Primrose pink - the queen of primroses
One of the most abundantly flowering primroses primrose pink in the gardens is very common. Its inflorescences are beautiful and numerous, but the plant has only a few varieties, since it is very difficult to improve this already beautiful and bright primrose. The incomparable shades of saturated pink and a large number of flowers cause associations with roses, and their character is pleasantly surprising. For this primrose, you should carefully choose a place, but otherwise it will pleasantly surprise even the most busy and experienced gardeners. It blooms one of the first and seems like a small spring miracle against the backdrop of a garden that has not yet awakened.
- Description of primrose pink
- Varieties and forms of primrose pink
- Primrose pink in garden design
- Growing conditions for primrose pink
- Care for primrose pink
- Reproduction of primrose
Description of primrose pink
Pink primrose - the only "cultural" representative of primrose, belonging to one of the few and little-known sections - Oreophlomis (Oreophlomis). Previously, this primrose was often attributed to the section of powdery primroses, but today its classification is not in doubt. This is a special section of medium-sized primroses with strikingly smooth leaves with a scalloped-toothed edge and bright pink flowers, which you can enjoy in early spring. Despite the fact that the name of the class is not known to most gardeners, its bright representative is difficult to confuse with other primulas.
Primrose pink (Primula rosea) - a herbaceous perennial belonging to the class of small primroses. In nature, pink primrose is a rare occurrence and one of the most prominent representatives of the category of Asian primrose, exotic for us, but still so desired. Its beauty in the wild can be enjoyed only in the Himalayan mountains, at an altitude of more than 2500 m, almost at the snowy border, where this plant adorns its dazzling flowering moist areas with specific soil, mainly consisting of clay or peat. In horticultural culture, the requirements for conditions hardly change, which makes pink primrose stand out from the competition.
The appearance of primrose is pink, or, as we like to call it, rosaceous, it seems touching, tender and fragile. She really gives the impression of an exceptionally feminine and romantic crumb, although her character is far from reverent. This is a compact plant up to 30 cm high (rosette of leaves - up to 10 cm) with an unusual root system formed by thin, filiform and strikingly long roots, allowing the plant to adapt well to unstable conditions and not lack moisture.
The plant releases leaves only on the eve of and during flowering, but full-fledged rosettes are formed only after its completion. Intensive growth at the end of flowering allows the primrose to quickly acquire a neat and elegant look. Young leaves, until fully opened and reaching maximum sizes, are emblazoned with a muffled marshy shade of color with a bronze coating.
They acquire their true form after flowering of primrose, striking an ideal lanceolate-oval shape. The lower edge sharply narrows into winged petioles. The length of the leaves is from 10 to 20 cm. The edge is serrated, the top is blunt, the surface of the leaves is slightly wrinkled. Sockets look very elegant. The color of adult leaves is saturated light green, which stands out against the background of ordinary garden plants.
Primrose pink blossom is traditionally May. In regions with mild winters, it blooms in early spring, but in the middle lane of a luxurious parade this primrose will have to wait. It is very difficult to assess the structure and shape of inflorescences: at the beginning of flowering, flower stalks are practically invisible, but gradually, as they bloom, they begin to grow and stretch.
On pedicels up to 15 cm high, small-flowered umbrellas of inflorescences, consisting of 4 to 12 flowers, rise. The flowers of this primrose are medium-sized, only 10-12 mm in diameter, but they do not seem small. Flowers bloom in such numbers that the bushes turn into solid colored spots. A yellow eye and a deep notch on the petals make the plant even more elegant. The lanceolate leaflets of the wrapper emphasize a graceful cylindrical tube and a corolla with a flat limb deeply dissected into wide lanceolate lobes.
The color scheme of primrose pink is limited by dazzling bright candy shades of medium pink colors. Usually this primrose is characterized by a cold pink color, but there are exceptions.
Due to the fairly early flowering, the timing and duration of the parade of pink primrose depend on the weather. The flowers of this primrose may suffer from frost.
Varieties and forms of primrose pink
This variety of primrose cannot boast of a wide variety. But the limited number of varieties is explained not at all by the futility of the plant, but by its extraordinary beauty. Improving the already bright and abundant flowering of primrose pink is quite difficult. Therefore, on sale you can find only two decorative forms of plants and only one variety.
Grandiflora decorative form (var. grandiflora) Is a variety with much larger flowers up to 2–3 cm in diameter. It seems more luxuriantly colored than the base plant. In catalogs, this form of primrose is often served as a varietal plant.
Harris decorative shape (var. harrissii) Is a short and dark pink variety that is very rare.
Grade Gigas (Gigas) Is a larger plant, the peduncles of which can rise to a height of 40 cm. Bright pink, almost fuchsian, with a yellow eye, the flowers of this primrose are collected in larger, but noticeably loose shields of inflorescences. The leaves are smooth, large, up to 15 cm in length, peduncles - strong and thickened.
Primrose pink in garden design
Primrose pink is one of the most hygrophilous primrose. It can be used to decorate ponds, from small ponds to large ponds and streams, located in coastlines. But moist soil, comfortable for this primrose, can be found not only in water bodies. It grows well in moist flower beds, lowlands, those places that are uncomfortable with other primroses sensitive to dampness.
Planting the curtains of this primrose in crevices, shady places of rockeries and rock gardens, at the foot of slopes or at the lower levels of terraces, you can use the relief of the terrain to create ideal conditions for plants.
Pink primrose looks great as a spring accent. Its early and very bright flowering allows the garden to bloom with pink spots, so this plant is often placed where in spring there are not enough seasonal bright accents.
Primrose pink looks great:
- as a decoration of lawns;
- as little spring accents in classic flower beds;
- used for color spots in the front garden;
- as an accent in decorative early flowering shrubs.
Pink primrose can be grown in primaria, mixborders, mixed flower gardens of any style, shape and size. This plant is appropriate in gardens with a focus on the pink color scheme or in projects mixing different colors. It fits perfectly into both regular and landscape compositions. The only restriction on its use is the modest size and flowering time.
Place the primrose so that it can be admired (in the foreground or in places where the gaze will freely fall on it during flowering). The leaves of the plant do not spoil the flower beds, so you should not be afraid of voids and glades on them.
Partners for primrose pink are selected from among the plants that bloom in the first half of the season. All bulbous primroses, including crocuses, snowdrops, scylles, Pushkinia, hyacinths, charming muscari, bulbous irises, tulips, daffodils, other types of primroses, pansies, spring plants complement and enhance its beauty.
Plants are not lost in the company of herbaceous perennials and any crops that also prefer moist soil. They are perfectly combined with other plants for the coastal lines of reservoirs, including daylilies, aquilegia, astilbe, hosts, etc.
Growing conditions for primrose pink
This amazing lush primrose is not a big fan of open, sunny areas. In the garden, she should find shaded, secluded areas with diffused lighting. In the middle band, primrose pink does not grow in strong shading; for it, diffused penumbra is chosen. Protection against drafts, warm places without active winds allow the plant to bloom more magnificent.
The origin of primrose pink should not be misleading. This primrose, indeed, adores marshy, moist soils, coastlines, stable humidity, but feels good in ordinary fresh soil. How much this plant can adapt to dry soil depends only on the care.
Primrose pink feels better in nutrient soils. The plant prefers peat and clay soils, located near water bodies. Pink primrose does not tolerate alkaline soils, but it feels good not only in acidic, but also neutral soil types. Varietal plants are more capricious; they will prefer to grow in stably moist soil near water bodies.
Planting pink primrose is carried out according to the simplest method. For the plant, they dig out planting pits according to the size of the root system and seedlings, carefully set up the primrose, without deepening the growth points, and compact the soil around. Abundant watering is the only thing she needs after planting. Traditionally, this primrose is recommended to be replanted in late summer or early September, but the plant is not afraid of planting even during flowering.
Care for primrose pink
This is one of the primroses, practically requiring no care. In drought, when the soil dries up or in extreme heat, even near water bodies (if the primrose is not planted in a shaded place where the soil never overheats), it is better to carry out additional watering for the plant. In places with drier soil, watering should be regular.
Protect the primrose from weeds and root overheating by mulching. If the soil is not mulched, periodic weeding and loosening are included in the care program.
Dry peduncles, if they are not going to grow their seeds, it is better to cut off in a timely manner.
The plant is separated only when signs of degeneration of part of the curtains or old rosettes appear. It is a durable primrose that does not suffer from pests and diseases.
For the winter, primrose pink bushes are additionally protected by mulching. The plant is sufficiently frost-resistant for the middle lane, but it can disappear in snowless or extremely unstable winters. The bushes are protected by simple cover with a layer of dry leaves. Mulch must be removed in the spring to prevent the curtains from drying out and remove obstacles to the growth of shoots.
Reproduction of primrose pink
Pink primrose is easy to propagate by separation of bushes. At the main outlet, daughter plants are constantly formed, most often it grows in a group or hummock. Dividing large bushes into 2-3 parts allows you to get strong new plants that are planted as independent specimens. This is not the fastest growing of primrose, but it grows quite well. The optimal time for separation is after the end of flowering and the growth of rosettes, from the second half of June to mid-July.
You can grow primrose pink and from seeds. They can be sown before winter, but since germination is better affected not by freezing, but by cold stratification, sowing is best done in the spring, in April or May. Seeds can be kept for several weeks at a temperature of 2 to 4 degrees Celsius or after sowing, keep the containers cool, at a temperature of about 15 degrees, until emergence.
Stratification can also be replaced by sowing under snow. Seeds are sown in light universal soil in containers, superficially, with a light cover of soil. Under a film or glass, in a bright and warm place (using stratified seeds), seedlings appear after about 2-3 weeks.
Young primroses dive after they release the first full leaf. As soon as the weather permits, young plants are transferred to open soil - to a permanent place or to a bed for growing. Seedlings of primrose pink are sensitive to return frosts, so it is better to wait with a transplant until the end of May or early June, taking care of additional watering for young plants.