Klivia - indoor longevity among the flowering
Among plants that at first glance evoke associations with luxurious bouquets, clivia is one of the most noticeable. From its massive and elegant at the same time inflorescences against a background of dark shiny leaves just can not take his eyes off. With such a bright appearance, it is simply amazing that Clivia for a long time remained unfashionable. But then such a spectacular long-livers among indoor plants can not be found. How to care for clivia at home, I will tell in my article.
Description of plants and types of indoor clivia
Clivia has long been considered obsolete and purely greenhouse plants, but today they are once again gaining popularity in indoor culture. This is one of the most original plants among beautifully flowering indoor plants and one of the most striking exotics.
Also known as kaffir lilyrepresentatives Amaryllis family Clivia cause a lot of controversy. This plant is literally overgrown with myths. They even argue that clivia belongs to rhizome perennials or bulbous.
Clivia have a thickened, shortened rhizome resembling daylily and do not form bulbs. Species clivia reach a height of 80 cm, modern varieties and hybrids are much more compact.
Arranged in two rows, belt-shaped or oar-shaped, long enough and wide leaves form false stems. With a length of up to 60 cm, clivia leaves remind of daylilies. But, thanks to the rich color and density, giving the leaves a slight arcuate bend, they win in comparison. Plants have a very spectacular glossy sheen.
Clivia can surprise many, but in the first place - its durability. Clivia can, under the right growing conditions, please 40 years or more!
Despite the classic flowering period from late February to May, clivia often blooms a little later, in March. On strong, powerful peduncles, umbrellas of inflorescences rise above the leaves. Young clivia produce one or more peduncles, but old overgrown plants, especially after the first decade, are able to please fifty of peduncles per season.
In clivia inflorescences, up to 60 large funnel-shaped flowers were collected. Graceful bells are very elegant. After flowering, large berry-like fruits are tied.
Yellow-orange shades of clivia flowers remind of summer fruits. Cream, apricot, melon, pinkish-peach, cinnabar-pink clivia always look sunny and dazzlingly bright.
Clivia belong to poisonous indoor plants, which require protection of the skin from any contact with juice during work.
Types of indoor clivia
Clivia cinnabar, or Clivia orange (Clivia miniata) Is the most common and vivid form of clivia. Belt-shaped leaves with a very dark shade of color are striking in their beauty. But this species is appreciated for flowering - massive yellow, orange or light red inflorescences from large flowers.
Clivia noble (Clivia nobilis) differs only in elongated tubular drooping flowers of predominantly pink color.
Growing conditions for indoor clivia
Clivia does not fully bloom without a cool winter. The remaining requirements for the conditions should also not be ignored: Clivia prefers stability in everything and does not like to be touched again.
Lighting and placement of clivia
Clivia is photophilous and will not bloom normally in shading. But direct sunlight, especially in summer, the plant does not tolerate well. Clivia is placed in places with diffused lighting, close to windows, but not necessarily on window sills.
Choosing a place for clivia, you need to bet on constancy: clivia can not stand even minor changes and "anxiety". Even slightly shifting the pot with the plant is not recommended, and even moving to a new place can even cause considerable problems. He does not like clivia and extra touches, too frequent “grazing,” turning and tightness: the leaves of the plant should not touch walls, windows or surfaces.
Temperature and ventilation
Clivia prefers cool, she should winter in a room with air temperature not higher than 15 degrees. The ideal temperature range for the rest period is from 8 to 12 degrees Celsius (from September to January). But even in summer it does not tolerate heat. A temperature of 16 to 20 degrees is the best option.
In summer, clivia can be taken out to fresh air, placing in partial shade and shadow. And even in winter, airing the rooms should be regular. If there is no temperature difference, clivia well tolerates light drafts.
Home Care Clivia
The key to annual abundant flowering of clivia is not in vain considered watering. Without proper stable soil moisture, clivia will be capricious and sparse to bloom, and without changing the schedule and method of watering, even a cool wintering will not succeed.
Watering and humidity
Watering for clivia should correspond to the stage of development of plants. From the moment when the peduncle reaches 15 cm in height and until autumn clivia is watered abundantly and often. They do not allow dampness, but maintain stable humidity with drying of the upper layer of the substrate.
But from the fall to the moment when the peduncle begins to grow, clivia in coolness can not be watered at all. If the air temperature exceeds optimal values, clivia is watered very carefully and rarely. During the dormant period, she needs light humidity, you can just spray the plant from a spray bottle to easily moisten the soil and leaves.
The higher the temperature, the more watering is increased, still allowing the substrate to dry to a third of the depth. As soon as the peduncle grows to 15 cm, clivia again begin to be watered abundantly, without smooth transitions. Clivia water temperature should be slightly warmer than the air in the room. Water in pallets should not be left even for a few minutes.
Clivia does not like only very dry air, the proximity of heating appliances or air conditioners. She is quite content with spraying that supports average performance, and does not need humidifiers.
Clivia leaves are best kept clean by gently erasing dust with a damp sponge. Too often and aggressively do not wipe clivia, reducing the procedure to the minimum possible.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
Clivia is fed only during the period of active growth. The start of feeding - the beginning of the growing season, stop feeding by autumn. For clivia, top dressing is necessary in half reduced doses with a frequency of 1 time per week during the period of growth of the peduncle (starting from 2-3 weeks after the resumption of watering) until flowering. After flowering until September, top dressing is done as standard - 1 time in 2-3 weeks. For this plant, you can use only fertilizers for flowering crops.
Pruning and transplanting
Pruning is reduced to removing the peduncle. Leaf pruning is poorly tolerated, with the exception of wilted greens.
Clivia does not like frequent transplants. Only the first few years the plant is transshipped annually or every two years, as the space of the pot is filled. Adult clivia transshipment 1 time in 3-4 years, slightly increasing capacity. Upon reaching maximum tank sizes, clivia is not transplanted. They simply replace the topsoil twice a year, or at least in spring, and make feeding more intense.
This plant prefers not very tall, cramped containers. Since clivia are massive, grow in large groups, and their inflorescences are heavy, they need to be grown in very stable containers or with heavy drainage. Ceramic pots are ideal for clivia.
These plants will prefer nutritious, clay, coarse substrates - special soils for Amaryllis.
Indoor clivia suffer only from dampness, decay due to stagnation of water below the soil. In the vicinity of infected plants, scabbards and felt are quickly “thrown over” to them.
The main method of propagation of clivia is simple separation. Clivia grows so that old plants at each transplant can be divided into 2-3 parts or separate separate daughter sockets.
It is not easy to grow clivia from seeds, and you will have to wait at least 5 years for the first flowering. Clivia seeds are sown freshly harvested in light soil, slightly covered with a layer of sand. Under the film or glass, at a temperature of about 23 degrees, seedlings appear unevenly and slowly. Seedlings are very fragile during the first year, require multiple picks.