or non-woven covering material, or even on boards, so that the liana does not touch the soil. On top of the vines it is also necessary to spread the non-woven material, and cover it with a layer of sawdust or humus with a thickness of 15-25 cm; then put spruce paws to hold the snow.
In such a “pie”, creepers should be safely preserved until spring, most importantly, providing protection from mice, usually poisoned baits can serve it. Be sure that most of the buds on these plants with this method of shelter can survive even a snowless winter.
Now let's pay attention to roses, the best option is to try to bend them to the ground and fill them with sawdust, but if this does not work out, you can take five-liter plastic bottles, cut off the bottom and top of them, put the rose bush there and fill them with sawdust to the top, to the maximum sealing and cover with a non-woven covering material on top.
Do not forget that pruning is permissible for roses even to a height of 15-20 centimeters, the buds on this part are enough to restore the bush. Most importantly, do not forget to strengthen the material with something so that it does not fly away from the wind to a neighboring site.
Shelter of heat-loving crops in boxes
At the end of the day or the next, you can cover such cultures as large-leaved hydrangeas, rhododendrons, peonies, buddles and the like. They don’t always endure snowy winters without losses, and even if there is no snow, they will surely die. Why did we postpone their shelter? Yes, because this requires special training, namely the construction of wooden boxes. You can put them together from slats, which can be taken from ordinary wooden boxes, just fill them so that you get something like a box, but without a bottom.
After such boxes are ready, the bushes, if necessary, need to be tied with twine so that, placing them in the boxes, not to break the branches. Further, just to the top, these boxes should be filled with everything at hand, it can be sawdust, dry leaves and even rags - if nothing else is at hand. After the boxes are neatly filled, they need to be wrapped with a film, in a circle, insulating all the cracks and fixing it so that the wind does not rip off.
The crown of our box can not be covered, but a couple of spruce paws is still worth putting. In the future, as soon as the snow starts to fall, you also need to sketch more of it: first, to the bases of the baskets, and then you can completely fill them up, there will be nothing bad, the main thing is to quickly remove shelters so that the soil and plants begin to warm up, wake up after the winter hibernation and acquire new shoots.
By the way, after removing them, the box can not be disassembled into separate planks, they may well come in handy in the future, most importantly, they should be placed in a dry place, or just well dried and placed in a barn or garage until winter.
In conclusion - strawberries. Some people make it simple trivial - they fill the plantation with water, literally freezing strawberries in ice, this is quite acceptable, most importantly, first you need to properly fence the site so that the water does not spread throughout the site, and the pouring process is not too expensive.
If you are afraid to fill the plantation with water or it sounds scary for you, then cover the strawberries with a layer of sawdust 20 cm thick, you can also sprinkle more fir paws on top or spread non-woven covering material, such protection should “work” and the strawberries will be reliably protected in a snowless winter.
These are the dangers of a snowless winter, and in the ways described above it is possible to save cultures from its negative factors. If you have other methods of plant protection in service, write about them in the comments, it will be interesting and useful for everyone to get new valuable knowledge.