Sow thistle - malicious weed
Sow thistle (Sonchus) Is a genus of plants of the family Asteraceae. Annual, biennial or perennial grasses, sometimes woody at the base. The genus includes about 70 species. Garden sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) and field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) are weeds. Sometimes a type of thistle is called sow thistle.
The roots are long, well developed (with accessory buds). The root system of sow thistle is characterized by a superficial arrangement. The main core root does not sink into the ground deeper than 50 cm. Long horizontal roots extend from it, reaching one meter or more in length, occurring no deeper than 6-12 cm. The entire root system of sow thistle is very fragile, even minor fragments of the roots (up to 3 cm) long) are able to take root and form shoots. Propagation of sow thistle in crops is almost exclusively due to the formation of root offspring. The stalk is straight, glandular-hairy or glabrous in the upper part. Leaves lanceolate-pinnate with triangular lobes, provided with rounded ears at the base. The upper leaves are whole. Inflorescences are rather large baskets, in the open state up to 3 cm across. Sow thistle blooms from July to September. Achenes are oval, oblate, 2.5-3 mm long, 0.75-1 mm wide and 0.4 mm thick. They are dark brown, bluntly rounded at the top, narrowed to the base, with 5 rather protruding longitudinal ribs. The fly from white simple soft hairs is easily separated from the achenes.
Almost all of Europe and northern Africa, as an alien plant in America, Australia and Japan. In Russia: the entire European part, the Caucasus, the southern part of Western and Eastern Siberia, the north of Central Asia, the Far East.
Weeding can help in the fight against sow thistle. In spring, the nutrients accumulated in the roots support the growth of the vegetative system of these perennial weeds. In the first 2 weeks, the roots, providing the vegetation, are substantially depleted, and only then the vegetative system that has arisen begins to give nutrients to the roots. If at this moment to destroy the aerial part of the plant, it will regenerate the vegetative system again at the expense of the roots, weakening them even more. Thus, repeating weeding perennial every 2 weeks, it can simply be completely depleted.
Digging against sow thistle helps digging with a selection of rhizomes, in extreme cases - frequent mowing. In early spring, sow thistle is uprooted while it can still be pulled out of damp land.
In autumn, if the soil is clogged with weed seeds, a non-moldboard treatment is used, in which the seeds remain on top (at a favorable depth). Sprouted weeds that same fall or next spring will be destroyed by frost or the first tillage. But if plowed soil is plowed up or dug up with a shovel, then the seeds will “spread” over the entire arable layer, partially germinate, and if it is unsuitable for seedling, they will melt away, maintaining germination for 20 years or more. Therefore, it is impossible to break the clods formed during digging.
A simple and easy-to-use way of combating unattractive weeds in the garden, between courtyards and in front of the house - the so-called Moorish lawn - sowing seeds of flowering and sprouting perennial wild plants (by the way, they can be planted by moving strong specimens from a forest or meadow meadow). It is advisable to keep the land under the lawn under steam (not sown) in order to identify the most malicious weeds, and then make compost or complex mineral fertilizer (60-100 g per 1 m2, preferably in the full moon or waning moon). Sand-mixed seeds scatter along and across the plot.
A thick liquid (milk) is secreted from the stem of sow thistle, for which the people have received the name "euphorbia". All flowers in the baskets have light yellow reed petals. Young leaves and stems are edible. With great pleasure is eaten by pets. It has strong growth energy.
It grows in all regions on deposits, in vegetable gardens, along roads, along the banks of ponds, in bushes, a weed plant.
In Chinese medicine, the use of roots as a hemostatic agent is recommended, herbs as a tonic and restorative, vitamin remedy. Leaf juice mixed with egg yolk has been used in folk medicine to treat breast cancer.
For the treatment of jaundice as a laxative and choleretic, herbs and throat roots are used. Water infusion of garden sow thistle is used for inflammatory processes of the stomach, intestines, liver, lungs, jaundice, and hemorrhoids. Fresh and boiled grass - in the form of poultices with inflammatory painful seals, with chronic gastroenteritis, tonsillitis.
Sow thistle roots are used for jade.
The vegetative mass of plants is useful for bone-articular tuberculosis, fevers, as anthelmintic, for urolithiasis, for diuretic, tonic, as well as for ascites, epigastric pain, for hemorrhoids, hemoptysis, as a detoxification for scorpion bites use leaves.
And how do you deal with this malicious weed? Waiting for your recommendations!