Tropics on the windowsill
You can create your own paradise in any territory, even in a small kitchen. This does not require significant effort. One has only to go to the store and bring from there several pots of cacti, geraniums, azaleas ... However, the living beauty requires that they be taken care of. Indoor plants - people from tropical and subtropical countries - have a luxurious look only in their native climate. Therefore, you need to take care of similar conditions in city apartments, offices, and other rooms.
In halls, halls and rooms with windows to the south, east or west, almost all newcomers from distant lands make themselves comfortable and make a wonderful impression. Particularly effective in bright light codiyeum, dracaena, akalifa, cordilina. The brightness of the leaves depends on whether they are lit enough. These plants can withstand even hours of sun exposure. But for most exotic species, indirect (diffused) light is still ideal. And they do not want to “fry” in the sun, because they can get burned. It’s better to shadow them for this time.
But in the "northern" rooms you can put pots with shade-hardy ferns, aspidistra, aglaoneemas, spathiphilums, phytonia, chamedorea. There are even plants (representatives of the aroid family) that can adapt to a windowless room and withstand artificial lighting. However, under such conditions, the mentioned representatives of the flora, as well as dracaena, ficus, sanseviera, fatsia practically do not bloom. And the leaves grow smaller and not as bright as in natural conditions.
In addition, small and young plants react more sharply to a lack of light than large, strong specimens. But today there are lamps to help solve this problem. If the rays fall on the plant on one side, you need to deploy it a little daily. Almost all exotic aliens withstand this procedure well. Unless some (gardenia, zygocactus) buds may crumble. As for the palm trees, their young leaves should “look” inside the room.
Too generous owners of tropics for irrigation do the wrong thing, because most often green pets die from excess moisture. The soil is saturated with moisture, there is little air, toxic substances accumulate, the roots gradually rot and die. However conifers, cisuses, azaleas, camellias do not sustain drying up of the soil and perish.
Forever lose their beauty plants with delicate, delicate (adiantum, coleus, balsam, fittonia, calathea) and leathery (gardenia, coffee tree) leaves, if the earth in the pot at least once dried up. But they like the mixture in the container to dry between waterings, peperonium, columni, senpolia, ficus, begonia and other inhabitants of the tropics and subtropics. Separate conversation about cacti and other succulents (aloe vera) They can be drunk once every 10-15 days. Especially in winter, when they "sleep".
General watering rules are as follows. You need to do this in the morning. When buds appear on the stems, the plant requires it to be watered more often. Chlorinated water needs to be defended for 10-12 hours. The acidified liquid is nourished by azaleas, gardenias, camellias, and some conifers. The temperature of the water for irrigation should be several degrees higher than the air in the room. By the way, it speeds up flowering hydrangeas, pelargonium, gloxinia, hypeastrum.
Dry indoor air can withstand cacti, Kalanchoe, agave. They are used to this in their homeland. Yes and ficuses, codecs, shefflers, other people from subtropical regions of the globe are not too sensitive to the level of humidity. And gardeners dreaming of growing orchids, ferns, philodendrons, bromeliads and some other types of exotic plants, it is worth putting pots with them in large containers and filling the gaps between the walls with peat, moss, expanded clay. Such material, subject to good moisture, will evaporate water, and create a favorable atmosphere for exotics with spectacular flowers and leaves.
Living plants in flowerpots are sensitive to temperature changes. Therefore, green lovers need to remember two critical periods of the year: mid-summer and early winter. On hot days, plants suffer from overheating. Moreover, pests (spider mites, aphids) often develop under such conditions. There is also such a rule: that the flower does not stretch up, losing strength and beauty, it needs a lot of light in the warm season. Without this, the shoots will be weak, and the leaves will be pale. In winter, greenery touching a cold window pane can freeze and die. In addition, roots also suffer from hypothermia: at low temperatures, different types of phytopathogenic fungi and microorganisms actively develop.
The real revolution for the "green friend" is transplanting into another pot. The plastic ones, which replaced the traditional ceramic ones, have, despite numerous advantages, a significant flaw - the plant organism in this capacity does not breathe well. The best time to relocate most tropical and subtropical exotics from one container to another is spring, when new shoots and roots begin to form.
However, some species (begonias, dracaena, Kalanchoe) can be transplanted almost the entire year. Earth mixes in which indoor flowers grow are prepared from humus, turf, peat land and sand. Azaleas, rhododendrons, gardenias, and camellias are well developed if, in addition to deciduous soil, pine needles and peat are added to the pot.
There are several secrets to properly transplanting tender greens. Two hours before the “operation”, the plant is abundantly watered so that an earthen clod, braided by roots, can be easily removed from the pot. The soil in the new tank should be moist and not cold. If the exotic freezes and its rhizome cools, it will die. Experienced flower growers know that the "new settler" in another container is abundantly watered, even if water flows into the pan. Instead of transplanting large palm trees or ficus plants growing in tubs, wooden crates, or other large containers, they add fresh earthen mixture to them, removing a layer of an old thickness of two to three centimeters.