Kyzyl in Turkic means "red." Or maybe because of the color of the wood? She really has a red color.
Dogwood is also popularly called the “devil's berry”. Who knows why these delicious fruits were named so from a small, 3-3.5 meter tall bush-tree. There are two legends about the origin of dogwood. Here is the first one.
... When the garden of paradise, created by God, first bloomed and soon covered with fruits, Satan vowed to "transcend" God:
- I will create a tree that will bloom when God never dreamed of, and the fruits on it will show off until winter.
So did. As black thawed holes appeared in the snow in the snow in some places, when Satan grabbed some branch and thrust it into the frozen ground. I ran along the branch and showered it with yellow flowers. God’s trees had already faded, and the damn thing wasn’t shedding its yellow robes.
The fruits poured long and slowly, and until the new snow they sang reddish berries with a hard bone inside. Overdone unclean. The fruits were so tartly acidic that they drove in the mouth of everyone who tasted those berries.
The damn potion remained the damn potion ...
However, man has revealed the secrets of the “diabolical” berry both as a food product and as a medicinal plant.
Dark red or yellowish fruit - drupe has a sour-astringent taste, strong aromatic odor. It contains sugar, acids, tannins, is rich in pectin and vitamin C. But all these properties come to cornel berries late-late autumn, because it develops very slowly.
It is better to harvest cornel fruit in September, in dry weather. Use them for the preparation of juices, syrups, extracts, wine.
A decoction of the fruits is used for indigestion, as a binder and anti-zingotic agent. Fresh fruits are well stored, and dried fruits lie for several years.
Dogwood is also used on woods - it is hard as a horn. For this, the botanists gave him the name "Cornus", which means "horn." In ancient Greece and Rome arrows were made from cornel. They, according to legend, was armed Odysseus. Romulus, the founder of Rome, according to legends, outlined the border of the future “eternal city” with a cornel spear. Having completed the definition of boundaries, Romulus drove the spear into the ground, and then it turned into a tree.
The Nuremberg Museum houses an old watch whose wheels are made of cornel wood. It makes parts for musical instruments.
The famous Ovid mentions dogwood in the poem "Golden Age". A special honor to this tree in Bulgaria. An interesting custom has been preserved here since antiquity. On the eve of the New Year, everyone is buying stern vaccines - dogwood cloves, an indispensable attribute of the holiday. On the first of January, children approach their relatives and friends, gently beat with severe aprons, congratulating them on the holiday. Dogwood stick in the hands of a child - a symbol of the New Year.
Dogwood is widespread everywhere: in deciduous and coniferous forests of the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia, in Central Asia and Siberia, in the Crimea, southern and central Ukraine. It grows with a tree bush, is not damaged by pests and diseases, is unpretentious to growing conditions, is not afraid of drought. On estates it is better to place it in the least valuable place. Propagated by seeds and seedlings. Dogwood lives and bears fruit up to 150 years and even longer. As a result of folk selection, many large-fruited garden forms were bred.