Autumn bookmark of spring bulbs for a pot garden
As soon as the last spring stars from among the bulbous ones bloom, each gardener is already looking forward to digging up his favorite plants for the dormant period, in order to then increase his collection. Early autumn is a fertile time when a chance is given to introduce new accents and blooming spots into the garden design, lay the foundation for a special mood and colorful start for the long-awaited season. And to get to work in a period favorable for planting bulbs, is not only on flower beds, discounts, in landscape compositions and mixborders. After all, there is a bulbous place in the pot garden. Planting bulbs on time, you will meet the long-awaited warmth with delicate flowering and magnificence of colors of the most spectacular onion stars.
Advantages and features of autumn bookmark bulbs for a pot garden
Most gardeners prefer to plant plants for a pot garden from spring. But to consider that the bulbs of the most beloved spring stars - crocuses, daffodils, tulips and even muscari can overwinter only indoors or in soil on a flower bed or a discount would be a big mistake. For a pot garden, plants are best planted at the same time as for open ground. The advantages of this strategy are many:
- After the summer period, plants fall into the soil at the optimum time that best suits their needs.
- Bulbs are better adapted to the winter period and will be more persistent.
- You will save a lot of time in the hottest season of garden work, free up many hours for much more important garden chores, but you will not be left without the miracle of flowering spring plants in the potted garden on the terrace or in the recreation area.
- Bulbous, planted in pots not in the spring, but in the autumn, will bloom much earlier than the competitors and will present you with a real surprise at the very beginning of the season.
It is never too late to experiment with bulb planting. Plants can be planted as classic groups, or create original pottery gardens and miniature compositions, equal in beauty to large flower gardens. True, experiments with color, varieties with forms are somewhat complicated by the fact that you can’t see the cultures yourself and you need to focus on the quality of sorting the bulbs and take into account the data of future flowering. But this drawback has a flip side: thanks to the autumn planting, surprises will always be waiting for you, the plants may unexpectedly appear in the wrong compositions in which you expected to see them. And if, due to a simple mistake or negligence, you suddenly find a real shining star with a bright color among a gentle background, it is unlikely that such an unexpectedness will seem to you a flaw.
The most difficult thing in the autumn planting of bulbs for the spring pot garden is waiting. To endure the long months of autumn and winter and finally see firsthand what the foundations of spring compositions laid in early autumn will turn out to be, is really not easy. But patience will pay off. Magical classic bulbs and exotics, sunny, pastel, romantic colors and surprisingly delicate shapes that look like fragile flowers will become the main decoration of the spring garden and will amaze with much greater flowering power than with the usual approach.
But the rest of the autumn bookmark potted onion garden is very simple. First of all, do not forget about the main rule of planting: do not mix dozens of different plant species among themselves. In pots, onions are more beautiful, the simpler the composition. The winning combination always looks like an ensemble of just one plant variety, flowers of one tone filling all the spaces of the pot. But the period of their flowering will be limited in time. So it is better to mix 2-3 plants among themselves, which will complement and “pick up” each other. If we are talking about large capacity, there you can mix 3-5 species of well-complementary onion bulbs with different heights, which together will create a complete composition. But in small containers, 2 plants are enough. What you should definitely not do is mix dozens of varieties, actually planting 1-2 bulbs each. This approach will lead to the fact that no plant will reveal its beauty.
Selection of onion stars for potted compositions
An individual approach is needed in the selection of plants and their varieties. You should focus not only on beauty and color, but also on size and endurance. All primroses from snowdrops and crocuses to Scylla will suit all, without exception. But it is worth paying attention to more catchy stars.
Among daffodils, low-growing varieties with the highest resistance will become the classic choice for a pot garden. They look neat, elegant, and delight with the beauty of the leaves and the abundance of flowers. The Tete-a-Tet variety or the legendary Rip Van Winkle, Mini daffodils, which look favorably in the foreground of flower beds, are especially good in compositions in the pot garden, surprising with catchiness and spectacularity. Terry inflorescences of these two varieties resemble fluffy brushes. Fans of non-double varieties will surely like the daffodil waist, also one of the undersized and distinguished by the special porcelain texture of its petals.
As carefully as daffodils, it is worth choosing tulips. Not all varieties of these bulbs are suitable for the potted form of growing, and tulips themselves must be correctly emphasized. In pots, the varieties of the Kaufman group are considered absolute favorites among diverse tulips. Short, starting to bloom in March, they flaunt very large flowers resembling bright stars. Tulip varieties that produce more than 3-4 flowers on one peduncle are also suitable for a pot garden, for example, the spectacular Praestans Fusilier variety.
Choosing hyacinths, you can be much bolder. Without exception, all varieties and varieties of these plants look great in pot form. Moreover, in individual containers, hyacinths always look like a flower garden in miniature. Terry varieties that seem to be in the company of classic bulbous as real aristocrats are especially spectacular. Unlike other bulbs, for hyacinths you can mix shades and colors, creating romantic multi-colored compositions.
Persian grouse that prefers planting in early autumn also looks great in a pot garden. The saturated color of inflorescences, resembling ripe plums, seems extravagant against the background of classic spring stars from the bulb family.
Never lost in the company of traditional bulbous and beautiful garden forget-me-not. Delicate blue flowers, which can be placed both in separate containers and mixed with large-colored soloists, for example, tulips, will bring a bright spring tenderness.
Combination possibilities in potted ensembles
When selecting plant combinations, the main task should be to extend the flowering time. Tulips and daffodils are the main stars of the pottery gardens. But they only begin to break through and form leaves when snowdrops, crocuses, muscari, springs and other primroses are already actively blooming. Try for mixed compositions to plant plants in tiers, focusing on the timing of flowering. Moreover, they have tiers in the literal and figurative sense. Bulbs of tulips need to be planted much deeper than bulbs of crocuses or snowdrops. Thus, the plants in the pot are located at different depths and bloom at different times: while the primroses are in full bloom, the tulips will only begin to hatch.
Until February, until the first signs of the beginning of the growth of primroses appear, the pots will actually be empty. In them, you can plant intermediate crops that can decorate the garden in the fall and even in winter. In this case, it is better to choose plants whose root system does not harm the bulbous itself and does not deplete the soil too much. Winter Erica, pansies or decorative cabbage quite suitable for the role of temporary inhabitants of containers with bulbs.
Can be combined with bulbs and perennials. They can be planted with potted and tubed woody, grassy perennials like santolines, thyme, heichera, lavender, rhesus, badiana, boxwood, cereals (especially calamus, which today is increasingly being introduced into the design of pottery gardens), ivy and other winter-green stars. And it is as if their sudden appearance next to more “permanent” plants will always surprise no less than on a full-fledged flower garden.
Simple rules for planting bulbs in pots in the fall
At the bottom of the tank, it is imperative to lay a high layer of drainage. It is necessary to protect the bulbs from rotting, not only in the warm season, but also in winter during the thaw.
The landing process itself is quite simple:
- At the bottom of the tank pour drainage at least 5-6 cm high.
- Prepared high-quality substrate is poured over the drainage to a height equal to the optimal depth of planting of the bulbs (2-3 of their heights).
- The substrate is carefully leveled, but not compacted. Onions are set on top of it, trying not to touch the walls and each other. The optimal distance during planting for potted plants can be reduced, leaving at least half the diameter of the bulb, placing them much more often than when planting in open ground.
- After installing the bulbs, the soil is sprinkled. If desired, herbaceous plants are planted on top - perennials or annual crops that should decorate the end of the season.
If you want to create a composition with several "floors" of onion, early flowering crops are buried in the soil after the substrate is completely added to the pot (and perennial plants will be planted). They are simply planted, manually buried at the desired frequency or in between plants. Immediately after planting, the substrate in pots must be thoroughly moistened.
Autumn planting care for spring start in the pot garden
The rules for planting bulbous plants in pots in autumn are almost no different from planting them in open ground. But care and further maintenance must be paid much more attention. Immediately after completion of planting, the bulb containers should be placed in a protected place. Soil moisture for bulbous plants must be maintained stable and light, not over-moistening the substrate, but also not allowing the earth to dry out.
Bulbs do not lose frost resistance. But planted in pots, they need additional protection from the winter cold. The thing is that unstable conditions, thaws, alternating with severe frosts can harm the bulbs as well as excess melt water. With the advent of cold weather, the pots must be wrapped up by putting them in cardboard boxes and insulating them with dry foliage or shavings (or wrapping containers with burlap, bubble wrap, other non-woven materials with a small layer of dry leaves inside).
Since the first signs of growth in spring, bulbous plants need active care, consisting of the same irrigation and top dressing as for ordinary potted plants. Fertilizing for them is applied weekly, and watering - in accordance with the state of the substrate. Active care does not stop until the plants enter the dormant phase and the leaves turn yellow. If you want to leave the bulbs in pots and grow them in this form, it is enough to place containers with completely dried substrate for the summer in the room, stop watering and feeding the plants and do not take them back until the arrival of autumn. Or you can always dig them out like ordinary bulbs, then plant them on a bed, and use the container for new plants.