People call this plant both indoor grape and birch. Grapes - for the biological relationship with the genus Vitis, and birch - for the similarity of leaves with birch. In fact, the plant is called cissus.
The most popular rhomboid cissus (Cissus rhombifolia). It has complex diamond-shaped leaves. It grows very fast, can be extended by two meters per season! Climbing on supports thanks to special antennae. Extremely unpretentious: tolerates light, and shadow, and temperature changes. For which we love! The most beautiful variety of this species is Ellen Danica with originally dissected leaves.
Another known cissus is Antarctic (Cissus antarctica). This species tolerates winter dryness in rooms and high temperatures worse; leaflets can dry out. With strong shading, growth slows down, but Antarctic cissus also does not like strong heat. From the advantages: resistant to low soil moisture and irregularities with watering.
Striped cissus (Cissus striata) is undeservedly forgotten. Its leaves resemble maiden grapes in shape. It grows quickly, undemanding to air humidity. Very beautiful variety Red Sensation with reddish leaves.
But the most colorful and attractive is multi-colored cissus (Cissus discolor). It is really colorful! Its leaves resemble living patterns: silver spots are located on the reddish background of the leaf, and the lower side is purple. The main problem is to raise such a handsome man in the room. The plant comes from the tropics, where the temperature never drops below 25 degrees, and the humidity is 85-90%. Cissus with the help of an antennae braids the trees, and its roots pump water with such force on the stems that in Java, the locals cut the stems of the vine and drink the resulting juice.
Plants prefer bright diffused light. Antarctic and multi-colored cissuses do not tolerate direct sun and can grow in a shaded place, but the place near the east or west window is especially suitable for them. Cissus rhomboid is more photophilous, a place near the south window is suitable for him, and in the summer it can be taken out to the garden or to the balcony.
Watering is plentiful from spring to autumn. In winter (from October to February) - moderate. Cissus does not tolerate overdrying of an earthen coma, and waterlogging.
Reproduction by cuttings in spring and summer, for this, several apical cuttings are cut, and after rooting, they are planted in one pot. Root perfectly.
Cissus loves frequent spraying. And in autumn and winter, when heating works, it is strictly necessary. In the spring, it would be nice to arrange a warm shower for cissus to wash away winter dust and revitalize the plant. Cissus multicolored does not tolerate dry air, it will have to be sprayed several times a day.
This plant is fast-growing, so you need to transplant it every year, and plants
older than 5-6 years - in a year. Cissus spends nutrients from the soil quickly, so it needs to be fed every week from April to September.
With high humidity and excessive watering, cissus discards leaves. The main pests: aphids, scale insects and whiteflies.
With excess moisture in the soil and with drafts, spots may appear on the leaves.
Due to a lack of moisture, the lower leaves are wrinkled and stained.
health and beauty
I could barely cope with my "birch". Over the course of a year, cissus swept over an entire wall in the room. I had to direct his growth not up, but down. I put the plant on a high stool (something like a whatnot) and gave it the opportunity to fall freely. Long shoots in the spring, of course, had to be cut, but it only went to the "birch" to the advantage. The side branches immediately climbed and the bush became more magnificent. By the way, it lends itself perfectly to cutting, and, if you wish, you can give the plant any bizarre shapes.
It is also known that cissus absorbs toxic substances from the air.