The best varieties of pepper for every taste
How much do we know about the taste and usefulness of pepper? When scientists began to study pepper in more detail, it turned out to be an absolutely unique vegetable. Firstly, it is very juicy, tasty, fragrant and helps to improve the taste of any other products when used together in food. And secondly, pepper fruits are a real multivitamin concentrate. By the content of vitamin C and provitamin A pepper is one of the first places among vegetables. On the average, in the fruits of technical ripeness in modern varieties and hybrids, the content of vitamin C ranges from 100 to 180 mg per 100 g of fresh weight, and in biological ripeness its content almost doubles, reaching for champions 350-400 mg per 100 g of fresh weight and even more .
Paprika contains more than 1000 mg of vitamin C per 100 g of powder mass. Fruits are very rich in P-active substances, which accumulate up to 150-350 mg per 100 g of wet weight. P-active substances, in addition to vitamin activity, together with carotenoids protect Vitamin C from destruction, even during heat treatment. There are a lot of vitamins of group B, folic and nicotinic acids in the fruits of pepper, but there are also sugars, pectin substances, macro- and microelements, phytoncides, alkaloids. Especially important is the use of pepper in the diet of athletes, pregnant women, people after serious illness or in stressful situations.
Due to the rich content of various carotenoids, pepper is able to color ready-made dishes in a bright color - this quality of pepper is highly appreciated by culinary experts around the world. Hot pepper bitterness is caused by the presence of a special substance in it - capsaicin, but it is practically absent in sweet pepper. In a hot climate, capsaicin promotes the secretion of gastric juice and better digestion of food. That is why in countries with a hot climate, hot and even hot pepper prevails over sweet. The specific aroma of pepper fruits is due to the presence of volatile essential oils.
In a word, pepper is not just tasty, it is very useful, both on its own and as an additive that improves the taste and nutritional value of prepared dishes.
Possessing such numerous advantages and special popularity, it is quite natural that pepper has become an object for selection throughout the world. This is one of the most important crops that are selected in the Agriholding "Search". Having its own breeding center in the south of Russia, the company “Search” provides modern highly productive varieties and hybrids of pepper for both amateur vegetable growers and professionals. The difference between amateur and professional assortment in this case is not so noticeable. Often, amateur vegetable growers, besides productivity, are also interested in the appearance of fruits, which can be very diverse in shape, color and size, sometimes not even very aligned, but very unusual in appearance, surprisingly expressive. At the same time, both professionals and amateurs are interested in productivity, quality of fruits, including their biological value, resistance to diseases and pests, adverse weather and soil conditions, keeping quality and transportability.
The principle of diversity and complementarity is very important for growing vegetables. A variety of varieties and hybrids allows you to choose the necessary set for specific growing conditions. You should never grow only one variety or hybrid of pepper. In some conditions, preference should be given to earlier varieties, in others to later ones, and in the third, both the first and the second are necessary in a certain ratio. The use of different genotypes in different varieties makes it possible to make the process of growing plants more stable. The principle of complementarity allows you to have not one but several varieties of the same type, each of which has certain advantages over the other. One is more resistant to disease, the other is more resistant to drought, and the third is less damaged by pests.
In more favorable conditions, highly productive varieties work out better, and in less favorable conditions, stress adaptive varieties (heat-resistant, drought-resistant, salt-tolerant, etc.). In one group can be both varieties and hybrids of pepper. The peculiarity of the hybrid is its higher uniformity and productivity in comparison with the usual variety, but it will not work to collect seeds from it, which is due to the method of obtaining it. In seed cultivation of the usual variety, the selection and selection of seeds from the best plants that freely pollinate with each other is used. When seed hybrids each time, the maternal and paternal lines are artificially pollinated. Their offspring is split and will not be the same either in appearance or in productivity, and sometimes it will be sterile.
An early ripe group of sweet pepper recommended by Agroholding “Search” is represented by such popular varieties as Belozerka, Victoria, Winnie the Pooh, Cavalier, Prince Silver, Swallow, Morozko, as well as hybrids Belogor F1, Emperor F1, Pharaoh F1, Fisht F1. This group of peppers gives an early and friendly harvest of fruits, which allows you to accelerate the appearance of the first vitamins on your table. One of the important advantages of early ripe peppers is that the fruits of many of them in a state of technical ripeness are painted yellow, which allows you to give your dishes a particularly bright mood!
The mid-season group of peppers gives the main crop and does not require the creation of special conditions during the growing season. The varieties of this group are very numerous, and the most popular of them are Arsenal, Atlant, Turquoise, Bogatyr, Bulgarian, Volovy ear, Dominator, Purple bell, Rostov anniversary.
Separately, I want to note a group of large-fruited varieties of pepper, in which the wall thickness of the fruits reaches 7-10 mm - these are Hercules, Gladiator Agro, Golden Keg, Red Keg, Red Miracle, Orange Miracle. Due to this quality, pepper fruits are most widely used in cooking.
In breeding, there is also a whole direction for the creation of miniature peppers, which is due to the convenience of this type of peppers for canning and cooking vegetable snacks. Culinary dishes prepared from variously colored miniature peppers and other similar vegetables (for example, cherry tomatoes, mini cucumbers and squash) look very attractive and appetizing. The best varieties of miniature peppers include Gnome, Ruby Necklace and Amber. These varieties are included in a special series of seeds "Homemade".
As you can see, pepper is a very healthy and tasty vegetable crop.
We wish you good health and rich harvests!
You can get acquainted with the assortment of Agroholding “SEARCH” on the company's website: www.semenasad.ru
You can purchase seeds in the official online store of the agricultural holding www.online.semenasad.ru