What not to forget to do to the gardener in April?
Probably the main sign of April in most of the country is the opening of rivers from ice. This is a powerful, spectacular, touching on streams, and on large rivers a magnificent process, after which it immediately becomes clear: well, that’s it, spring has come! Unfortunately, for most gardeners, April is such a busy month that there is often simply no time to admire the all-destructive power of the awakening water from the heart. Nature wakes up and in a hurry to live. Gardeners have too much to do. There will be an article about what and where not to forget to do.
In April, most seedlings move to greenhouses or hotbeds. In the southern regions - at the beginning of April, in the more northern - at the end. It seems that having got rid of all this lush greenery and continuous watering, picking, lighting, rearrangements from place to place at home, you can relax and get out, finally!
Gardeners are incredibly happy about this moment, but not for long. After a day or two, the fate of the planted seedlings no longer seems as rosy as before. Questions begin to torment: freezes or not; burn or not?
For peace of mind, it is advisable to stock up in advance with additional covering and shading materials. Nevertheless, our forecasts for 5 days are quite real. And it is better to cover the seedlings with breathable covering materials when it gets colder - it definitely won’t be any worse! By the way, covering material will also save from excessive heat in the greenhouse. Yes, and save from light stress: at home, there was no such insolation.
In most of the country in April, different types of cabbage can be planted in seedlings in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse. In the south, it is already planted in the ground.
Who didn’t have time in March, it’s not too late to plant annual flowers for seedlings: carnations, lefties, marigolds, nasturtium, purslane, ageratum and others — who like that.
In April, in the south - at the beginning of the month, in the middle lane and in Siberia - at the end of the month, you can plant cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini, watermelons and melons for seedlings. While living in the Khabarovsk Territory, we tried to plant pumpkin seedlings on the seedlings in the last week of the month, so that they could germinate and grow stronger with hot central heating batteries.
For those to whom it was still early to germinate tubers, bulbs and rhizomes in March, April is the right time. Gladiolus, cannes, calla lilies, dahlias, potatoes, sweet potatoes, examine, treat if necessary, germinate. We bought what we bought and planted too early, also at home or in the greenhouse.
Well, the plants that were stored all winter in the basement, it's time to pull out into the light. They, as a rule, have all woken up. The best place for them is a shadow one with a temperature of about 10 degrees.
April work on the beds
Preparation of beds
Spring is spring, and frosts in April are quite normal. Who could not get to the beds in March, in April can do the procedure of heating-freezing the soil to destroy annual weeds.
Preparation of beds is one of the main April concerns. If the ridges are fenced, you need to check the fence itself and the fastening, if necessary, repair it.
The beds that are made on the plowed plot, it is time to form. The earth needs to "settle down" so as not to injure and disorient in the process of settling of the roots of plants.
What to sow in April in the ground?
At whom beds are prepared, they can sow radishes, lettuce, herbs and plant garlic and onions. It is good to plant greens and radishes in several periods, once a decade, for fresh consumption.
Almost everywhere, you can sow carrots, parsley, parsnips. Crops are cold-resistant and slow-witted, early sowing will free up time in the hotter season.
It is also time to sow perennials in the ground: mint, lemon balm, catnip, sage, oregano, hyssop, marjoram, perennial onions of all kinds. It is better to plant mint, lemon balm and catnip separately, in an isolated and fenced place - they are very creeping out.
April is the right time for siderats. Immediately after the snow melts, it’s nice to spread the phacelia or mustard seeds on the beds, roll it up slightly - let the weeds grow and jam. By the time of transplanting seedlings will be ready mulch and green fertilizer. Uncut green manure can at first serve as a freshly planted seedling by shelter from the sun and wind.
Care of strawberry garden
Processing strawberry beds at the beginning of spring is required, but has significant differences depending on the region and the views of the gardener. Where it is sheltered, on a cloudy, quiet day you need to open it and let it breathe in for a week. Then it’s already, as someone knows: someone cuts dry leaves in the spring, someone cuts them in the autumn, someone doesn't cut at all, but rakes them in the spring. You can simply sweep the bed with wild strawberries sitting on black covering material ...
And you need to feed. Again, depending on the owner’s beliefs: you can pour ash, or you can feed with mineral water. And take away excess water if for some reason it appeared in the strawberry zone.
In Kuban, on clay soil, garden and forest strawberries grow best on a slope, normally experiencing both heat and drought, and on a raised bed in the hollow in spring there are less than half of the bushes.
One bed with early strawberries is not bad to make super-early - set the arc, cover with a film. The same is true for beds with perennial and annual greens.
In the southern regions of the country, the potato planting period is suitable. In the more northern, it is still germinating.
Well, in April, certainly all the gardens thawed. Because where there is still snow, there are usually no gardens. In places where fruit is in shelter culture, on a cloudy, quiet day, shelter must be removed so that the trees breathe and get used to. Whitening should be done almost immediately, since an unexpectedly peeking sun can lead to damage to the bark. And, if you are already engaged in wood, then you can immediately carry out spring sanitary pruning - cut dry, broken twigs, as well as crowns directed downward and lower, heavily shaded.
Shrubs also open, give the opportunity to straighten. Trim visible damage. Who has already been uncovered and circumcised - process from pests. If the currant was sick with powdery mildew, spray “Fitosporin”.
In those regions where pruning, processing trunks and installing fishing belts is a completed stage, you need to prepare for flowering. Proponents of chemical control spray the garden with insecticides and fungicides. Organists set up light traps, plant trunks around useful plants and spray them with soap-and-ash-phytoncide solutions.
Grapes require special care, in most parts of the country this culture requires special care and is grown in a cover culture. The procedure is slightly different: open for a day or two for ventilation, then in cloudy weather remove the shelter, let it cry for a week, then fix it on a support. You can cut in the spring, but he cries a lot, so depending on the situation and compassion.
The planting of a gardener bought in April, on the one hand, is a balm for the soul of a gardener - there’s so much! And on the other hand, there is a lot of additional work (planting pits, fertile soil mixed with sand or peat, or something else, pruning, garter, whitewashing) and most importantly - where can I put all this ?! But here it is necessary to somehow get out.
By the way, the sun is bright in spring, temperature differences can be large and young seedlings would be nice to protect. We have taken root protection with thin covering material. We make a hut open on the north side and the sapling is developed in a new place for a couple of weeks without unnecessary stress.
In April, it’s not too late to plant trees with cuttings, if you want to add variety to the fruit part of the garden, if there is no longer room for new plantings.
And it’s not too late to install birdhouses and titmouses!
Ornamental Garden Care
In April, shelters were also completely removed from all decorative items packed for the winter. Again, on a quiet cloudy day - do not immediately scare the plants with the sun, let them get used to the fact that there is light at all. When you get used to it, open, cut, process.
Uncut trimmed decorative shrubs in March require formation, not all, of course, but only those that bloom in summer and autumn. Spring-flowering pruned at the end of flowering.
A frequent April mistake by gardeners is the desire to clean up the plot as soon as possible: cut dry stems of ornamental plants, rake foliage, and clean the ground. No need to rush! April, with all its spring ambiguity, can also unexpectedly throw frosts. Moreover, with such a strange forecast, which gives meteorological center.
Suddenly open to the sun, wind and temperature changes, young seedlings can suffer. Especially if they, like lilies, carry flower buds at the top. Although frostbitten or sunburned leaves do not add decorativeness to any plant.
But the lawn needs to be cleaned, raked up old grass, sown in places of bald spots, let it be repaired. Moreover, you can sow on a plain green lawn a flowering (for example, Moorish) lawn - there will be an exclusive design.
April usually pleases with the flowering of primroses in the middle lane, but this year, in accordance with a strange forecast, it will probably please in the north of the European part and in western Siberia. Due to the abnormally warm (+26 degrees!) Beginning of spring, our primroses in the Kuban began to bloom together in early March and fell under the freezing temperatures that followed after warming to -7 ° С. I had to cover the hyacinths, they really look unpresentable after freezing. Daffodils were killed, but they recovered, recovered, rose and did not lose their decorativeness.
Decorative planting of newly acquired plants requires special care: grown up, sprouted, you can put in a greenhouse before planting in the ground, but do not forget about shading. As soon as the air temperature allows, drop off to a permanent place and shelter from the sun and wind for a week and a half, according to the weather.
All plantings in the garden should be marked somehow. I think many have come across a situation where when planting a new plant, something previously planted is dug up, cut and trampled. Now on sale a lot of all kinds of labels, you can choose the right ones. If there is a desire, unoccupied children and a creative streak, markers are good to make yourself. The main requirement is that they should be noticeable. In our country, in the conditions of grass and still young garden growing wildly from April to October, these are high “flags” of flashy neon colors. Otherwise, mowing can damage something.
Dear gardeners! I want to advise photographing your garden at different stages. Not only in bloom. Photos will show how the garden looks at different times and how you can improve it. For example, how to form the crown of a tree or shrub - in a leafless state, this is better seen. In the early spring, panoramic pictures show where the water stagnates, what plants come out after wintering: if the same ones are planted in different parts of the garden, you can compare. Take pictures and put them in separate folders for years. Helps a lot.