Simple rules for growing potatoes
Potato is a regular on our tables: we add it to various dishes (from salads to soups), and many do not imagine their diet without mashed potatoes, baked potatoes or fries. Yes, you can buy it inexpensively, but can store tubers be compared to taste with a harvest of potatoes grown on your own? That is why almost every summer house there is at least a couple of beds for this vegetable. Meanwhile, agricultural technology of potatoes suggests that plants will grow on loose fertile soil. Otherwise, potatoes need to be properly fed throughout the growing season. It is difficult for a beginning summer resident to understand the intricacies of fertilizing potatoes, because at each stage of root crop growth you need to make “your” fertilizers. In this article, we will tell you about simple rules for growing potatoes and tell you how to solve the problem with its fertilizing as high as possible for plants and convenient for a gardener.
"Potato nutrition system" - the basis of a good harvest
In order to facilitate gardeners' care of potatoes in terms of top dressing, the Buisk Fertilizer Plant has compiled a special “menu” for potatoes, the “ingredients” of which are included in a single set of preparations “Potato Nutrition System”. This is a set of effective balanced fertilizers, each of which is used during a certain period of plant vegetation.
Now the gardener does not need to buy a lot of fertilizers, calculate the norms for their application, make memos for himself in order to know when this or that feeding is needed. All fertilizers are in a plastic box in one place. It is important that the instructions written by professionals, but understandable to every gardener, are attached to this - a “cheat sheet” on the use of the funds included in the “Potato Nutrition System” package. For you, the agronomists have already thought out and calculated everything - what fertilizer, when and how much to add at each stage of growing potatoes.
The package “Potato nutrition system”, intended for growing potatoes on a plot of up to 50 m², includes the following fertilizers:
- "Aquamix" trace element complex;
- WMD "Potato";
- Calcium Nitrate;
- "Aquarin" is universal;
- "Aquarin" potato.
Read more about growing potatoes and using the "Potato Nutrition System" at each stage of its growing season.
Presowing processing of potatoes
Experienced gardeners know that potatoes need to be sprouted before planting. This will accelerate the growth of plants and, accordingly, bring the crop closer. To do this, planting potatoes are removed from storage at least three weeks before planting and placed in a warm (+ 12 ... + 17 degrees) and bright room. Under the influence of heat and sunlight, sleeping tubers awaken, their skin becomes greenish, which indicates the accumulation of solanine, useful for plant growth.
It is important not to allow the sprouts to become too large, because then they will break off when planting. If the potato sprouts too violently, and the planting time has not yet come, you need to transfer it to a cooler room to slow down the process.
But sprouted is good, and sprouted, charged with the elements necessary for growth and development seedlings are even better. Tubers processed before planting have more power to withstand adverse weather conditions (than early planting always threatens), to fight diseases and pests, and withstand prolonged drought.
Water-soluble fertilizer from the “potato nutrition system” - “Aquamix” gives such opportunities to planting material. 5 g of this drug is enough for 5 liters of water. But for one use, it is enough to dilute 1 g of Aquamix in 1 liter of water.
To process the planting tubers with Aquamix, lay the potatoes on a film and spray it from the spray bottle with the resulting solution, first on one side and on the sides, then on the other.
Processing by Aquamix:
- contributes to greater productivity;
- better assimilation of root crops of nutrients from the soil;
- potato disease prevention;
- laying more large tubers;
- prevent the accumulation of nitrates.
One of the most labor-intensive processes in growing potatoes is the preparation of the soil for planting. As a rule, gardeners dig a shovel every spring (if we are talking about a relatively small area allocated for potatoes) or plow.
But this process can be greatly facilitated if green manure is planted in front of potatoes from autumn or early in spring. Having finished them in time in the soil (before flowering), you will enrich the soil with organic matter and make its structure more loose. The best green manure precursors are oats, rye, mustard, oily radish and clover.
Potatoes can be planted when the earth warms up enough in the spring, that is, its temperature will not be lower than + 8 ° С. Before landing, you need to mark the rows. To do this, use two pegs with a height of approximately 75 cm, which are stuck on the extreme sides of the site into the ground by 5 cm, and a rope is pulled between them. Now you can dig a smooth hole with a shovel for planting potatoes at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
But before putting a planting tuber in each hole, fertilizers are laid there. This is a more economical option for fertilizer consumption than scattering them throughout the site.
In the "Potato nutrition system" for planting tubers fertilizers "OMU potato" and Kalimagnesia are intended.
Fertilizer "WMD potato" is made in the form of granules. Their shell consists of organics. The outer part of each such capsule contains 2 types of beneficial microorganisms. They have a beneficial effect on the fertility of the soil, on the conversion of the organic substances in it into a form easily accessible to potatoes.
Mineral macro- and microelements present in granules are also found in a form that is well absorbed by plants. The granule shell prevents the leaching of these substances. Therefore, they will act effectively throughout the growing season, provide plants with exactly what they need at a particular stage of development.
Kalimagnesia contains 32% potassium and 12% magnesium, which are necessary for potatoes to enhance the photosynthesis process and increase the quality crop.
Before entering the hole, these preparations are mixed together. In each landing hole, you need to place 20 g of the resulting mixture. To navigate by size - this is one matchbox.
The first root dressing of potatoes
The first root dressing of potatoes is carried out before the first hilling - when the potato stems reach a height of 12-15 cm. It is known that at the initial stage of development of the potato it needs nitrogen to form a green mass, powerful stems. And the plant needs calcium to strengthen immunity, for the subsequent laying of tubers.
In the "Potato Nutrition System" for this period there is calcium nitrate. It is very easy to add calcium nitrate. Hands with gloves need to scatter it in rows with landings. On 1 m², 20 g of fertilizer is needed. This is good to do one day after rain or some time after watering.
Then, the first hilling is carried out, at the same time sealing the fertilizer into the soil.
Foliar top dressing during budding and after flowering
Potato needs foliar top dressing so that plants can resist disease and adverse weather conditions. In addition, spraying potatoes on a leaf during budding and after flowering will improve the quality of root crops, make potatoes more prone, that is, subsequently the crop will be well stored.
For the first foliar top dressing (during budding) in the "Potato Nutrition System" there is "Universal Aquarium". This water-soluble fertilizer contains the most important macro- and microelements. Moreover, trace elements are in the form of chelates. These are complex organic salts that plants easily absorb.
For use, you need to dilute one package of the drug with a volume of 20 g in 10 liters of water. The liquid is mixed and sprayed on a sheet of potatoes in cloudy weather at any time of the day, and on a sunny day - in the early morning or evening. In this case, you need to moisten the surface of the leaves well, not only from the front, but also from the back.
The second foliar top dressing of potatoes by spraying on a leaf is carried out after flowering with fertilizer "Aquarian potato". It also has an optimally balanced composition of macro- and microelements. Through leaf plates, nutrients quickly penetrate into plants, provide a visible effect - healthy and strong bushes, ready to grow large and tasty tubers.
"Aquarium potato" is also bred at the rate of 20 g per 10 liters of water and also sprayed on a leaf.
Dear readers! Use the “Potato Nutrition System” from Bui fertilizers at all stages of potato cultivation. These 6 complex fertilizers will make potato care more efficient and easier. A detailed and understandable instruction to the "Potato Nutrition System" will tell you in what quantities, how and when it is necessary to apply root and foliar dressing for this crop. And the quantity and quality of products obtained with the new "Potato Nutrition System" plants will certainly please!