Kuril tea and its benefits
This plant is known to many gardeners under the name cinquefoil, or five-leafed. It got its drinking name because in the past, from the Urals to the Kuril Islands, dried leaves and flowers were used to make tea. Kuril tea is an upright or open bush reaching a height of 50-150 cm with bright yellow flowers up to 3 cm in diameter. It is found in all regions of the Far East and Siberia, the Caucasus, the Urals, and the Baltic states. Grows on the banks of rivers, lakes, in flood meadows, among shrubs, on rocky slopes in the mountains.
Kuril tea (Dasiphora), or Pyatilistnik, or Cinquefoil is an erect, highly branched shrub of the Rosaceae family.
The healing properties of Kuril tea
Residents of Transbaikalia and Kamchatka drink infusion of branches of Kuril tea with pain and stomach pains. In Tibetan medicine, it is used for croupous pneumonia as an expectorant. A root infusion - with gastrointestinal diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, in the Caucasus - with diarrhea and scurvy. In traditional Mongolian medicine, an aqueous infusion of leaves of Kuril tea and flowers is used for bloody diarrhea, as a hemostatic and appetite-improving agent, as well as for neuropsychiatric diseases.
The infusion of Kuril tea is popularly used externally for the treatment of wounds, burns, abscesses, boils, for rinsing the mouth and throat with sore throat, stomatitis and other diseases of the oral cavity, and in the form of douching - for pain.
Scientists have established a high antimicrobial activity of Kuril tea on the causative agents of intestinal infections, including cholera vibrios, as well as anticoagulant and P-vitamin effects.
According to the observations of children's doctors, Kuril tea is a good tool for eliminating dysbiosis, including staphylococcal, it normalizes metabolism, being a diuretic, and at the same time treats bedwetting. In addition, the infusion of Kuril tea relieves constipation, has a beneficial effect on duodenitis, cystitis, and also as a sedative for stress.
Harvesting raw Kuril tea
Fresh leaves of shrubby cinquefoil contain 145.9-223.3 mg%, and dry leaves 292.4-380.4 mg% ascorbic acid (this is several times more than in lemons, and almost as much as in blackcurrant berries ) and, accordingly, 8.53 mg% and 15.12 mg% carotene (as in root crops of carrots). Tannins were found in leaves and branches - up to 10%, phenolcarboxylic acids, catechins, flavonoids, essential oils.
Blooming tops of shoots of Kuril tea 10-15 cm long are used as medicinal raw materials. The raw materials are cut with scissors or secateurs at the time of mass flowering (late July-August), dried in the shade in the open air or in a well-ventilated room.
The use of Kuril tea in garden design
Kuril tea is known more as an ornamental plant and has been grown in gardens since about 1700. It is cold-resistant, grows even in permafrost, calcareous soils, in the open and in partial shade. In landscaping, cinquefoil is used in ordinary and group plantings; it is effective in uncut low hedges. Moreover, Kuril tea blooms in late summer and autumn, and long enough. If necessary, it can be cut, forming compact bushes.
Propagation and care of Kuril tea
Care for Kuril tea is almost not needed, only in May old and weak branches are cut out. The cinquefoil is easily propagated by green cuttings in a cold greenhouse in summer or by dividing the bush in spring and autumn. Green cuttings 10-15 cm long are cut at the end of June. Leaves are removed from the lower half, incubated for 12-16 hours in a solution of a root stimulant, and then planted in a greenhouse.
Cover with a film or glass. Some cuttings even have buds that should be plucked to prevent flowering. In a month, more than 90% of cuttings of Kuril tea have roots. If rooting occurred on the street, then the seedlings are left in the greenhouse until spring. From the premises in September they are planted in open ground for growing.
Varieties and hybrids of Kuril tea
There are many varieties and hybrids that are easy to distinguish by the height and color of the flowers. The most common among them is Friedrichsen’s Kuril tea (Dasiphora × friederichsenii), or Friedrichsen’s cinquefoil, a hybrid of Shrubbery and Daurian tea (shrubs) with pale yellow or white flowers.
The following varieties of potentilla can be recommended from the varieties of foreign selection: Abbotswood (height 75 cm, white flowers), Elizabeth (90 cm, yellow flowers), Jackmans Variety (120 cm, yellow flowers), Katherine Dykes (1.5 m, yellow flowers) , Tangerine (60 cm, bronze yellow flowers).
Making drinks from Kuril tea
Curative tea is prepared as follows: pour 2 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed raw Kuril tea 0.5 liters of boiling water. They insist 1-2 hours. Drink half a cup 3-4 times a day before meals with dysentery and diarrhea, and with honey (to taste) - as an expectorant for lobar inflammation and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Tea for every day
Before, after the bath, they liked to drink Kuril tea, brewed at the rate of 0.5 liters of boiling water for 1 teaspoon of raw materials, infused for 30 minutes and certainly with honey.