The birthplace of this evergreen tree or shrub is Southern Europe and North Africa. Under natural conditions of growth, the height of the myrtle reaches 3 meters. Myrtle is considered to be a garden plant rather than a domestic one, which, however, does not prevent many gardeners from growing it in apartments. The main difficulty in growing myrtle at home is that it needs to provide a cold winter. Myrtle feels good when the air temperature drops to 5 degrees in winter, but dry air affects the plant badly. In the summer, myrtle is best exposed outdoors.
If the myrtle is provided with good conditions for growth, then after 3-4 years you can expect flowering and fruits. Myrtle flowers are small white or pale pink, exuding a pleasant aroma. The berries of the myrtle are dark blue and have an oblong shape.
Temperature: In the summer, myrtle is kept outdoors, wintering takes place at a temperature of 5-7 degrees. Adult specimens of myrtle can tolerate lower temperatures.
Lighting: Myrtle is photophilous, so it needs bright light, but there should be as few direct sunlight as possible. The best place for him is windows facing south or east.
Watering: Myrtle needs regular watering from spring to autumn. In winter, watering is limited. The maintenance of myrtle in winter in cool conditions should also affect watering - it is carried out only in such volumes that the earthen lump does not dry out completely. Full drying of the earth can lead to the death of the plant.
Fertilizer: Fertilizing the myrtle is carried out with complex fertilizers from the beginning of March to the end of August twice a month. Adult plants can add humus to the topsoil during transplantation or without it.
Air humidity: The plant requires high humidity, so regular spraying is necessary.
Transfer: Young specimens of myrtle require transplantation every year, adults - once every 3-4 years, but they change the topsoil once a year. For planting, soil is used, consisting of a mixture of 2 parts of sod land, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, 1 part sand. Good drainage is provided.
Breeding: Myrtle propagates by rooting cuttings in the summer. Germination of myrtle seeds is possible, but this process is quite laborious.
Care: Before the beginning of the vegetative period, in early January, it is necessary to prune the plant, namely: to make shorter last year's growths. When cutting, it is necessary to leave 3-4 buds, which will give rise to lateral shoots, as a result of which the plant will have a beautiful, compact crown.