Site selection and soil preparation for berry
Buttocks have a less developed root system than fruit trees and therefore they are more demanding on soil and climatic conditions. However, on the right choice of place for the future berry, its productivity largely depends.
- Choosing a place for a berry
- We take into account the characteristics of planted plants
- Soil preparation for the berry
Choosing a place for a berry
The berry should be placed so that the shadow from the area with the orchard does not block the sun for him. If the arrangement of berry bushes is joint with the garden zone of the site, they should be arranged so that they, in turn, do not obscure the beds.
For more information about zoning when planning a garden-berry planting, see the material: Layout of a fruit and berry garden.
Berries can be cultivated in the row-spacing of a young garden, but one must remember that in heavily shaded places where sunlight is poorly penetrated, good yields cannot be expected. But in the conditions of the south, excessive solar heating, as well as a strong shadow, are not suitable.
It is desirable that the area under the berries is flat, or with a slight slope. The best slope for all berry growers is the southwest. The steeper, more open southern and southeastern slopes should be used primarily for raspberries, and the northern and northeastern ones for currants.
We take into account the characteristics of planted plants
When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the plants to be planted. Blackcurrant grows well surrounded by other shrubs, but sea buckthorn and viburnum prefer a separate planting.
When planning a berry, it should be remembered that for proper plant development, placement density is important. Raspberries are planted in rows after 0.5 m from each other and 1.0-1.5 meters between rows. Yoshta, black and golden currants are planted at a distance of 1.5 meters, and red after 1 meter. Gooseberries, honeysuckle and igrua when used in the berry planted at a distance of 2 meters.
Soil preparation for the berry
Ground water should lie no closer than 1.5 m from the soil surface when laying bush berries and 1 m for strawberries. If the groundwater is higher, then the plants are planted on a soil bedding pillow with a height of 0.3-0.5 m.
The soil should be nutritious, loose and without weeds.
On depleted soils, with poor physical properties, it is very advisable to pre-sow siderata - perennial leguminous grasses, so that in the second year of their culture the last cut is smelled. Sowing herbs can to some extent be replaced by the introduction of organic fertilizers before laying the berry.
For 1-1.5 months before planting the berry, you need to plow or dig: for strawberries to a depth of 20-25 cm, and for all bush berries to 30-40 cm. On heavy and saline soils, it is desirable that the plowing or digging is deeper .
Incidentally, earlier under the bush berries used plantation, i.e. deep digging to a depth of 50-70 cm and more. It should be noted that such soil preparation in the south is extremely useful. It is especially desirable to apply plantation on chestnut saline soils, not only for bush berries, but also for the garden.
Plantation improves the physicochemical properties of the soil associated with air, water and thermal conditions, increases moisture permeability and creates favorable conditions for the development of shrub roots.
As a rule, autumn plowing or digging for spring planting of berry plants for the winter is not harrowed.