Where did dahlias come to us from?
This plant is called differently: some dalia, others dahlia. One German breeder drew the attention of scientists to the fact that a South American shrub was already named a dali (in honor of the Swedish botanist A. Dahl), and proposed to call this plant not dalia, and dahlia in honor of Johann Gottlieb Georgi, professor of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Since then, both versions of the name have been preserved in everyday life. Botanists and flower lovers prefer to call this flower a dahlia, while at the same time the first name is recognized as a scientific term - dahlia.
Homeland dahlia - the mountains of Mexico, Chile and Peru. They appeared in Europe in 1783, when a Madrid doctor brought elongated succulent tubers of some plants from Mexico to Spain. He believed that they were as tasty as potatoes, and presented them as a gift to the Spanish king. The monarch ordered to plant a plant in the court garden, where no one had the right to go, except for the gardener and the king himself.
In the fall, the plant bloomed. The flower turned out to be very beautiful. The king liked him, and he ordered not to show this plant to anyone, since he wanted to admire it alone.
But the dahlia tubers were inedible, so the flower began to grow only as an ornamental plant.
Over time, the flowers began to degenerate and lose their decorative qualities: inflorescences became small, the variety of flowers disappeared, plants began to hurt.
It took botanists a lot of time to bring these flowers back to life. To save the culture, it was necessary to find their wild species. And the scientists succeeded. Now in the world there are about ten thousand varieties of dahlias.
Dahlias are a perennial herbaceous plant that is not demanding on cultivation. He only needs to highlight a sunny and protected from strong weathering place with fertile soil. Also, dahlias in the lowlands should not be planted. In open ground dahlias do not winter. After the first autumn frosts, their tubers are dug up and stored for winter storage.
Through dahlias in the garden you can create life-giving pictures. These flowers, like lighthouses, are the first to catch the eye on the flower beds, look gorgeous in bouquets and grow wonderfully in spacious pots and tubs.