Is the landscape design of the forest area being done and how to equip and preserve the forest?
Landscape design - This is a creative activity and practical guidance that begins with the development landscape project and ends landscaping and landscaping for implementation landscape project in life. Purpose landscape design is the creation of a unique and harmonious look, combined with the comfort and ease of use of infrastructure.
Unlike a clean field, where the result of work depends only on talent landscape designer and responsibility of performers, the main commandment when developing landscape design and beautification forest the plot - do no harm. After all, an adult forest is a fully formed community of plants, insects, microorganisms, fungi, as well as birds and animals.
The following basic rules can be distinguished, which it is desirable to adhere to when developing landscape design and beautification forest the plot:
Trees growing in the immediate vicinity of the house (5-7 meters) are better to root. When carrying out construction work, the root system of such trees is severely injured, and it is likely that a strong wind will overwhelm them. Especially dangerous are trees with a superficial root system (spruce, birch), as well as trees with massive and brittle branches (poplar, willow).
After completion of the construction and laying of the necessary underground utilities, the air-water regime of the soil changes significantly. As a result of this, adult trees growing on the site are greatly weakened. This greatly increases the risk of damage by their diseases and pests. The bark beetle is especially dangerous, which over the summer can destroy almost all adult trees in your area. Therefore, it is necessary to annually treat the trunks and branches with protection from pests and diseases. Doing it yourself is quite difficult, it is better to contact specialized companies.
If you plan to change the relief of the forest area, significantly raising or lowering the soil level, you need to surround the tree trunks with wells, leaving the land in them at the same level. Mature trees cannot tolerate exposure of the root system or direct contact of the bark with the ground. If this is not done, then within 2-3 years all adult trees will die.
It is not advisable to lay drainage pipes in the forest - draining the forest will lead to a change in the water-air balance of the soil and possible death of plants. Often the forest growing on the site is heavily densified with young shoots and undergrowth.
Thinning and clearing the forest, do not seek to uproot everything below 20 meters. Take a closer look - a young mountain ash will turn into a beautiful tree, and nondescript twigs of hazel will begin to produce nuts in 2-3 years. When clearing the forest, show its beauty, revealing previously hidden plant compositions to the sun and gaze.
There will never be a good lawn in the forest, especially coniferous. Maybe you shouldn’t plow the whole plot and get upset looking at the stunted and rare shoots of lawn grass? As a rule, a forest-grass cover has already been formed in the forest. These are sedges, ferns, wild strawberries, lunatics, tenacious, hoofed eggs, greenfinch, loosestrife and other forest plants. Do not destroy created by nature. You can add color accents and plant various perennials and shrubs on empty plots: in shaded places it can be the following shrubs: elderberry, Tatar honeysuckle, derain, mahonia, spindle tree, and others, as well as perennials: incense, hosta, catchment (aquilegia), periwinkle, bruner, buzulnik, dicenter, bought and others. And in sunny glades there is much more choice - these are shrubs with bright leaves and flowering shrubs (barberry, cysticis, spirea, forsythia, cinquefoil, lilac, mock up and others; these are flowering vines (honeysuckle honeysuckle, climbing roses and others); these are and a wide assortment of perennials (chamomile, bellflower, delphinium, iris, daylily and others). Try not to overdo it with garden forms of selected plants - they look rude and defiant against the openwork vegetation inherent in the Central Russian forest. However, this is a matter of taste.
Paths in the forest are best made from natural materials on a gravel-sand base. It can be stone slabs, larch cuts, decorative gravel or ceramic chips, granite screenings.
In conclusion: do not forget to take care of the birds and animals that live in your forest. They are not only the indigenous inhabitants of the forest, but also its protectors and guardians. Hang up feeders, help them in difficult winter time, and they will repay you not only with spring songs, but also with a healthy beautiful forest on your site.
Example landscape design , gardening and beautification forest plot you can see here