The best shrubs for creating a penumbra hedge
When buying a site, the owners do not always get a wasteland open to sunlight from morning to evening. Many areas are shaded by mature trees. Sometimes you want to create a fence “in the corridor” between the walls of your own and neighboring houses. Often green spaces are needed on the north side of the building. Photophilous plants, planted even in light partial shade, will never create dense green walls and will not be able to fulfill the role of a stable hedge. Therefore, it is very important to navigate in deciduous shrubs, which will show themselves in the best way in partial shade.
For what hedges are valued in gardening
Hedgerows are becoming more and more popular every year. Owners of cottages and adjoining plots are increasingly using green spaces along with traditional fences or even instead of it. And this is not surprising, because a green screen has many advantages compared to a traditional fence.
A hedge is not only the designation of the boundaries of the site, the protection of the garden from the winds, the noise of roads and the eyes of curious passers-by. It is also an integral part of landscape compositions, a homogeneous background for variegated flower beds and expressive groups of deciduous and coniferous plants.
In addition, green backstage can unobtrusively decorate unattractive farm buildings and perfectly cope with the task of separating functional areas with picturesque lines, smooth out corners, and sometimes visually change the configuration of the garden.
In order for green walls to successfully fulfill their responsibilities for many years, it is important to select plant elements for their creation, taking into account the basic requirements of plants for growing conditions.
To create a live fence in a dense dense shadow, where except for moss, nothing grows, it is advisable to refuse the "green solution". With a significant lack of sun, any shrubs stretch out and lose their attractive appearance. But if a hedge is needed on the site where the sun's rays look at least a few hours a day, then it is worth paying attention to the plants, which we will discuss in this article.
Derain - beautiful in both winter and summer
One of the most unpretentious deciduous shrubs, with free growth, quickly reaching a height of 3-3.5 meters. Decorative deren mainly provides foliage. Depending on the variety, the leaf blade of the shrub can have a white or golden border, and sometimes chaotic patterns.
In the fall, attractive foliage of dehren lights up with purple flashes and looks especially beautiful. Unlike most deciduous, this shrub is attractive after the leaves have fallen, as the main decoration of the plant becomes bright raspberry young shoots. Particularly spectacular, the colorful bark looks winter in the background of white snow.
As you know, many plants with variegated foliage can noticeably lose color in partial shade, but variegated painted leaves of derain remain bright even with a lack of lighting. A hedge from this shrub can easily add color to a plain shady area, while maintaining a stable decorative appearance.
Planting a hedge fence and care
To create a hedge fence, planted seedlings of two to three years of age are planted at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from each other. Landing can be done both in autumn and spring. Before the plants fully take root, they definitely need regular plentiful watering. In the future, this shrub requires a minimum of attention, usually pests are not too greedy for its foliage, and diseases bypass it.
The only peculiarity of derain, which is important to take into account, is its increased hydrophilicity, therefore, plants can endure prolonged drought with great difficulty, and abnormally dry summers require abundant watering.
Derain is one of the fastest growing shrubs, and most of its varieties form a dense hedge in just one or two seasons. Pruning can be done at any time from spring to fall, as it is painless for the plant. For the first time they cut the derain after reaching the age of three and then cut it 1-3 times a year.
In gardens of a natural style, derain is well suited for creating hedges of a natural form. In this case, only gentle and sanitary pruning is carried out, which implies the removal of damaged shoots and easy containment of the bush volumes (trimming of the tops of young shoots).
The best varieties of derren for hedges in partial shade
For a budget hedge, the usual species is best suited derain white with plain green foliage and purple shoots, which can be easily propagated independently by cuttings.
Of varietal derain, derain of varieties grows the fastest "Elegantissima", it will allow you to quickly create a fence, but at the same time will require a more frequent haircut.
Outwardly similar varieties with a white border of leaves "Siberia of Variegat" and Ivory Halo grow a little slower. Grade Shpeti different golden border of leaves.
To create a particularly interesting effect in winter, you can add derain to varieties with purple branches. Flavirameahaving an expressive bright green bark.
Advantages of Deren Fence
- the bush is suitable for regions with a cold climate, most varieties do not freeze in winter;
- unpretentious and put up with any type of soil;
- well suited for areas with a high level of standing groundwater;
- tolerates shading without losing color.
Cons of hedge fence
- variegated varieties can introduce excessive variegation to the site and distract attention from garden compositions;
- with age, the stems of shrubs can be exposed below.
Spirea - lush flowering, minimal care
Spirea is a flowering shrub. In May, the plant dresses in a delicate snow-white outfit of small fragrant flowers with the smell of honey. Spirea blooming in spring, as a rule, are tall plants (up to 2.5 meters), having a sprawling shape of a bush and medium-sized leaves.
With a regular haircut, the green spirea backstage turns out to be as dense as real walls. Nevertheless, the plantations have an elegant look and, thanks to the fine foliage, look openwork and weightless.
Planting Spirea Fences and Care
Spirea is planted at the age of two with an interval of 40-50 cm. You can start the formation of the hedge in the first year. Features haircuts spirea depend on the belonging of plants to the group of spring-flowering or summer-flowering.
In varieties of spirees blooming in spring, unlike summer blooming, flower buds are formed only on last year's shoots, so you can cut them only at the end of flowering. Mowing in early spring will result in plants not blooming this season.
By the way, a spirea hedge that is cut too often and intensely usually blooms very lightly or does not bloom at all. Therefore, it is important to choose what is more important for the gardener - a strict form or white fragrant flowers.
The first haircut is carried out in June after the plants have completely faded. When forming a pruning shear quite intensively, giving the green wall the necessary shape. Then, in the middle of summer, correction is carried out as the shoots regrow (several times per season).
The first haircut of summer-flowering spires is carried out in the spring (April-May). In a culture of spirea, it is unpretentious and does not require any special care.
The best varieties of spirea for hedges in partial shade
Most often, spirea are planted in the sun, but some species will feel good even in partial shade. First of all, this applies to varieties with green leaves blooming in spring (spirea agrita, wangutta, tunberg, three-leafed, gray etc.).
Many species of spirea during formation quickly lose their natural arched shape and grow vertically upward. From summer-flowering spires, tall species can also be selected for the role of hedges (billiard spirea, loosestrife, Douglas) blooming with pink flowers.
Pros of Spirea Fence
- undemanding in relation to the type and fertility of the soil;
- subject to moderate haircuts blooms profusely in spring or mid-summer;
- faded inflorescences do not affect the appearance;
- tolerates a haircut and keeps its shape after trimming;
- due to the fact that the spirea branches are very thin, the places of cuts are almost not striking;
- openwork crown looks good in winter, covered with hoarfrost;
- winter-hardy, drought-resistant, practically does not get sick, and is rarely affected by insects.
Cons of Spirea hedges
- with frequent or untimely pruning, spring-flowering spirea do not bloom too abundantly;
- irregular cutting of the hedge exposes the lower part of the bush, and the spirea begins to look groomed;
- to maintain shape, sometimes you have to cut the fence “on a stump” in order to rejuvenate (this procedure is performed no more than once every 10 years).
Privet - for strict penumbra hedges
Unpretentious semi-evergreen shrub that easily cuts in any direction. With the onset of autumn, its foliage falls only partially, and part of the surviving leaves is preserved on the plant throughout the winter, making the hedge visually denser in comparison with the hedge of deciduous species. In addition, in the off-season, the bush is decorated with medium-sized rounded berries of a resinous color.
As ornamental plants in the gardens there are two types of privet - privet ordinary and privet oval-leaved. The height of the first is more than 3 meters and the bush is more sparse, dense leathery leaves are slightly pointed at the ends. The privet with oval leaves has more decorative rounded leaves that are better preserved in winter, they are of lower growth.
Both species bloom in medium-sized white flowers with a pleasant aroma (in early summer, in June-July). The privet grows relatively quickly and takes root very easily, so planting material can be independently grown from cuttings.
The privet ordinary also has a varietal variety "Aurea" with unusual bright yellow foliage. But this cultivar will manifest itself in all its glory only in the bright sun, and when creating a hedge in partial shade, you should be prepared for the fact that the color of the leaves becomes greenish.
Planting hedge of privet and care
Young plants are planted in 30-45 cm increments to create a dense hedge. Before planting a privet, it is important to keep in mind that, despite drought tolerance in adulthood, young shrubs will grow well only when planted in moist soil and with regular watering.
The privet does not tolerate stagnation of water, so for planting it is better to avoid lowlands where standing meltwater is observed, and at the bottom of the landing pit you need to drain to avoid stagnation of moisture in the root zone. Privet grows well on loose, drained soils.
It is recommended to form a fence from privet not in the form of a rectangle, but in the form of a truncated cone, expanding below. This form of the living wall avoids exposing the lower branches due to insufficient lighting.
For a haircut, it is better to use a delimber or pruner. For the first time after planting, more than half of the young growth is cut off, and in subsequent years, young branches, if necessary, are cut off already by 70% of the length.
As a result, branching increases significantly, increasing the density of the bush, however, such a haircut reduces the flowering intensity. The first sanitary haircut to remove shoots damaged in the winter is carried out in the spring, and several times per season are used for forming pruning. A regular haircut supports the shape and height of the hedge. It is better to do this 2 times a year - in May and August.
Pros of hedge of privet
- has an “expensive” noble appearance due to dense leathery foliage;
- a dense crown allows you to create volumetric geometric shapes from plants or even figures of animals and people, like topiary from boxwood in Europe;
- good growth rate;
- easily propagated by cuttings;
- stably decorative, as it retains foliage and berries all year round;
- drought resistant.
Cons of privet hedge
- it is important to remember that all parts of privet, including berries, are poisonous;
- in frosty winters, the bush may freeze.
Kalina pride - not affected by aphids
Viburnum vulgaris - a bright shrub with clusters of coral berries and lobed foliage similar to maple leaves, is well known to people even far from gardening. But to create a hedge, another type of this plant is much more suitable - viburnum is proud.
This variety is a dense shrub up to four meters high with a dense but compact crown. This species differs from Viburnum vulgaris in large pubescent leaves, covered with white hairs, which give the impression of velvet.
Kalina pride blooms abundantly in May – June with white inflorescences-caps, after which attractive bright red and black berries are tied in the bushes. The main advantage of this culture over common viburnum can be called the fact that this shrub is not affected by aphids.
Planting hedge of viburnum pride and care
In order to create a hedge, 2–3-year-old plants are planted at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from each other. Kalina pride loves fertile, well-moistened soils. Therefore, in a drought, it will need watering, even after the plants take root well.
In the second year at the beginning of summer, young growth can be cut off by 2-3 knots to strengthen the branching of the bush. Further, the formation of hedges from viburnum of pride will be to remove too thick old shoots. In young stems, only the tops are pinched.
This type of viburnum is most suitable for creating a freely growing screen, and it should be trimmed to a minimum. In plants with such large leaves and thick trunks, a strong excessive haircut will not look completely harmonious. The total life expectancy of the shrub is large (about 60 years), so this fence will fulfill its function for many years.
Pros of hedge from viburnum of pride
- grows well both in the shade and in partial shade;
- guelder-rose is unpretentious in leaving and more drought-resistant than guelder-rose ordinary;
- the bush has edible sweet fruits;
- during fruiting, this viburnum is very decorative, its glossy berries are red at first, and then they turn black;
- the fruits of this viburnum are edible, they are sweetish and juicy in taste.
Cons hedge of viburnum pride
- in comparison with other shrubs, it reacts poorly to drought and needs watering;
- the bush grows relatively slowly;
- the plant will feel bad on peaty, sandy and podzolic soils.
Other shrubs for partial shade hedges
For the construction of a low hedge up to 1 meter high in a semi-shady place is also perfect ordinary snowman. However, some varieties do not form the usual white, but very unusual pink berries. In the care and pruning principles, the snowman resembles spirea. It can be cut regularly or left to grow freely. In the latter case, many more attractive berries will be tied.
In order to create green fences in shaded conditions, tall varieties are often used. barberry (ordinary, tunberg, ottawa) and vesicle. However, it should be borne in mind that in a dense shade such plants will not develop successfully, and in partial shade, varieties with brightly colored foliage (purple, yellow, two-color) will lose their intensity and become almost green with a lack of sunlight.
It tolerates partial shade and European euonymus, and ordinaryHowever, its famous bright pink autumn color will also not be so expressive in penumbra places.
Green fences on the site can also be made in the form of screens twined with perennial vines. In shady territories, he feels rather well. girl's grapewho will cope with his task as soon as possible.
However, the aggressiveness of this creeper should also not be forgotten. Shade-tolerant climbing plants such as lemongrass, actinidia, moon seed, petiole hydrangea will do similar work more delicately. But in order to enter into full force, they will need about three years, after which the green mass will very actively grow.