Plant protection with the help of infusions of nettle, horsetail and fern
The choice of plant protection products today is so great that even experienced gardeners find it difficult to navigate the assortment. But despite the huge number of classic and representing a new generation of biotechnology drugs, the most popular are “folk” methods of pest and disease control. Proven for centuries, natural, environmentally friendly, affordable and completely harmless, infusions and decoctions do not lose their effectiveness. And some of the most effective remedies are prepared from horsetail, nettle and fern.
Among the old methods of controlling and protecting plants, herbal infusions have always occupied a special place. They are united by efficiency, safety for plants, and for the garden, and for the health of gardeners, and, of course, the softness of the effect. Unlike other methods of treatment against pests and diseases, they do not harm the plants themselves and work better as a means of prevention: strengthening their resistance, increasing resistance, they are much more effective than drugs that fight only with the problem itself and do not affect the causes of its manifestation .
Horsetail, nettle and fern are three underrated helpers in the fight against diseases and pests. This three is united by the presence of substances that protect cultivated plants and enhance natural defense mechanisms.
To prepare infusions from these plants is very simple. Usually they are created with a margin and used as necessary. They do not lose their properties over a long period and can even be used for the next year. They are simply poured into plastic vessels at the end of the season and stored tightly closed in a dark, cold place.
1. Nettle infusion
Nettle is often perceived as a weed or medicinal plant that they want to see (and collect) anywhere, but not in their area. But this burning and rather aggressive culture is capable of not only harming the garden. Nettle infusion is one of the most universal remedies for controlling both diseases and pests. Furthermore: this is one of the best "green fertilizers" for plants. Nettle is a source of nutrients and biologically active substances, stimulates growth and improves the attractiveness of plants due to the effects of iron, magnesium, calcium, vitamins, formic and silicic acids.
Nettles for use in order to control pests and diseases should be collected before blooming - in spring and summer (the collection of herbs can be increased by cutting, preventing flowering and stimulating thickening).
The main advantage of nettle infusion is invisible. It increases the immunity and resistance of plants and strengthens their ability to withstand negative influences. But they also use it to combat individual problems, in particular, late blight, chlorosis, other fungal infections and pests - aphids and spider mites. This is one of the best herbal remedies for processing roses from pests.
To prepare nettle infusion, you need:
- 1 kg of crushed nettle leaves pour 10 liters of clean cold water.
- After 12 hours, mix and strain the infusion.
To fight with late blight more suitable is not an infusion of nettle, but a decoction prepared in half the amount of water. If you want to achieve an enhanced result, do not soak the leaves in advance, but bring them to a boil over low heat and use the broth immediately after cooling. And here powdery mildew they prepare a decoction from the same ratio of water and nettle, but not only bring it to a boil, but boil it for about 30 minutes.
If you want to get fertilizer, suitable not only for top dressing, but also for tillage and compost, then limestone flour in the amount of 1 cup must be added to the prepared base infusion and let the fertilizers infuse for 2 to 3 weeks (before the fermentation process stops and your green fertilizer will darken significantly). Apply it as a concentrated solution, dissolving in a ratio of 1 to 10 with water.
2. Horsetail infusion
Horsetail - a plant no less underestimated than nettle. According to the content of silicic acid, one of the best and indispensable means of strengthening plants, it is a champion. During the season, the amount of silicic acid in the aerial parts of horsetail changes, reaching its peak in late summer.
Thanks to horsetail infusion, the vulnerability of plants is reduced. But the horsetail infusion also helps to fight against lesions: it is effective against fungal diseases under the condition of systemic use, reliably protects plants from pests and fungal infections. Horsetail can become a reliable means of prevention for the most vulnerable and sensitive flowering and fruitful plants. In particular, it is he who is considered one of the best folk remedies for protecting cabbage, all types of currants and apple trees from specific pests.
For the preparation of horsetail infusion:
- About 1 kg of crushed shoots is soaked in 1 bucket of water (10 l), leaving for 12 hours to soak.
- Bring the infusion to a boil and filter it after cooling.
- Use as a concentrated preparation, diluting in a ratio of 1 to 5 with water.
To fight with rust and with serious lesions, it is better not just to boil the infusion, but to boil for 15-20 minutes. But such a decoction needs to be diluted more strongly - in a ratio of 1 part of horsetail decoction to 20 parts of water.
Spraying with infusion of horsetail for prophylactic purposes is carried out once a month throughout the season; with fungal diseases the number of treatments can be increased by performing procedures daily until a visible result or 1-2 times a week with minor lesions. It is believed that horsetail, unlike other "green" preparations, should be used during the day, and not in the early morning or evening: many gardeners notice that it acts more effectively in the sun.
3. Infusion of fern
Ferns themselves are very good means of improving soil quality. But the leaves of these plants can be used as an excellent tool to protect plants from pests and slugs. As such, they usually use vaiyas of one of the most popular garden ferns - bracken.
Fern infusion is one of the best prophylactic agents for early spring treatment in the fruit and berry garden. He helps to cope. with aphids on young greenery, especially effective on fruit trees affected by this pest. When treating the soil with bracken infusion, plantings of ornamental and edible plants will not be scary snails and slugs (this quality of fern can be used to protect both beds and summers).
To prepare the bracken infusion, you must:
- About 1 kg of crushed fresh bracken leaves pour 1 bucket of water (10 l).
- Cover the container with a lid and leave the infusion to ferment.
- When the fermentation processes stop, strain the infusion.
Fern infusion is used, breeding in a ratio of 1 to 10. It is used for watering or spraying the crown. With severe damage to aphids, more concentrated or undiluted infusions are used.